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Indiana, USA



 


Notes: Indiana is the 19th U.S. state and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America.
With over six million residents, it is ranked 15th in population and 17th in population density. It is 38th in land area.
Indiana is a diverse state with a few large urban areas and a number of smaller industrial cities. It is known for the Indianapolis 500 American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend, and a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers.
The state's name means "Land of the Indians" and Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in the United States, can be found in southern Indiana
Geography
Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; on the east by Ohio; on the south by Kentucky, with which it shares the Ohio River as a border; and on the west by Illinois. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states.
The northern boundary of the states of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois was originally defined to be a latitudinal line drawn through the southernmost tip of Lake Michigan. Since such a line would not provide Indiana with usable frontage on the lake, its northern border was shifted ten miles north. The northern borders of Ohio and Illinois were also shifted from this original plan.
The 475 mile (764 km) long Wabash River bisects the state from northeast to southwest and has given Indiana a few theme songs, On the Banks of the Wabash, The Wabash Cannonball and Back Home Again, In Indiana. The White River (a tributary of the Wabash, which is a tributary of the Ohio) zigzags through central Indiana.
There are 24 Indiana state parks, nine man-made reservoirs, and hundreds of lakes in the state. Areas under the control and protection of the National Park Service include:
* George Rogers Clark National Historical Park in Vincennes
* Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore near Michigan City
* Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial in Lincoln City
* Hoosier National Forest in Bedford
History
The area of Indiana has been settled since before the development of the Hopewell culture (ca. 100–400 CE). It was part of the Mississippian culture from roughly the year 1000 up to 1400.). The specific Native American tribes that inhabited this territory at that time were primarily the Miami and the Shawnee. The area was claimed for New France in the 17th century, handed over to the Kingdom of Great Britain as part of the settlement at the end of the French and Indian War, given to the United States after the American Revolution, soon after which it became part of the Northwest Territory, then the Indiana Territory, and joined the Union in 1816 as the 19th state. See Northwest Indian War.
Pioneer Era
On June 29, 1816, Indiana adopted a constitution, and on December 11, 1816, became the 19th State to join the Union.
Indiana filled up from the Ohio River north. Emigration, mostly from Kentucky and Ohio, was so rapid that by 1820 the population was 147,176, and by 1830 the sales of public lands for the previous decade reached 3,588,000 acres (5,600 sq mi; 14,500 km²) and the population was 343,031. It had more than doubled since 1820. The first state capital was in the southern Indiana city of Corydon.
Transportation
Down the Mississippi and its tributaries (the Ohio and Wabash) was to be found the sole outlet for the increasing produce of the Middle West, whose waters drained into the great valley. Districts which were not upon streams navigable by even the lightest draught steamboat were economically handicapped. The small, flat boat was their main reliance. Roads suitable for heavy carriage were few up to the middle of the century. The expense and time attending shipment of merchandise from the east at that time were almost prohibitive. To meet this condition, the building of canals (espoused by the constitution of 1816) was long advocated, in emulation of Ohio which took example after New York State. In 1826, Congress granted a strip two and a half miles wide on each side of the proposed canal. A very extensive and ambitious scale of main and lateral canals and turnpikes was advocated in consequence.
Work began on the Wabash and Erie Canal in 1832, on the Whitewater Canal in 1836, on the Central in 1837. Bad financing and "bad times" nearly wrecked the whole scheme; yet, the Wabash and Erie Canal was completed from Toledo to Evansville. It was a great factor in the development of the state, although it brought heavy loss upon the bondholders with the advent of the railroad. Upon completion, the canal actually increased prices of farm products three or fourfold and reduced prices of household needs 60%, a tremendous stimulus to agricultural development. By 1840, the population of the upper Wabash Valley had increased from 12,000 to 270,000. The canal boat that hauled loads of grain east came back loaded with immigrants. In 1846, it is estimated that over thirty families settled every day in the state.
Manufacturing also developed rapidly. In the ten years between 1840 and 1850, the counties bordering the canal increased in population 397%; those more fertile, but more remote, 190%. The tide of trade, which had been heretofore to New Orleans, was reversed and went east. The canal also facilitated and brought emigration from Ohio, New York, and New England, in the newly established counties in the northern two-thirds of the state. Foreign immigration was mostly from Ireland and Germany. Later, this great canal fell into disuse, and finally was abandoned, as railway mileage increased.
In the next ten years, by 1840, of the public domain 9,122,688 acres (14,250 mi²; 36,918 km²) had been sold. But the state was still heavily in debt, although growing rapidly. In 1851 a new constitution (now in force) was adopted. The first constitution was adopted at a convention assembled at Corydon, which had been the seat of government since December, 1813. The original statehouse, built of blue limestone, still stands; but in 1821, the site of the present capital, Indianapolis, was selected by the legislature. It was in the wilds, sixty miles from civilization. By 1910, it was a city of 225,000 inhabitants, and was the largest inland steam and electric railroad center in the United States that was not located on a navigable waterway. No railroad reached it before 1847.

