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Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA



 


Notes: Cincinnati is a city in southwestern Ohio, in the United States of America, that lies on the Ohio River. It is the county seat of Hamilton County.GR6 Cincinnati is Ohio's third largest city, behind Columbus and Cleveland. However, Greater Cincinnati stands as the second largest metro region in Ohio, just behind Cleveland. Greater Cincinnati region's population has grown 4.7 percent since 2000 - and is on pace to surpass the Cleveland Metropolitan area in population sometime this year, according to census estimates.
As of 2005, Cincinnati's population was 331,310, making it the third largest city in Ohio and the 56th largest in the United States. It has a much larger metropolitan area, commonly called "Greater Cincinnati", which covers parts of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. As of July 1, 2005, the U.S. Census Bureau esimates that the Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington Combined Statistical Area has a population of 2,113,011 (making it the 20th largest in the country) and is growing at a rate of about one percent annually. Greater Cincinnati is the 25th largest metropolitan area in the nation. Cincinnati is also home to major-league sports, including the Cincinnati Reds (America's first professional baseball team), the Cincinnati Bengals (a National Football League team), the Cincinnati Masters (the oldest tennis tournament in the United States played in its original city), as well as several minor league teams, including the Cincinnati Kings (a professional soccer team), the Cincinnati Cyclones (a professional hockey team), and the Cincinnati Jungle Kats (an arena football team).
It is considered to have been the first major American "boomtown", rapidly expanding in the heart of the country in the early nineteenth century to rival the coastal metropolis in size and wealth. As the first major inland city in the country, it is sometimes thought of as the first purely American city, lacking the heavy European influence that was present on the east coast. However, by the end of the century, its growth unexpectedly stopped and it was surpassed in population by many other inland cities.
Cincinnati is also known for the distinction of having the largest collection of nineteenth-century Italianate architecture in the country , primarily concentrated in the Over-the-Rhine neighborhood, just north of downtown. Over-the-Rhine is the largest National Historic District in the United States.
History
Cincinnati was founded in 1788 by John Cleves Symmes and Colonel Robert Patterson. Surveyor John Filson (also the author of The Adventures of Colonel Daniel Boon (siq) Daniel Boone) named it "Losantiville" from four terms, each of different language; meaning "The city opposite the mouth of the (Licking) River," "ville" is French for "city," "anti" is Greek for "opposite," "os" is Latin for "mouth," and "L" was all that was included of "Licking River."
Early history
Cincinnati began as three settlements between the Little Miami and Great Miami rivers on the north shore of the Ohio. Columbia was on the Little Miami, North Bend on the Great Miami. Losantiville, the central settlement, was opposite the mouth of the Licking River.
In 1789 Fort Washington was built to protect the settlements in the Northwest Territory. The post was constructed under the direction of General Josiah Harmar and was named in honor of President George Washington.
In 1790, Arthur St. Clair, the governor of the Northwest Territory, changed the name of the settlement to "Cincinnati" in honor of the Society of the Cincinnati, of which he was president. The society gets its name from Cincinnatus, the Roman general and dictator, who saved the city of Rome from destruction and then quietly retired to his farm. The society honored the ideal of return to civilian life by military officers following the Revolution rather than imposing military rule. To this day, Cincinnati in particular, and Ohio in general, is home to a disproportionately large number of descendants of Revolutionary War soldiers who were granted lands in the state. Cincinnati's connection with Rome still exists today through its nickname of "The City of Seven Hills" (a phrase commonly associated with Rome) and the town twinning program of Sister Cities International.
Civil War
During the Civil War, a series of six artillery batteries were built along the Ohio River to protect the city. Only one, Battery Hooper, now the James A. Ramage Civil War Museum in Fort Wright, Kentucky is open to the public.
'Porkopolis' and other nicknames
In 1802, Cincinnati was chartered as a village, and in 1819, it was incorporated as a city. The introduction of steam navigation on the Ohio River in 1811 and the completion of the Miami and Erie Canal helped the city grow to 115,000 citizens by 1850. The nickname Porkopolis was coined around 1835, when Cincinnati was the country's chief hog packing center, and herds of pigs traveled the streets. Called the "Queen of the West" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (although this nickname was first used by a local newspaper in 1819), Cincinnati was an important stop on the Underground Railroad, which helped slaves escape from the South.
Cincinnati also is known as the "City of Seven Hills." The seven hills are fully described in the June, 1853 edition of the West American Review, "Article III--Cincinnati: Its Relations to the West and South." The hills form a crescent from the east bank of the Ohio River to the west bank: Mount Adams, Walnut Hills, Mount Auburn, Vine Street Hill, Fairmount, Mount Harrison, and College Hill.
Cincinnati was the site of many historical beginnings. In 1850 it was the first city in the United States to establish a Jewish Hospital. It is where America's first municipal fire department was established in 1853. Established in 1867, the Cincinnati Red Stockings (a.k.a. the Cincinnati Reds) became the world's first professional (all paid, no amateurs) baseball team in 1869. In 1935, major league baseball's first night game was played at Crosley Field. Cincinnati was the first to build and own a major railroad in 1880. In 1902, the world's first re-inforced concrete skyscraper was built, the Ingalls Building. "The Sons of Daniel Boone", a forerunner to the Boy Scouts of America, began in Cincinnati in 1905. Because of the city's rich German heritage, the pre-prohibition era allowed Cincinnati to become a national forerunner in the brewing industry. During experimentation for six years (until 1939), Cincinnati's AM radio station, WLW was the first to broadcast at 500,000 watts. In 1943, King Records (and its subsidiary, Queen Records) was founded, and went on to record early music by artists who became highly successful and influential in Country, R&B, and Rock. WCET-TV was the first licensed public television station, established in 1954. Cincinnati is home to radio's WEBN 102.7 FM, the longest-running album-oriented rock station in the United States, first airing in 1967. In 1976, the Cincinnati Stock Exchange became the nation's first all-electronic trading market

