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Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia



 


Notes: Surabaya (formerly Soerabaja) is Indonesia's second-largest city, and the capital of the province of East Java. It is located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River and at the side of the Madura Strait.
The city is one of the busiest ports in the country. Its principal exports include sugar, tobacco and coffee. It has a large shipyard, and numerous specialized naval schools.
Etymology
Surabaya is commonly said to derive its name from the words sura (shark) and baya (crocodile), two creatures which, in a local myth, fight each other in order to gain the title of "the strongest and most powerful animal in the area according to Jayabaya (1200 M) prophecy. This prophecy tells about big fighting between giant white shark and giant white crocodile in seizing the city upstream. Now the two animals are used as the city's logo, the two facing each other while circling the city's monument, the Tugu Pahlawan (Heroes' monument). This folk etymology, though embraced enthusiastically by city leaders, is somewhat dubious. Alternate derivations proliferate: e.g. from the Javanese sura ing baya, meaning "bravely facing danger". Some people consider this Jayabaya prophecy as a big war between Surabaya native people and invaders in 1945, while another story is about two heroes that fought each other in order to be the king of the city. The two heroes were Sura and Baya.
History
In the fifteenth and sixteenth century, Surabaya was a sultanate and a major political and military power in eastern Java. It entered a conflict with, and was later captured by, the more powerful Sultanate of Mataram in 1625 under Sultan Agung. It was one of Mataram's fiercest campaigns, in which they had to conquer Surabaya's allies, Sukadana and Madura and to lay siege to the city before capturing it. With this conquest, Mataram then controlled almost the whole of Java, with the exception of the Sultanate of Banten and the Dutch settlement of Batavia.
The expanding East Indies Companies took the city over from a weakened Mataram in November 1743. Surabaya became a major trading center under the Dutch colonial government, and hosted the largest naval base in the colony.
In 1917 a revolt occurred amongst the soldiers and sailors of Surabaya, led by the Indies Social Democratic Association. The revolt was firmly crushed and the insurgents given harsh sentences.
During World War II Surabaya was captured by the Japanese in 1942, until the Allies bombed it in 1944. After that it was seized by Indonesian nationalists. However, the young nation was soon put into conflict with the Allied-backed Dutch who tried to retake their colony. The Battle of Surabaya was one of the most important battles of the Indonesian revolution. It was started after British Brigadier General Mallaby was killed in a car explosion in October 30, 1945 near Jembatan Merah (the "Red Bridge"). The Allies gave an ultimatum to the Indonesian freedom fighters inside the city to surrender, but this was refused. The ensuing battle took place on 10 November, nowadays celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
The city was then re-occupied by the Dutch in 1947. Because of prolonged international pressure, the Dutch agreed to transfer sovereignty of its colony in August 1949. Surabaya was ultimately incorporated into Indonesia in December 1949 and rebuilt.
The city
As the main seaport and commercial center in the eastern region of Indonesia, Surabaya has become one of the largest cities in Southeast Asia. Today, Surabaya's population is around three million, and the surrounding metropolitan area houses at least 5 million. The areas surrounding Surabaya include Lamongan to the northwest, Gresik to the west, Bangkalan to the northeast, Sidoarjo to the south, and Mojokerto and Jombang to the southwest.
Currently, the Indonesian government is building the Suramadu Bridge between Surabaya and the island of Madura; when completed, it will be the longest bridge in the country. Madura is currently accessible by a ferry service that operates regularly from Surabaya's port, Tanjung Perak (which literally means: "Silver Cape" in Indonesian).
Surabaya is home to the Eastern Armada, one of two in the Indonesian Navy. Its strong maritime heritage is also reflected with the Submarine Monument, a real retired Russian submarine, called Pasopati, that was converted into a museum ship in the city centre.
Flooding is common in many areas of the city during the rainy season, mostly caused by clogged sewers and inept bureaucracy. The fact that Surabaya is located in a river delta and has a flat and relatively low elevation doesn't help the matter either.
Surabaya is the location of the only synagogue in Indonesia, although it is currently inactive.
Surabaya's zoo, opened in 1916, was the first in the world to have successfully bred orangutans in captivity.
Other points of interest include:
* Grand Mosque of Surabaya, the largest mosque in East Java
* Cheng Ho Mosque, the first mosque in Indonesia built with a Chinese style architecture
* Jales Veva Jaya Mahe Monument, a large, admiral-like statue which commemorates the Indonesian Navy
* Mpu Tantular Museum, has a large collection of ancient Javanese artifacts
Demographics
Surabaya is the second most populous city in Indonesia, after Jakarta. The city is highly urbanized, due to the many industries located in the city, and as a result, there is also a large slum area. As the main education centre, Surabaya has been the home for many students from around Indonesia, thus they have created their own community. Also, Surabaya is the main commercial regionally, hence many outsiders live in Surabaya.
Ethnicity
Most of its population are of Javanese descent. Notable minorities include Balinese, Madurese from nearby Madura Island and Chinese Indonesians.
Language
Most citizens speak a unique dialect of Javanese called Surabayan. This dialect is noted for equality and directness in speech. The usage of register is less strict than the Central Javan dialect. The Surabaya dialect is actively promoted in local media, such as in local TV shows, radio and traditional dramas called Loedroek. The Madurese language influences the Surabayan dialect of Javanese spoken in the streets.

