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Toronto, Ontario, Canada



 


Notes: Toronto is a city in southern Ontario, Canada. Located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario, it is the home of the provincial government, the largest city in Canada and the fifth largest city in North America. As of the 2006 Canadian census, the city's population is 2,503,281 and its census metropolitan area (CMA) has a population of 5,113,149. Toronto is known to be the most multicultural city in the world, with the United Nations designating Toronto as the "most ethnically-diverse city" five times in a row. The 2006 census population of the old, pre-amalgamated City of Toronto is 680,995. The Greater Toronto Area (GTA), a provincial planning area that differs from the federal CMA, had a population of 5,555,912 at the 2006 Canadian Census. Toronto is the economic centre of the Greater Golden Horseshoe, a large urbanized region of 8.1 million people, spreading outwards from the western shores of Lake Ontario. Residents of Toronto are called Torontonians.
As Canada's economic capital, Toronto is considered a global city. Toronto's leading economic sectors include finance, business services, telecommunications, aerospace, transportation, media, arts, film, television production, publishing, software production, medical research, education, tourism and sports industries. The Toronto Stock Exchange, the world's sixth largest, is headquartered in the city, along with a majority of Canada's corporations.
Toronto's professional sports teams include the Toronto Maple Leafs, Toronto Raptors, Toronto Blue Jays, Toronto Argonauts, Toronto FC, and Toronto Rock. Toronto's skyline is defined by the CN Tower, the world's tallest freestanding structure. Toronto's population is cosmopolitan and international, which reflects its role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. Because of its low crime rates, clean environment and generally high standard of living, Toronto is consistently rated one of the world's most livable cities by the Economist Intelligence Unit and the Mercer Quality of Living Survey. In 2006, Toronto was ranked as the most expensive city in Canada to live in.
History
When Europeans first arrived at the site of present-day Toronto, the vicinity was inhabited by the Huron tribes, who by then had displaced the Iroquois tribes that occupied the region for centuries before c. 1500. The name Toronto is likely derived from the Iroquois word tkaronto, meaning "place where trees stand in the water". It refers to the northern end of what is now Lake Simcoe, where the Huron had planted tree saplings to corral fish. A portage route from Lake Ontario to Lake Huron running through this point led to widespread use of the name.
French traders founded Fort Rouillé on the current Exhibition grounds in 1750, but abandoned it in 1759. During the American Revolutionary War, the region saw an influx of British settlers as United Empire Loyalists fled for the unsettled lands north of Lake Ontario. In 1787, the British negotiated the Toronto Purchase with the Mississaugas of New Credit, thereby securing more than a quarter million acres of land in the Toronto area.
In 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York on the existing settlement, naming it after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Simcoe chose the town to replace Newark as the capital of Upper Canada, believing the new site would be less vulnerable to attack by the Americans. Fort York was constructed at the entrance of the town's natural harbour, sheltered by a long sand-bar peninsula. The town's settlement formed at the eastern end of the harbour behind the peninsula, near the present-day Parliament Street and Front Street.
In 1813, as part of the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended in the town's capture and plunder by American forces. The surrender of the town was negotiated by John Strachan. American soldiers destroyed much of Fort York and set fire on the parliament buildings during their five-day occupation.
With a population of only 9,000 inhabitants, York was incorporated as the City of Toronto on March 6, 1834, reverting to its original native name. Reformist politician William Lyon Mackenzie became the first Mayor of Toronto, and led the unsuccessful Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837 against the British colonial government. The city grew rapidly through the remainder of the 19th century, as a major destination for immigrants to Canada. The first significant population influx occurred with the Irish potato famine between 1846 and 1849 that brought a large number of Irish diaspora into the city, some of them transient and most of them Catholic. By 1851, the Irish-born population had become the largest single ethnic group in the city. Smaller numbers of Protestant Irish immigrants were welcomed by the existing Scottish and English population, giving the Orange Order significant influence over Toronto society.
Toronto was twice for brief periods the capital of the united Province of Canada first from 1849-1852, following unrest in Montreal and later 1856-1858 after which Quebec became capital until just a year prior to Confederation, since then it has been Ottawa. As it had been for Upper Canada from 1793, Toronto became the capital of the province of Ontario after its official creation in 1867 and has remained so since with the Ontario Legislature located at Queen's Park. Because of its capital status, the city has also always been the location of Government House, the residence of the vice-regal representative of the Crown.
The city began to rapidly industrialize in the middle of the 19th century. An extensive sewage system was built, and streets became illuminated with gas lighting as a regular service. Long-distance railway lines were constructed, including a route completed in 1854 linking Toronto with the Upper Great Lakes. The Grand Trunk Railway and the Great Northern Railway joined in the building of the first Union Station in downtown. The advent of the railway dramatically increased the numbers of immigrants arriving and commerce, as had the Lake Ontario steamers and schooners entering the port. Horse-drawn streetcars gave way to electric streetcars in 1891, when the city granted the operation of the transit franchise to the Toronto Railway Company later re-named the current Toronto Transit Commission, now with the third highest ridership of any city public transportation system in North America.
The Great Toronto Fire of 1904 destroyed a large section of downtown Toronto, but the city was quickly rebuilt. The fire had cost more than $10 million in damage, and led to more stringent fire safety laws and the expansion of the city's fire department.
The city received new immigrant groups beginning in the late 19th century into early 20th century, particularly Germans, Italians, and Jews from various parts of Eastern Europe. They were soon followed by Chinese, Russians, Poles and immigrants from other Eastern European nations, as the Irish before them, many of these new migrants lived in overcrowded shanty type slums, such as the "the Ward" which was between Bay Street, now the heart of the country finances and the Discovery District, considered one of the world's most advanced medical research zones. Despite its fast paced growth, by the 1920s, Toronto's population and economic importance in Canada remained second to the much longer established Montreal. However, by 1934 the Toronto Stock Exchange had become the largest in the country.
Following the Second World War, refugees from war-torn Europe arrived as did construction labourers particularly from Italy and Portugal. Following elimination of racially based immigration policies by the late 1960s, immigration began from all parts of the world. Toronto's population grew to more than one million in 1951 when large-scale suburbanization began, and doubled to two million by 1971. By the 1980s, Toronto had surpassed Montreal as Canada's most populous city and the chief economic hub. During this time, in part due to the political uncertainty raised by the resurgence of the Quebec sovereignty movement, many national and multinational corporations moved their head offices from Montreal to Toronto and other western Canadian cities.
In 1954, the City of Toronto was federated into a regional government known as Metropolitan Toronto. The postwar boom had resulted in rapid suburban development, and it was believed that a coordinated land use strategy and shared services would provide greater efficiency for the region. The metropolitan government began to manage services that crossed municipal boundaries, including highways, water and public transit. In 1967, the seven smallest municipalities of the region were merged into their larger neighbours, resulting in a six-city configuration that included the old City of Toronto and the surrounding municipalities of East York, Etobicoke, North York, Scarborough and York. In 1998, the metropolitan government was dissolved and the six municipalities were amalgamated into a single municipality, creating the current City of Toronto, where David Miller is the current Mayor.

