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California, USA



 


Notes: California (pronounced ˌkæ.lɪ.ˈfɔɹ.njə) is the most populous state of the United States. Located on the Pacific coast of North America, it is bordered by Oregon, Nevada and Arizona in the United States, and Baja California in Mexico. The state's four largest cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose and San Francisco. California is known for its Mediterranean climate and ethnically diverse population. The state has 58 counties.
Inhabited by indigenous people for millennia, Alta California was first colonized by the Spanish Empire in 1769, and after Mexican independence in 1821, continued as part of Mexico. Following one brief week as the independent California Republic in 1846, and the conclusion of the Mexican-American war in 1848, California was annexed by the United States and was admitted to the Union as the thirty-first state on September 9, 1850.
California's diverse geography ranges from the sandy beaches of the Pacific coast to the rugged, snow-capped Sierra Nevada mountains in the east. The central portion of the state is dominated by the Central Valley, one of the most vital agricultural areas in the country. The Sierra Nevada contains Yosemite Valley, famous for its glacially-carved domes, and Sequoia National Park, home to the largest living organisms on Earth, the giant sequoia trees, and the highest point in the contiguous United States, Mount Whitney. The tallest living things on Earth, the ancient redwood trees, dot the coastline, mainly north of San Francisco. California is also home to the lowest and hottest place in the Western Hemisphere, Death Valley. Bristlecone pines located in the White Mountains are the oldest known trees in the world; one has an age of 4,700 years.
The California Gold Rush, beginning in 1848, dramatically changed California with an influx of population and an economic boom. The early part of the 20th century was marked by Los Angeles becoming the center of the entertainment industry, in addition to the growth of a large tourism sector in the state. The Central Valley is home to California's important agricultural industry, the largest of any state. Other important industries have included the aerospace and oil industries. In recent decades, California has become a global leader in computers and information technology. If California were a country, its economy would rank among the ten largest in the world.
Name
The first state found California originally referred to the entire region composed of the current U.S. state of California, plus all or parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and Wyoming, and the Mexican peninsula now known as Baja California.
The name California is most commonly believed derived from a storied paradise peopled by black Amazons and ruled by Queen Califia. The myth of Califia is recorded in a 1510 work The Exploits of Esplandian, written as a sequel to Amadís de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer García Ordoñez Rodriguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Califia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a remote land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts and rich in gold.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island named California, very close to that part of the terrestrial Paradise, which was inhabited by black women, without a single man among them, and that they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body, with strong and passionate hearts and great virtues. The island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the bold and craggy rocks. Their weapons were all made of gold. The island everywhere abounds with gold and precious stones, and upon it no other metal was found.
It is thought that the myth of Califia later helped fuel Spanish exploration in the New World. Others suggest the word California may come from the early Spanish explorers who entered California via the hot southern regions and referred to California as being "hot as an oven" or a "lime oven" ("cali > hot", "fornus->forno > oven" + ending "ia" for a place; or with "cal > lime"). It may be derived from caliente fornalia, Spanish for hot furnace, or it may come from calida fornax, Latin for hot climate.
According to this theory, the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés heard stories of an island populated by women warriors and filled with riches, off the northwest coast of today's Mexico. Beginning in 1535, he sponsored three expeditions to what is now known as the Baja California Peninsula in search of this island. While Cortés is credited with the discovery of Baja California, he found no such island of riches and Amazons. In official reports about Cortés's discoveries written in the early 1540s, these new lands are referred to as "California" - likely alluding to Montalvo's imaginary island. These reports were written by Cortés's political rivals, and it is unclear whether the allusions to California in these reports were meant as mockery of Cortés - that is, Cortés went seeking riches and Amazons, but found only the deserts of Baja California; these rivals then derisively refer to Cortés's discovery by the well-known name of "California."

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: 38.561787, Longitude: -121.436583


Birth

Matches 1 to 8 of 8

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Cochran, Robert Alexander  25 May 1917California, USA I684512
2 Hall, Abner  May 1866California, USA I452169
3 Kale, Fredrick Joseph  25 Sep 1904California, USA I450348
4 Kale, Lena E.  1908California, USA I453149
5 Nutter, Frederick Allen  01 May 1929California, USA I684811
6 Powell, William David  27 Feb 1925California, USA I672279
7 Yeager, Jeri Paul  02 Jul 1940California, USA I167807
8 Zuiderweg, Hero  21 Jan 1926California, USA I203575

Died

Matches 1 to 32 of 32

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Belinfante, Frieda  1995California, USA I82319
2 Boverhof, John  Cal 1974California, USA I139137
3 Bowman, Elmer Harold  14 Nov 1989California, USA I449807
4 Connor, Cecil Ingram  19 Sep 1973California, USA I680875
5 Cook, Dorothy Joanne  22 Nov 1997California, USA I685684
6 van de Corput, Johannes  09 Mar 1950California, USA I497935
7 Cromwell, James Henry Roberts  19 Mar 1990California, USA I685175
8 Deuling, Engelina Margaretha  12 Mar 1946California, USA I175698
9 Dougherty, James Edward  15 Aug 2005California, USA I673542
10 Filloon, Forrest  Yes, date unknownCalifornia, USA I451487
11 Hollingsworth, Zumry  Yes, date unknownCalifornia, USA I451761
12 Hopper, Dennis Lee  29 May 2010California, USA I684200
13 Kauffeld, Robert Carel  08 Feb 1997California, USA I124819
14 van de Klundert, Adriana Isabella  22 Mar 1959California, USA I497934
15 Marriott, Barbara Joyce  1996California, USA I198790
16 NN, Midge  24 Nov 1995California, USA I86325
17 Pearch, George Walter  05 Oct 2003California, USA I685483
18 Peters, Elizabeth Jean  13 Oct 2000California, USA I673685
19 Powell, William David  13 Mar 1968California, USA I672279
20 Priwin, Wolf Stefan  09 Jul 1993California, USA I677995
21 Schnitjer, Catharina Wilhelmina  1960California, USA I780666
22 Scott, George Campbell  22 Sep 1999California, USA I673741
23 Sherry, William Grant  05 Jan 2003California, USA I673721
24 Sikkens, Otto Victalis  14 Feb 2003California, USA I346761
25 Strode, Woodrow Wilson Woolwine  31 Dec 1994California, USA I684513
26 Todd, Thelma Alice  16 Dec 1935California, USA I670703
27 Toppass, Irene Prunty  1993California, USA I677012
28 la Vigne, Wilfred Edward  20 Nov 1988California, USA I448056
29 Wellcome, Michael  06 May 1893California, USA I448384
30 Welter, Blanca Rosa  22 Jul 2011California, USA I684784
31 Zacharenko, Natalia Nikolaevna  29 Nov 1981California, USA I686065
32 Zuck, Alexandra  20 May 2005California, USA I670371

Married

Matches 1 to 2 of 2

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Cheney / Baas  California, USA F56193
2 Zuiderweg / Buntain  1935California, USA F81462

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