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: -7.233333, Longitude: 112.733333


Birth

Matches 1 to 50 of 97

1 2 Next»

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 van Aalderen, Jacoba Netty  10 Jan 1909Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I477113
2 Baud, Jan Willem Carel Ricus Theodor  16 Apr 1838Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I187479
3 Bonebakker, Clara Johanna  Abt 1904Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I457019
4 van Bosstraeten, Charles Pierre François  14 Jul 1849Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I12413
5 Bouricius, Eugenie Caroline Elise  05 Apr 1862Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I591525
6 Burgemeestre, Claude Philip  12 May 1848Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604889
7 Cramer, Catharina Johanna  1883Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I253830
8 Dalmeijer, Johanna Jacoba  08 Jul 1914Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I581296
9 Douwes Dekker, Elisabeth Agnes Everdina  01 Jun 1857Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I191488
10 Douwes Dekker, Guido Henri Wouter  01 Mar 1908Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I191574
11 Douwes Dekker, Hanna Margaretha Nellie  10 Jan 1907Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I191571
12 van Duijn, Johannes Cornelis  Cal 1906Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I683909
13 Elenbaas, Jacob Willem  04 May 1933Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I196348
14 van Emmerik, Isonline Theodore Jacomine  10 Jul 1911Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I144713
15 Everard, Hermanus Evert  21 Feb 1881Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I465985
16 Everard, Laurina Frederika Theresia  Abt 1872Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I629700
17 Everard, Maria Theresia Jacoba  25 Jan 1883Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I59822
18 Everard, Theodora Maria  04 Nov 1875Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I693108
19 Gieseke, Christina Frederika  Abt 1856Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I702454
20 Greydanus, Boukje Antje  13 Oct 1918Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I399682
21 Helmers, Willem Alfred  12 Jul 1917Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I560582
22 Hilling, Sophia Louisa  22 Jan 1894Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I262223
23 Hoedt, Aletta Johanna Adriana  20 Jan 1855Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I771748
24 Holthuis, Anneke  03 Aug 1918Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I186757
25 Holthuis, Cobie  30 Apr 1920Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I186758
26 Homans, Anna Elize  27 May 1871Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I405191
27 van Hoogstraten, Carla Alfrieda Arda  19 May 1931Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I787327
28 Houtsma, Anna Hendrika  25 Jul 1903Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I184545
29 Johan, Eugenie  20 Aug 1844Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I671459
30 van Kappen, Alphonsus Josephus Hendrikus  08 May 1893Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I748683
31 Kauffeld, Anna Elise  14 Oct 1923Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I124452
32 Kessing, Tilly  24 May 1917Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I259464
33 Knies, Louisa Hermina Jacoba  29 Sep 1916Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I481063
34 de Kock, Jkvr. Adriana Jacqueline  28 Feb 1809Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I286404
35 Kramer, Isoline Theodore Jacomine  22 Jan 1879Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I3638
36 Kramer, Nina  09 Mar 1885Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I117718
37 Lambrechtsen, Nicolaas Theodore  22 Sep 1939Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I581103
38 van Leeuwen, Wilhelmus Frederik  18 Apr 1860Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I427100
39 Lugtenberg, Anna Jacoba  09 Aug 1866Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I17413
40 Luurtsema, Dado Geert  14 Feb 1948Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I784883
41 Mac Gillavry, Charles  25 Sep 1854Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I560243
42 Mac Gillavry, Clara Juliana  15 Jan 1854Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604881
43 Mac Gillavry, Donald Robert Henry  11 May 1910Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604381
44 Mac Gillavry, Eleonore Elisabeth  25 Mar 1853Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I560242
45 Mac Gillavry, Elisabeth Cornelia  15 Sep 1852Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604880
46 Mac Gillavry, Ellen  17 Oct 1920Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I481176
47 Mac Gillavry, Emile Willem Leonard  13 Jun 1913Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604383
48 Mac Gillavry, Eugénie Victoriën  22 May 1915Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604393
49 Mac Gillavry, Jeanne Hendryette  28 Mar 1917Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604394
50 Mac Gillavry, Robert  04 May 1915Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I481062

1 2 Next»



