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Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika



 


Notes: Johannesburg, also known as eGoli (place of gold), is the largest and most populous city in South Africa. The city is affectionately known as "Jo'burg", "Jozi" and "JHB" by South Africans. Johannesburg is the provincial capital of Gauteng, the wealthiest province in South Africa, and which has the largest economy of any metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africa. The city is one of the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the world, and Africa's only officially designated global city (classified as a gamma world city). While often assumed to be South Africa's capital, Johannesburg does not form one of South Africa's three capital cities. Johannesburg does, however, house the South African Constitutional Court - South Africa's highest court.
Johannesburg is the source of a large-scale gold and diamond trade, due to its location on the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills. Johannesburg is also served by O.R. Tambo International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in Africa and a gateway for international air travel to and from the rest of southern Africa.
According to the 2001 Census, the population of the city is more than three million. Johannesburg's land area of 1,644 km² is very large when compared to other cities, resulting in a population density of only 1,962/km². The population of the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area is almost eight million. Johannesburg also encompasses Soweto to the south west, a township that the apartheid government established to accommodate the large number of migrant workers.
History
The region surrounding Johannesburg has been inhabited by man for millions of years. The Sterkfontein Caves, to the north west, have produced the most complete skeleton of a 3.3 million-year old hominid, as well as close to 700 specimens of a closely related species, Australopithecus africanus, among them Mrs Ples, which is between 2.3 and 2.8 million years old.
It is theorised that the Johannesburg region was inhabited by the nomadic Bushmen people, around 100,000 years ago. The Bushmen are said to have lived in the area until the Bantu-speaking people migrated into the area in about 1060 AD. The Bantu people were Iron Age people who domesticated animals, farmed crops, worked metal, made pottery, and lived in organised villages.
The region remained inhabited by both the Bushmen and the Bantu people. When Europeans arrived in the area, small numbers of Boers started farms, but there was no major European settlement until the 1880s, when gold was discovered in the region, triggering a gold rush.
Gold was initially discovered slightly to the east of present-day Johannesburg, in Barberton. Gold prospectors soon discovered that there were even richer gold reefs in the Witwatersrand.
The town was initially much the same as any small prospecting settlement, but, as word spread, people flocked to the area from all other regions of the country, as well as from North America, the United Kingdom, and the rest of Europe. As the value of control of the land increased, tensions developed between the Boers, who founded the town and in whose country (the ZAR) Johannesburg was located during the nineteenth century, and the British, culminating in the Second Anglo-Boer War. The Boers lost the war and control of the area was ceded to the British.
The 1910 declaration of the Union of South Africa paved the way for a more organised mining structure. Later, the South African government instituted a harsh racial system whereby blacks and Indians were heavily taxed, barred from holding skilled jobs, and consequently forced to work as migrant labour on Johannesburg's growing crop of gold mines.
The South African government then instituted a system of forced removals, moving the population of non-European descent into specified areas. It is this system that created the sprawling shantytown of Soweto (South Western Townships), one of the areas where blacks were forced to live during the apartheid era. Nelson Mandela spent many years living in Soweto and his Soweto home in Orlando is currently a major tourist attraction.
Large-scale violence broke out in 1976 when the Soweto Students' Representative Council organised protests against the use of Afrikaans, considered to be the language of the oppressors, as the primary language of instruction in black schools. Police shot into a student march. 1000 people died protesting the apartheid system, in the following 12 months. One of the most famous victims of the massacre, Hector Pieterson, is commemorated with a large Museum dedicated to his memory, in Soweto.
The regulations of apartheid were abandoned in February 1990, and, since the 1994 elections, Johannesburg has been free of discriminatory laws. The black townships have been integrated into the municipal government system, and, to some extent, the suburbs have become multiracial. However, there has been a large-scale migration of businesses and commerce away from the Central Business District and the southern suburbs, in favour of the more affluent northern suburbs. This was fueled by a rise in the crime rate, serious traffic congestion, inadequate public transport, and a more favourable tax environment for landlords in the northern suburbs prior to the integration of the city. Currently the Johannesburg Metropolitan Council is implementing a large scale Inner City Revival project, leading to many business moving back to the inner city.