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: 43.65, Longitude: -79.383333


Birth

Matches 1 to 6 of 6

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Ingram, Gordon Karl  02 Jan 1919Toronto, Ontario, Canada I88772
2 McCarthy, Meaghan Agnes Gartland  16 Jun 2006Toronto, Ontario, Canada I444839
3 Printer, Elsie Charlotte  01 Jan 1873Toronto, Ontario, Canada I684480
4 Smith, Gladys Marie  08 Apr 1892Toronto, Ontario, Canada I684478
5 Smith, John Charles  18 Aug 1896Toronto, Ontario, Canada I684481
6 Valpy, Michael Granville  Yes, date unknownToronto, Ontario, Canada I680024

Christened

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Christened    Person ID 
1 McCarthy, Meaghan Agnes Gartland  24 Sep 2006Toronto, Ontario, Canada I444839

Died

Matches 1 to 11 of 11

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Alkema, Hendrik  25 Oct 1982Toronto, Ontario, Canada I548949
2 Ariaans, Bertha  07 Jun 1986Toronto, Ontario, Canada I531791
3 de Bartok, Ernest Ladislaus  18 Nov 1966Toronto, Ontario, Canada I302313
4 de Bartok, Ronald Achilles Emeric  01 Sep 1969Toronto, Ontario, Canada I302311
5 Bomers, Bernardus Otto Hermanus  05 Oct 1969Toronto, Ontario, Canada I719282
6 Broer, Willemina Gezina  1962Toronto, Ontario, Canada I503594
7 Engelsman, Lukas  17 Apr 1957Toronto, Ontario, Canada I240152
8 Ingram, Gordon Karl  11 Dec 1996Toronto, Ontario, Canada I88772
9 McCarthy, Meaghan Agnes Gartland  13 Sep 2011Toronto, Ontario, Canada I444839
10 Meijer, Mozes  28 Apr 1987Toronto, Ontario, Canada I53239
11 Paisley, Jared  1891Toronto, Ontario, Canada I448925

Married

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Ingram / Spears  08 Apr 1943Toronto, Ontario, Canada F35997

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