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Sara Margery Fry

Sara Margery Fry

Female 1874 - 1958  (84 years)    Has 53 ancestors but no descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Sara Margery Fry 
    Birth 11 Mar 1874 
    Gender Female 
    Death 21 Apr 1958 
    Siblings 5 Siblings 
    Person ID I499408  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2009 

    Father Edward Fry,   b. 1827   d. 1918 (Age 91 years) 
    Mother Mariabella Hodgkin,   b. 1833   d. 1930 (Age 97 years) 
    Family ID F13182  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • penal reformer, principal of Somerville College (?-1931), founder of the Howard League
      eighth child
      a British prison reformer as well as one of the first women to become a magistrate.
      She was educated at home until, at the age of 17, she went to Miss Lawrence's school at Brighton (later named Roedean School ). Her parents did not intend her to go to university but eventually allowed her to go to Somerville College at Oxford in 1894 to read Mathematics. (Her brother, the artist Roger Fry , apparently wanted her to do painting instead). After three years at university she returned to her parents' home, staying with them until 1899 when she became Librarian at Somerville (1899-1904). In 1904 she became Warden of the new women's residence at Birmingham University (initially at an annual salary of £60). In 1913 she became financially independent after the death of her uncle Joseph Storrs Fry and in 1914 left her position at Birmingham. From 1915 onwards she helped organize Quaker relief efforts in the Marne war area, and later elsewhere in France.
      After the war she lived with her brother Roger and began the work on prison reform in which she was to be involved until the end of her life. In 1918 she became secretary of the Penal Reform League, which merged with the Howard Association in 1921 to form the Howard League for Penal Reform ; she was secretary of the combined organisation until 1926. In 1919 she was appointed to the newly founded University Grants Committee on which she served until 1948. In 1921 she was appointed a magistrate , one of the first women magistrates in Britain. In 1922 she was appointed education advisor to Holloway Prison (a prison for women in London).
      From 1926 to 1930 she was Principal of Somerville College. She was also a governor of the BBC from 1937 to 1939 and a participant in The Brains Trust series starting in 1942. The Graduate (Middle Common Room, or MCR) accommodation building on Somerville College campus is called Margery Fry House in her honour.
      She is also known for her opposition to the death penalty and her support of compensation for victims of crimes.

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