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Roma, Italia



 


Notes: Rome (Italian: Roma) is the capital city of Italy and of the Lazio region, as well as the country's largest and most populous comune, with about 2.5 million residents. Its metropolitan area is Italy's third, after Milan and Naples. It is located in the central-western portion of the Italian peninsula, where the river Aniene joins the Tiber. The current Mayor of Rome is Walter Veltroni.
According to legend, the city of Rome was founded by the twins Romulus and Remus on April 21, 753 BC. Archaeological evidence supports claims that Rome was inhabited since the 8th century BC and earlier. The city was the cradle of Roman civilization that produced the largest and longest-lasting empire of classical antiquity. The city was pivotal and responsible for the spread of Greco-Roman culture that endures to this day. Rome is also identified with the Catholic Church and the holders of its episcopal seat are the popes. An enclave of Rome is the State of the Vatican City, the sovereign territory of the Holy See and smallest nation in the world.
Rome, Caput mundi ("capital of the world"), la Città Eterna ("the Eternal City"), Limen Apostolorum ("threshold of the Apostles"), la città dei sette colli ("the city of the seven hills") or simply l'Urbe ("the City"), is thoroughly modern and cosmopolitan. As one of the few major European cities that escaped World War II relatively unscathed, central Rome remains essentially Renaissance and Baroque in character. The Historic Centre of Rome is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
History
The founding of Rome is shrouded in legend such as the story of Romulus and Remus, but archaeological evidence supports the theory that Rome grew from pastoral settlements on the Palatine Hill and in the area of the future Roman Forum, coalescing into a city in the 8th century BC. That city developed into the capital of the Roman Kingdom (ruled by a succession of seven kings, according to tradition), Roman Republic (from 510 BC, governed by the Senate), and finally the Roman Empire (from 31 BC, ruled by an Emperor); this success depended on military conquest, commercial predominance, as well as selective assimilation of neighboring civilizations, most notably the Etruscans and Greeks. Roman dominance expanded over most of Europe and the shores of the Mediterranean sea, while its population surpassed one million inhabitants. For almost a thousand years, Rome was the most politically important, richest and largest city in the Western world, and remained so after the Empire started to decline and was split, even if it ultimately lost its capital status to Milan and then Ravenna, and was surpassed in prestige by the Eastern capital Constantinople.
Fall of the Empire and rise of the Papacy
With the rise of early Christianity, the Bishop of Rome gained religious as well as political importance, eventually becoming known as the Pope and establishing Rome as the centre of the Catholic Church. After the Sack of Rome (410) by Alaric I and the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, Rome alternated between Byzantine rule and plundering by Germanic barbarians. Its population declined to a mere 20,000 during the Early Middle Ages, reducing the sprawling city to groups of inhabited buildings interspersed among large areas of ruins and vegetation. Rome remained nominally part of the Byzantine Empire until 751 AD when the Lombards finally abolished the Exarchate of Ravenna. In 756, Pepin the Short gave the pope temporal jurisdiction over Rome and surrounding areas, thus creating the Papal States.
Rome remained the capital of the Papal States until its annexation into the Kingdom of Italy in 1870; the city became a major pilgrimage site during the Middle Ages and the focus of struggles between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire starting with Charlemagne, who was crowned its first emperor in Rome on Christmas 800 AD by Pope Leo III. Apart from brief periods as an independent city during the Middle Ages, Rome kept its status of Papal capital and "holy city" for centuries, even when the Pope briefly relocated to Avignon (1309–1337). While no longer politically powerful, as tragically shown by the brutal sack of 1527, the city flourished as a hub of cultural and artistic activity during the Renaissance and the Baroque, under the patronage of the Papal court. Population rose again and reached 100,000 during the 17th century, but Rome ultimately lagged behind the rest of the European capitals over the subsequent centuries, being largely busy in the Counter-Reformation process.
From unification to Fascism
Caught up in the nationalistic turmoils of the 19th century and having twice gained and lost a short-lived independence, Rome became the focus of the hopes for Italian unification, as propelled by the Kingdom of Italy ruled by King Vittorio Emanuele II; after the French protection was lifted in 1870, royal troops stormed the city, and Rome was declared capital of the newly unified Italy in 1871. After a victorious World War I, Rome witnessed the rise to power of Italian fascism guided by Benito Mussolini, who marched on the city in 1922, eventually declared a new Empire and allied Italy with Nazi Germany. This was a period of rapid growth in population, from the 212,000 people at the time of unification to more than 1,000,000, but this trend was halted by World War II, during which Rome was damaged by both Allied forces bombing and Nazi occupation; after the execution of Mussolini and the end of the war, a 1946 referendum abolished the monarchy in favor of the Italian Republic.
Republican times
Rome grew momentously after the war, as one of the driving forces behind the "Italian economic miracle" of post-war reconstruction and modernization. It became a fashionable city in the 1950's and early 1960's, the years of "la Dolce Vita" ("the sweet life"), and a new rising trend in population continued till the mid-1980's, when the comune had more than 2,800,000 residents; after that, population started to slowly decline as more residents moved to nearby comuni; this has been attributed to their perceiving a decrease in the quality of life, especially because of the continuously jammed traffic and the worsening pollution it brings about.

