Samuel Finley Breese Morse

Samuel Finley Breese Morse

Male 1791 - 1826  (34 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 7 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Samuel Finley Breese Morse 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 27 Apr 1791 
    Gender Male 
    Died 2 Apr 1826 
    Person ID I367346  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Samuel Morse at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 27 Apr 2022 

    Father Rev. Jedediah Morse,   b. 1761,   d. 1819  (Age 58 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Ann Finley Breese,   b. 1761,   d. 1828  (Age 67 years) 
    Family ID F145409  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Lucretia Pickering Walker,   d. 1825 
    Children 
     1. Susan Morse,   b. 1819
     2. Charles Morse,   b. 1823
     3. James Morse,   b. 1825
    Last Modified 27 Apr 2022 
    Family ID F145410  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Sarah Elizabeth Griswold,   b. 25 Dec 1822, Sault Ste Marie, Chippewa, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Nov 1901, Berlin, D Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Married 10 Aug 1848 
    Children 
     1. Samuel Morse,   b. 1849
     2. Cornelia Morse,   b. 1851
     3. William Morse,   b. 1853
     4. Edward Morse,   b. 1857
    Last Modified 27 Apr 2022 
    Family ID F347339  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Samuel Finley Breese Morse
    Samuel Finley Breese Morse

  • Notes 
    • Artist, portrait painter, inventor of telegraph and Morse code, established first telegraph line.

      His family was wealthy and well connected. "Finley's" first career was painting, which he studied in the US and Europe. He became a member of Britain's Royal Academy, and helped found the National Academy of Design in New York City. (He also twice ran for Mayor of New York, unsuccessfully.)
      In 1832, Morse became intrigued by the telegraph, a device first proposed in 1753 and first built in 1774. Through 1833, the machines were impractical, requiring 26 separate wires, one for each letter of the alphabet. In that year, two German engineers had invented a five-wire model; but Morse wanted to be the first to reduce the number of wires to one. In 1838, Morse made this possible by creating a code that used different numbers to represent the letters of the English alphabet and the ten digits.
      Morse's first telegraph device produced an EKG-like line on tickertape. The dips in the line had to be de-coded into letters and numbers using a dictionary composed by Morse --- this assuming that the pen or pencil wrote clearly, which did not always happen. Morse began a twofold search, for improvements and for government funding.
      In 1842, Morse convinced Congress to provide $30,000 (nearly $500,000 in 2000 money) in support of his plan to "wire" the United States. Meanwhile, Morse --- who shined as an "ideas man" but was not a competent engineer --- solicited and received advice from a number of American and European telegraphy experts, including Joseph Henry of Princeton, who had invented a working telegraph in 1831, and Louis Breguet of Paris, from whose long-distance telegraph Morse actually stole an essential component. Most of the mechanical development of Morse's telegraph and its code was done by his assistants, most notably Alfred Vail and William Baxter.
      In 1844, Morse finally filed for a patent (granted 1849) of the printing telegraph which he had been developing since 1832. He had already proved that his device worked over short distances; and the Federal funds he raised had allowed him to string a wire from Baltimore to Washington. On May 11, 1844, Morse sent the first inter-city message. Soon thereafter, he gave the first public demonstration, in which he sent a message from the chamber of the Supreme Court to the Mount Clair train depot in Baltimore. The message itself was borrowed from the Bible by the daughter of the Commissioner of Patents: "What hath God wrought?"
      The person on the receiving end of that transmission was Alfred Vail, who was credited by Franklin T. Pope (later a partner of Thomas Edison) with inventing the "dots and dashes" version of "Morse Code" that became standard. This was a great improvement, as it did not require printing or decoding, but could be "sound read" by operators.
      The telegraph spread across the US more quickly than had the railroads, whose routes the wires often followed. By 1854, there were 23,000 miles of telegraph wire in operation. In 1851, Western Union was founded, and in 1868, the first successful trans-Atlantic cable link was established. Samuel Morse died in 1872. Although he did not invent the telegraph, and probably did not invent the familiar version of the code that bears his name, there is no doubt that his promotion and popularization of the telegraph sped its acceptance and utilization throughout the US and then the world.



Other databases 

Home Page |  What's New |  Most Wanted |  Surnames |  Photos |  Histories |  Documents |  Cemeteries |  Places |  Dates |  Reports |  Sources