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: 39.13616, Longitude: -84.503088


Birth

Matches 1 to 13 of 13

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Albers, Anna  14 Dec 1861Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I48557
2 Albers, Catharine Maria  16 Mar 1851Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I48549
3 Albers, F Bernard  12 Dec 1848Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I48544
4 Albers, Frances  25 Mar 1853Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I48551
5 Albers, Mary Catharine  06 Jul 1857Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I48555
6 Deiters, Frederick H  May 1884Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I47423
7 Deiters, Mary A  Nov 1891Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I47424
8 Emery, Anna Audry  04 Jan 1904Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I686889
9 Pike, Alice  14 Jan 1861Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I669151
10 Power, Tyrone Edmund  05 May 1914Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I684769
11 Reeder, Catherine  1800Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I192480
12 Watling, Jessie Elizabeth  04 Mar 1890Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I385072
13 Wright, Daniel  1790Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I192481

Christened

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Christened    Person ID 
1 Reeder, Catherine  17 Mar 1800Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I192480

Died

Matches 1 to 7 of 7

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Boonecamp, Antonetta  Bef 1900Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I753029
2 van Cleve, John  01 Jun 1791Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I192476
3 Heynen, Maria Adelheid  11 Jul 1899Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I46821
4 Hoefnagels, Henrietta Maria Catharina Anna  1873Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I66352
5 Lindemann, John Matthew  10 Mar 1856Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I48504
6 Schilderink, Herman Henry  Aft 1900Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I753030
7 Scholten, Johann  27 Sep 1900Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA I46822

Married

Matches 1 to 6 of 6

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Deiters / Grote  14 Feb 1861Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA F17094
2 Deiters / NN  22 Oct 1960Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA F16770
3 Oveste / Geist  19 Nov 1839Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA F86572
4 Schilderink / Boonecamp  Yes, date unknownCincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA F284391
5 Tracy / Treadwell  12 Sep 1923Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA F256769
6 Wright / Reeder  12 Feb 1818Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA F76931

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