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: 41.9, Longitude: 12.5


Birth

Matches 1 to 7 of 7

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Antonius, Marcus  14 Jan 83 B.C.Roma, Italia I230070
2 Bourbon Del Monte, Virginia  24 May 1899Roma, Italia I258426
3 Caesar, Gaius Julius  13 Jul 100 B.C.Roma, Italia I230068
4 van Rees, Aditya  08 Jun 1906Roma, Italia I755273
5 Rossellini, Roberto Gastone Zettino  08 May 1906Roma, Italia I677295
6 Torlonia, Alessandro  07 Dec 1911Roma, Italia I685382
7 Torlonia, Marina  22 Oct 1916Roma, Italia I685410

Christened

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Christened    Person ID 
1 Lopis de Suasso, David  28 Aug 1834Roma, Italia I255528

Died

Matches 1 to 25 of 25

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 van Arlon, Hendrik Ii  Aug 1167Roma, Italia I29961
2 van Beauvau, Louis  27 Nov 1465Roma, Italia I95387
3 Belinfante, Frederik Peter  06 Feb 1997Roma, Italia I118379
4 Bonaparte, Napoleon Joseph Charles  17 Mar 1891Roma, Italia I689642
5 de Bourbon Battenberg, Beatriz  22 Nov 2002Roma, Italia I685383
6 de Bourbon Habsburg Lorraine, Alfonso XIII  28 Feb 1941Roma, Italia I685385
7 Brenninkmeijer, Bernard Joseph  27 Apr 1945Roma, Italia I285456
8 Caesar, Gaius Julius  15 Mar 44 B.C.Roma, Italia I230068
9 Clevers, Hendricus  Yes, date unknownRoma, Italia I67465
10 Dobbelmann, Theresia Cecilia Hubertina Maria  03 May 1972Roma, Italia I256758
11 Jauberthon, Anne Marie  1845Roma, Italia I688369
12 Linthorst Homan, Johannes  06 Nov 1986Roma, Italia I430931
13 van Montpellier, Maria  Between 20 Apr 1213 and 1230Roma, Italia I29811
14 van Nassau Dillenburg, Hendrik  Abt 1450Roma, Italia I97747
15 Of Media Atropatene, Artavasdes II  Abt 20 B.C.Roma, Italia I341366
16 Paltrow, Bruce Weigert  03 Oct 2002Roma, Italia I681650
17 van Poitou Aquitanie, Agnes  14 Dec 1077Roma, Italia I19431
18 Pol, Talitha Dina  14 Jul 1971Roma, Italia I687296
19 Ramolino, Letizia  02 Feb 1836Roma, Italia I669283
20 Regout, Louis Hubert Willem  29 Oct 1915Roma, Italia I56534
21 Rossellini, Roberto Gastone Zettino  03 Jun 1977Roma, Italia I677295
22 Rutten, Felix Jean Joseph Hubert Dr.  22 Dec 1971Roma, Italia I189309
23 von Sachsen, Otto Ii  07 Dec 983Roma, Italia I30082
24 Schaepman, Herman Johan Aloysius Maria Dr. Theol.  21 Jan 1903Roma, Italia I63790
25 Torlonia, Alessandro  01 May 1986Roma, Italia I685382

Buried

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Buried    Person ID 
1 van Poitou Aquitanie, Agnes  Roma, Italia I19431

Occupation

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Occupation    Person ID 
1 Schaepman, Herman Johan Aloysius Maria Dr. Theol.  1869Roma, Italia I63790

Married

Matches 1 to 5 of 5

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Marone Cinzano / Bourbon Battenberg  01 Sep 1940Roma, Italia F262595
2 Oostenrijk / Portugal  16 Mar 1452Roma, Italia F39147
3 Power / Welter  27 Jun 1949Roma, Italia F260789
4 Sachsen / Bijzantium  014 Apr 972Roma, Italia F11600
5 Torlonia / Bourbon Battenberg  14 Jan 1935Roma, Italia F261000

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