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: 39.766180, Longitude: -86.441050


Birth

Matches 1 to 45 of 45

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Beilharz, James Irvin  22 Mar 1865Indiana, USA I451588
2 Benge, Thomas  27 Dec 1798Indiana, USA I451795
3 Bennett, Richard  21 May 1870Indiana, USA I739645
4 Bouwma, Louwe  27 Sep 1897Indiana, USA I149836
5 Brown, Lydia  Nov 1867Indiana, USA I449395
6 DeYoung, Margaretha  17 Mar 1873Indiana, USA I609373
7 Fielder, Adelia  Abt 1812Indiana, USA I451351
8 Fielder, Brown  May 1893Indiana, USA I449398
9 Fielder, Buelah  Apr 1891Indiana, USA I449397
10 Fielder, Enos  Abt 1808Indiana, USA I451348
11 Fielder, Kenneth  1907Indiana, USA I449400
12 Fielder, Martha  Abt 1815Indiana, USA I451352
13 Fielder, Mary  1906Indiana, USA I449399
14 Fielder, Perry  May 1887Indiana, USA I449396
15 Hacker, Lucinda  Abt 1843Indiana, USA I453210
16 Handley, Jeremiah Washington  15 Aug 1820Indiana, USA I452738
17 Jackson, Michael Joseph  29 Aug 1958Indiana, USA I678615
18 Lindemann, John Christian  1860Indiana, USA I48568
19 Mullican, Dorothy  21 May 1906Indiana, USA I691171
20 NN, Amanda  Abt 1836Indiana, USA I451098
21 NN, Elizabeth  Abt 1846Indiana, USA I451105
22 NN, Lois  1911Indiana, USA I449377
23 Porter, Cole Albert  09 Jun 1891Indiana, USA I691873
24 Reed, Lula D  25 Sep 1897Indiana, USA I46115
25 Reeves, Robert Fletcher  30 Aug 1836Indiana, USA I451802
26 Smith, Joseph Sumner  Abt 1879Indiana, USA I518128
27 Swank, Howard  Abt 1868Indiana, USA I452159
28 Timbrooke, Clara Alice  Nov 1876Indiana, USA I448710
29 Utter, Annie  Abt 1859Indiana, USA I451112
30 Utter, Belle  Abt 1857Indiana, USA I451110
31 Utter, Benton  Abt 1864Indiana, USA I451106
32 Utter, Charles  Abt 1857Indiana, USA I451099
33 Utter, Elvessa Jane  Dec 1852Indiana, USA I450536
34 Utter, Franklin  Abt 1859Indiana, USA I451101
35 Utter, Jennie  Abt 1868Indiana, USA I451107
36 Utter, Leonard  Abt 1864Indiana, USA I451103
37 Utter, Lillyann  Abt 1869Indiana, USA I451104
38 Utter, Mary  Abt 1854Indiana, USA I451109
39 Utter, Nancy Jane  14 Feb 1832Indiana, USA I451095
40 Utter, Oscar  Abt 1861Indiana, USA I451102
41 Walker, Marion A.  1878Indiana, USA I449403
42 Wilber, Arthur W.  1914Indiana, USA I452906
43 Wilber, Joseph O.  1905Indiana, USA I452904
44 Wilber, Mitchell  1907Indiana, USA I452905
45 Wilber, Raymond A.  1904Indiana, USA I452903

Died

Matches 1 to 3 of 3

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Fielder, Robert  Abt 1864Indiana, USA I449382
2 Kucera, Douglas  15 Sep 1987Indiana, USA I607415
3 Steinberg, Adeline Louise  31 Mar 2008Indiana, USA I607418

Married

Matches 1 to 4 of 4

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Doorlag / Hoogerman  24 Nov 1934Indiana, USA F125846
2 Irwin / Edwards  24 Jul 1865Indiana, USA F175346
3 Prow / Oostmeyer  1932Indiana, USA F246130
4 Rienks / NN  1913Indiana, USA F24136

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