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Tacoma Park, Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA



 


Notes: The Metropolitan Park District of Tacoma is the park district of Tacoma, Washington.
Tacoma (IPA: tə ˈko mə) is a mid-sized urban port city in Washington, USA. The city is situated on a peninsula on the southern end of Washington's Puget Sound, in an area 32 miles (51 km) southwest of Seattle, 31 miles (50 km) northeast of the State capital, Olympia, and 58 miles (93 km) northwest of Mount Rainier National Park. According to 2006 Washington State OFM estimates, Tacoma has an estimated population of 199,600. Tacoma stands as the second-largest city in the Puget Sound area, the third-largest in the state, and the seat of government of Pierce County.
Tacoma adopted its name after the nearby Mount Rainier, which was originally called Mount Tacoma or Mount Tahoma. It is known as the "City of Destiny" because the area was chosen to be the site of the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad in the late 1800s. The decision of the railroad was influenced in part because of Tacoma's neighboring Commencement Bay. By connecting the bay with the railroad Tacoma’s motto became “When rails meet sails.” Today Commencement Bay serves the Port of Tacoma, a major player in international trade on the Pacific Coast.
Like most central cities, Tacoma suffered a prolonged decline in the mid-20th century as a result of suburbanization, divestment, and federal urban renewal programs. Recently the city has been undergoing a Renaissance of sorts (see below); investing great sums of money in the downtown core to establish the University of Washington, Tacoma; Tacoma Link, the first modern electric light rail service in the state; various art and history museums; and a restored inlet, the Thea Foss Waterway.
The city has a long history of blue-collar labor politics owing to the relationship between the people and the railroad.
Tacoma-Pierce County has been named as one of the most livable areas in the country. Tacoma was also recently listed as one of the most walkable cities in the country (19th). In contrast, the city is also ranked as the most stressed-out city in the country in a 2004 survey. However, in 2006, women's magazine Self named Tacoma the "Most Sexually Healthy City" in the United States.
History
Tacoma was inhabited for thousands of years by American Indians, predominantly the Puyallup people, who lived in several settlements on the delta of the Puyallup River and called the area where Tacoma would be built "Squa-szucks". It was visited by European and American explorers, including George Vancouver and Charles Wilkes, who named many of the coastal landmarks.
19th Century
In 1852 a Swede named Nicolas Delin constructed a sawmill powered by water on a creek near the head of Commencement Bay, but the small settlement that grew up around it was abandoned during the Indian War of 1855-1856. In 1864, pioneer and postmaster Job Carr, a Civil War veteran and land speculator who hoped to profit from the selection of Commencement Bay as the terminus of the Transcontinental Railroad, built a cabin (a replica of Job Carr's cabin, which also served as Tacoma's first post office, was erected in "Old Town" in 2000 near the original site), and later sold most of his claim to developer Morton McCarver (1807-1875), who named his project Tacoma City. The name derived from the indigenous name for Mount Rainier, deriving from the Puyallup tacobet, "mother of waters".
Tacoma was officially incorporated on November 12, 1875. Its early hopes to be the "City of Destiny" were stimulated by its selection in 1873 as the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad, thanks to lobbying by McCarver and others. The transcontinental link was effected in 1887, but the railroad built its depot on "New Tacoma", two miles south of the Carr-McCarver development. The two communities subsequently grew together and joined. The population grew from 1,098 in 1880 to 36,006 in 1890. Rudyard Kipling visited Tacoma in 1889 and said Tacoma was "literally staggering under a boom of the boomiest".
George Francis Train was a resident of Tacoma for a few years in the late 1800s, and was an early civic booster. In 1880, he staged a global circumnavigation starting and ending in Tacoma to promote the city's centrality. A plaque in downtown Tacoma marks the start/finish line.
What came to be known as "Tacoma method" was used in November 1885 to expel several thousand Chinese peaceably living in the city. As described by the account prepared by the Chinese Reconciliation Project, on the morning of November 3, 1885, "several hundred men, led by the mayor and other city officials, evicted the Chinese from their homes, corralled them at 7th Street and Pacific Avenue, marched them to the railway station at Lakeview and forced them aboard the morning train to Portland, Oregon. The next day two Chinese settlements were burned to the ground."
The discovery of gold in the Klondike in 1898 led Tacoma's prominence in the region to be eclipsed by the booming development of Seattle.
20th Century
During a thirty day power shortage in the winter of 1929/1930, Tacoma was provided with electricity from the engines of the aircraft carrier USS Lexington.
In 1935 Tacoma received national attention when George Weyerhaeuser, the nine-year-old son of prominent lumber industry executive J.P. Weyerhaeuser, was kidnapped while walking home from school. FBI agents from Portland handled the case, in which payment of a demanded ransom of $200,000 secured the release of the victim. Four persons were later apprehended and convicted in connection with the crime. The last to be released was paroled from McNeil Island in 1963; George Weyerhaeuser went on to become Chairman of the Board of the Weyerhaeuser Company.
In 1951, an investigation by a state legislative committee revealed widespread corruption in Tacoma's government, which had been organized commission-style since 1910. Voters approved a mayor/city-manager system in 1952.
The first local referendums in the U.S. on computerized voting occurred in Tacoma in 1982 and 1987. On both occasions, voters rejected by a 3-1 margin the computer voting systems that local officials sought to purchase. The campaigns, organized by Eleanora Ballasiotes, a conservative Republican, focused on the vulnerabilities of computers to fraud.
In 1998, the city of Tacoma installed a high-speed fiber optic network throughout the community. The municipally owned power company wired the city of 187,000 people, thus making Tacoma America's #1 wired city.
Tacoma struggled with crime in its Hilltop neighborhood in the 1980s and early 1990s. The problems have declined significantly in recent years as many neighborhoods have enacted community policing and other policies.
21st Century
On April 26, 2003, Tacoma's chief of police David Brame shot and killed his wife and then himself in Gig Harbor, Washington.
In 2004, Tacoma was ranked among the top 30 in America's Most Livable Communities in 2004, in an annual survey conducted by the Partners for Livable Communities.
Downtown Renaissance
Beginning in the early 1990s, Tacoma has taken a number of steps to revitalize itself and its image, especially downtown.
The University of Washington established a branch campus in Tacoma in 1990. The same year, the historic Union Station was restored. The Museum of Glass opened in downtown Tacoma in 2002, showcasing glass art from the region and around the world. It includes a functional glassblowing studio.
Tacoma's downtown Cultural District is also the site of the Washington State History Museum (1996) and the Tacoma Art Museum (2003). America's Car Museum is currently breaking ground in Tacoma. The grand glass and steel Tacoma Convention and Trade Center opened in June 2004.
Downtown Tacoma is also host to a thriving theatre district, which is anchored by the 89 year old Pantages Theater. The Broadway Center for the Performing Arts manages the Pantages, as well as the historic Rialto Theater and the Theatre on the Square. Other cultural attractions include the Grand Cinema and the Temple Theatre.
The area around the theatre district has also become the center of Tacoma's lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender culture. Two of the city's gay bars are located here as well as the Rainbow Center.
Interest in living downtown has flourished and downtown Tacoma has seen a significant number of people living downtown.

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: 47.241371, Longitude: -122.459389


Birth

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Savenije, Paul  18 Sep 1964Tacoma Park, Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I13429

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