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Edmonton, Alberta, Canada



 


Notes: Edmonton is the capital of Alberta, a Canadian province. It is situated in the central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farmland on the prairies. It is the second largest city in Alberta, with a population of 730,372 (200), and is the hub of the country's sixth largest Census Metropolitan Area, with a metropolitan population of 1,034,945 (200), making it the northernmost North American city with a metropolitan population over one million.
At 684 square kilometres (264 sq mi), the City of Edmonton covers an area larger than Chicago, Philadelphia, Toronto or Montreal. Edmonton has one of the lowest population densities in North America, about 9.4% that of New York City. A resident of Edmonton is known as an Edmontonian.
Edmonton serves as the northern anchor of the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor (one of four such regions that together comprise 50% of the Canadian population) and is a staging point for large-scale oilsands projects occurring in northern Alberta and large-scale diamond mining operations in the Northwest Territories.
Edmonton is Canada's second most populous provincial capital (after Toronto) and is a cultural, government and educational centre. It plays host to a year round slate of world-class festivals, earning it the title of "The Festival City". It is home to North America's largest mall and Canada's largest historic park. In 2004, Edmonton celebrated the centennial of its incorporation as a city.
History
Exploration and settlement
The first inhabitants gathered in the area which is now Edmonton around 3,000 BC and perhaps as early as 10,000 BC, when an ice-free corridor opened up as the last ice age ended and timber, water and wildlife became available in the region.
In 1754, Anthony Henday, an explorer working for the Hudson's Bay Company, may have been the first European to enter the Edmonton area. His expeditions across the Canadian Prairies were mainly to seek contact with the aboriginal population for the purpose of establishing fur trade, as competition was fierce between the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company. By 1795, Fort Edmonton was established as a major trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company. It was named after the English hometown, now a part of Greater London, of the HBC deputy governor Sir James Winter Lake. In the late nineteenth century, the highly fertile soils surrounding Edmonton helped attract settlers, further establishing Edmonton as a major regional commercial and agricultural centre. Edmonton was also a major stopping point for people hoping to cash in on the Klondike Gold Rush in 1897.
Incorporated as a city in 1904 with a population of 8,350, Edmonton became the capital of Alberta a year later on September 1, 1905.
The war years
During the early 1910s, Edmonton grew very rapidly due to rising speculation in real estate prices. In 1912, Edmonton amalgamated with the city of Strathcona south of the North Saskatchewan River. As a result, the city extended south of the river.
Just prior to World War I, the real estate boom ended abruptly, causing the city's population to drop sharply from over 72,500 in 1914 to under 54,000 only two years later. Recruitment to the Canadian military during the war also contributed to the drop in population. Afterwards, the city was slow to recover in population and economy during the 1920s and 1930s, until World War II.
The first licensed airfield in Canada, Blatchford Field (now Edmonton City Centre Airport) was started in 1929. Pioneering aviators such as Wop May and Max Ward used Blatchford Field as a major base for the distribution of mail, food and medical supplies to the Canadian North. Hence Edmonton's role as the "Gateway to the North" was strengthened.
World War II saw Edmonton becoming a major base for the construction of the Alaska Highway and the Northwest Staging Route.
The oil boom years
The first major oil discovery in Alberta was made on February 13, 1947 near the town of Leduc to the south of Edmonton. Oil reserves were known as early as 1914 to exist in the southern parts of Alberta but they produced very little oil compared to those around Edmonton. Additional oil reserves were discovered during the late 1940s and the 1950s near the town of Redwater. Because most of Alberta's oil reserves were concentrated in central and northern Alberta, Edmonton became home to most of Alberta's oil industry.
The subsequent oil boom gave Edmonton new status as the Oil Capital of Canada. During the 1950s, the city increased in population from 149,000 to 269,000. After a relatively calm but still prosperous period in the 1960s, the city's growth took on renewed vigour with high world oil prices, triggered by the 1973 oil crisis and the 1979 Iranian Revolution. The oil boom of the 1970s and 1980s ended abruptly with the sharp decline in oil prices on the international market and introduction of the National Energy Program in 1981. The population had reached 521,000 that same year. Although the National Energy Program was later scrapped by the federal government in the mid-1980s, the collapse of world oil prices in 1986 and massive government cutbacks kept the city from making a full economic recovery until the late 1990s.
Recent history
In 1981, West Edmonton Mall, which was at the time the world's largest mall, opened. Still the biggest in North America, the mall is Alberta's most-visited tourist attraction, and contains an indoor amusement park, a large indoor waterpark, a skating rink, and a luxury hotel in addition to over eight hundred shops and services.
On July 31, 1987, a devastating tornado, ranked as an F4 on the Fujita scale, hit the city and killed twenty-seven people. The storm blew CN rail cars off a bridge crossing the North Saskatchewan River and hit the areas of Beaumont, Mill Woods, Bannerman, Fraser, and the Evergreen Trailer Park. The day became known as "Black Friday". Then-mayor Laurence Decore cited the community's response to the tornado as evidence that Edmonton was a "city of champions", which later became the city's slogan.
The city entered its current period of economic recovery and prosperity by the late 1990s, helped by a strong recovery in oil prices and further economic diversification. While oil production and refining remains the basis of many jobs in Edmonton, the city's economy has managed to diversify significantly. The downtown core and parts of the inner city, after years of extremely high office vacancy rates and neglect, have recovered to a great degree. It is still undergoing a renaissance of its own, with further new projects underway or about to become reality, and more people choosing to live in or near the downtown core.
This economic prosperity is bringing in large numbers of workers from around Canada. It is forecast that 83,000 new residents will move to Edmonton between 2006 and 2010, twice the rate that city planners had expected. Many of the new workers moving to the city are young men..

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: 53.566666, Longitude: -113.516666


Birth

Matches 1 to 3 of 3

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Halliday, Dale  Yes, date unknownEdmonton, Alberta, Canada I746292
2 Sagar Campbell, Paul Dr  16 Apr 1912Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I67055
3 Schrijver, Suzen  19 Jan 1954Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I36271

Died

Matches 1 to 21 of 21

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Boekholt, Roelfien  16 Sep 2009Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I200
2 Bok, Jan Alberts  29 Oct 1970Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I242
3 Bok, Jantje  19 Nov 1988Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I64923
4 Curtis, Clark Edward  01 Aug 1983Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I119200
5 Curtis, Dwight Wesley  15 Jan 1984Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I119198
6 Dekker, Jacoba  02 Dec 2008Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I643542
7 Dieterman, Hindrik  1987Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I139284
8 van Ee, Jan  Yes, date unknownEdmonton, Alberta, Canada I35493
9 Foekens, Martje  28 Oct 1960Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I338052
10 Heijnsbroek, Johanna Jacoba  1995Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I35687
11 de Hoop, Geessien  07 Jun 1983Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I317179
12 van Huis, Mietje Grietje  Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I791101
13 Kostelijk, Jan  09 Dec 1986Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I180006
14 Schrijver, Suzen  22 Jan 1954Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I36271
15 Sieswerda, Auke  16 May 2008Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I547640
16 Sieswerda, Fokko  23 Jan 1992Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I317178
17 Sieswerda, Jan  12 Jun 1992Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I547642
18 Tabak, Gerrit  06 May 1989Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I643541
19 Tabak, Roelof  22 May 2000Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I643432
20 Wage, Aaltje Roelfiena  Bef 05 Dec 1998Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I522313
21 van Woudenberg, Cornelia  31 Oct 2009Edmonton, Alberta, Canada I523707

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