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: -26.133333, Longitude: 27.9


Birth

Matches 1 to 16 of 16

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Barron, Antony Livingston  03 Apr 1915Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I474414
2 Belinfante, Augusta Emelie Anna  21 Apr 1905Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119289
3 Belinfante, Valentine Rowland  24 Aug 1922Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119290
4 Belinfante, Valentine Sebastian Rowland  18 Apr 1949Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119312
5 Bloom, Solomon Harris  01 Jan 1913Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I673470
6 Halberstadt, Johan Philip  06 Oct 1914Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I474524
7 Halberstadt, Theodora Gerharda Geertruida  23 Dec 1911Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I474611
8 Hartley, Ernest William  08 May 1910Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I474634
9 Hopkins, Shona  Yes, date unknownJohannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I474670
10 Klugkist, Meinard Jacob  07 Nov 1906Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I204605
11 Klugkist, Nanno  07 May 1914Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I204607
12 Krenger, Christian  21 Dec 1826Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I606041
13 Krenger, Rudolf  28 Jan 1821Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I606039
14 Naudé, Muriel Magdalena  10 Nov 1887Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I562234
15 Pretorius, Barend Johannes  10 Jul 1888Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I562329
16 Pretorius, Henning Petrus Cornelis  02 Jan 1893Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I562339

Christened

Matches 1 to 4 of 4

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Christened    Person ID 
1 Krenger, Christian  31 Dec 1826Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I606041
2 Krenger, Rudolf  04 Feb 1821Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I606039
3 Pretorius, Barend Johannes  02 Dec 1888Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I562329
4 Pretorius, Henning Petrus Cornelis  06 Feb 1893Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I562339

Died

Matches 1 to 26 of 26

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Bakkum, Alida Maria  18 Jun 1986Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I10826
2 Belinfante, August Aron  16 Dec 1928Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119284
3 Belinfante, Augusta Emelie Anna  12 Oct 1940Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119289
4 Belinfante, Elisabeth Emelie Catharine  06 Oct 1904Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119287
5 Belinfante, Jacques Maurice Francis  1977Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119288
6 Belinfante, Valentine Rowland  16 Dec 1988Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119290
7 Belinfante, Valentine Sebastian Rowland  20 Jul 1949Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119312
8 van Bruggen, Anna  17 Nov 2013Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I13246
9 Caithness, Edith Constance  30 Oct 1982Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I474878
10 Fontein, Rijkje  14 Feb 1981Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I474931
11 Halberstadt, Hendrik Johan Elize Willem  26 Jan 1969Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I474495
12 Halberstadt, Johan Philip  06 Sep 1955Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I474522
13 Klugkist, Nanno  02 Jun 1959Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I204607
14 Lich, Jan Marius Bruins  1928Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I280401
15 Oppenheimer, Ernest  25 Nov 1957Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I740045
16 Pahlavi, Reza  26 Jul 1944Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I667270
17 Pretorius, Andrew Godfrey  09 Jan 1939Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I562336
18 Pretorius, Jacomiena Jacoba  17 Jan 1978Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119291
19 van Raam, Wilhelmina Catharina  29 Jun 1986Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I274215
20 van Rooyen, Maria Sussanah  26 Dec 1961Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I119309
21 Savenije, Gerardus Bernardus  23 Sep 1971Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I10815
22 Savenije, Henricus Johannes Dominicus Theodorus  16 Aug 2013Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I13235
23 Seebregts, Adrianus Cornelius Petrus  14 Sep 1960Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I655899
24 Seebregts, Robert Martin  1988Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I660732
25 Stulemeijer, Alfons  16 Nov 2003Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I740247
26 Zylstra, Grietje  19 Aug 1929Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika I204604

Married

Matches 1 to 10 of 10

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Barron / Halberstadt  07 Jul 1945Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F184167
2 Belinfante / Pretorius  26 Apr 1947Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F48821
3 Belinfante / Rooyen  02 Feb 1946Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F48819
4 Halberstadt / Caithness  10 Feb 1945Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F184194
5 Halberstadt / Scholtz  24 Mar 1921Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F184215
6 Hartley / Halberstadt  21 Dec 1946Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F184277
7 Kloppenburg / Bijvoet  15 Aug 1951Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F218519
8 Savenije / Bruggen  19 Feb 1966Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F5158
9 Solomon / Belinfante  Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F48820
10 Stiekema / Rattey  09 May 1992Johannesburg, Gauteng, Suid-Afrika F291960

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