Died

Matches 1 to 36 of 36

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 de Booij, Antoine Frederic  26 Oct 1945Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I191199
2 Bousquet, Frederique Jeanne Louise  30 Jun 1839Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I561379
3 Bouwmeester, Frederik Antonius Louis  17 Feb 1906Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I485754
4 ten Broeke, Eliza  12 Nov 1911Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I426683
5 Busio, Gabriel  26 Oct 1844Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I499160
6 Chömpff, Frederik Herman  10 Sep 1909Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I745669
7 Cornets de Groot, Adriaan David  01 Nov 1827Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I680746
8 Couperus, Abraham  Jul 1813Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I187509
9 Daendels, Augustus Derk  29 May 1853Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I360165
10 Douwes Dekker, Hanna Margaretha Nellie  22 Sep 1945Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I191571
11 van der Hagen, Jan Francis  27 Nov 1868Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I121933
12 Halberstadt, Robert Christiaan  03 Feb 1942Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I474597
13 Hilling, Anton Heinrich  19 Oct 1895Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I262224
14 Hoedt, Aletta Johanna Adriana  25 Sep 1918Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I771748
15 van Hogendorp, Leonie Susanne Charlotte  13 Jul 1852Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I286395
16 Jansen, Eduard Ferdinand Lodewijk  04 Jun 1945Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I640399
17 Johan, Eugenie  15 May 1887Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I671459
18 Kramer, Jacob Neptun  12 Jul 1887Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I117716
19 van de Leur, Nathalie Kraijenhoff  23 May 1926Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I124454
20 Luijks, Lambertus Pieter  15 Sep 1904Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I194814
21 Mac Gillavry, Eleonore Elisabeth  27 Aug 1886Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I560242
22 Mac Gillavry, Elisabeth Cornelia  05 Sep 1925Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604880
23 Mac Gillavry, Eugénie Mathilda  15 Jun 1932Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604882
24 von Magius, Statius Henricus Julius Cäsar  14 Feb 1907Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I604887
25 Mauve, Martha  18 Jan 1943Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I191198
26 Meijer, Otto Georg  19 Oct 1832Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I16941
27 Mispelblom Beijer, Julius Florentius Isidore Mari  08 Jan 1897Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I771744
28 Neubronner, Louise  06 Mar 1845Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I427169
29 Neubronner van der Tuuk, Herman  17 Aug 1894Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I427194
30 van Oppenraaij, George Willem Adrien  07 Jan 1915Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I40219
31 Senn van Basel, Pieter  2 Dec 1879Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I666888
32 Speekenbrink, Adrianus  04 Dec 1941Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I238702
33 Terwindt, Arnoldus Gerrardus  14 Jun 1892Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I430620
34 Thomas, Albert Abraham  28 Nov 1850Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I671372
35 Vortman, Albert  04 Apr 1946Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I556394
36 Vos, Wobbe  15 Jun 1946Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I255887

Other

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Other    Person ID 
1 Luijks, B.  15 Sep 1904Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I581835

Occupation

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Occupation    Person ID 
1 Wessels, Harmannus Henderikus Antonius  Between 1928 and 1940Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I69734

Mentioning

Matches 1 to 2 of 2

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Mentioning    Person ID 
1 Luijks, B.  15 Sep 1904Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I581834
2 Luijks, Emma  15 Sep 1904Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia I581833

Married

Matches 1 to 23 of 23

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Alphen / Vignon  1798Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F142981
2 Angenent / Kalimah  21 Jul 1950Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F140805
3 Chömpff / Duijvenbode Varkevisser  21 Mar 1929Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F281882
4 Douwes Dekker / Steehouwer  28 Mar 1906Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F76562
5 Duijts / Brouwer  02 Aug 1940Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F225851
6 Everard / Van Krieken  21 Oct 1868Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F263988
7 Kauffeld / Wenniger  10 Oct 1919Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F50735
8 Mac Gillavry / NN  30 Jun 1915Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F232518
9 Mac Gillavry / Zeijl  26 Aug 1908Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F231195
10 Mispelblom Beijer / Hoedt  28 Apr 1876Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F290964
11 Mispelblom Beijer / Thiel  09 Feb 1905Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F295453
12 Mulder / Authier  29 Aug 1906Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F185607
13 Perin / Bouwmeester  14 Jan 1929Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F189116
14 Schukking / Bosstraeten  07 Jan 1850Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F4817
15 Thiel / Mispelblom Beijer  25 Oct 1906Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F277389
16 THOMAS / Johan  05 Mar 1862Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F255948
17 Thomas / Klasing  23 Jul 1896Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F255921
18 Thomas / Schalk  12 May 1849Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F255919
19 Verdier / Kessing  24 May 1939Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F68066
20 Voorst tot Voorst / Benthem van den Bergh  29 Nov 1873Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F143208
21 Wenniger / Leur  10 Mar 1894Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F50736
22 Wortelboer / Heyningen  08 Aug 1935Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F65946
23 Zieck / Oort  05 Jun 1929Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F233329

Divorced

Matches 1 to 2 of 2

   Family    Divorced    Family ID 
1 Berge / Dassen  24 Oct 1928Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F271282
2 Kramer / Mispelblom Beijer  15 Dec 1886Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F48183

Marriage Fact

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Family    Marriage Fact    Family ID 
1 Kappen / Bok  08 Mar 1892Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia F282792

Calendar

 


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