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John Collier

John Collier

Male 1850 - 1934  (84 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors but no descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name John Collier 
    Birth 27 Jan 1850 
    Gender Male 
    Death 11 Apr 1934 
    Siblings 2 Siblings 
    Person ID I3386  Geneagraphie | Descendant of Francis Fox
    Links To This person is also John Collier at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2009 

    Father Baron Robert Porret Collier,   b. 1817   d. 1886 (Age 69 years) 
    Mother Isabella Rose   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Marriage 19 Apr 1844 
    Family ID F1373  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Marian Huxley,   b. 1859   d. 1887 (Age 28 years) 
    Marriage 1879 
    Family ID F272128  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2009 

    Family 2 Ethel Huxley,   b. 1866   d. 1941 (Age 75 years) 
    Marriage 1889 
    Family ID F272125  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2009 

  • Notes 
    • a British writer and painter in the Pre-Raphaelite style. He was one of the most prominent portrait painters of his generation

      Collier's range of portrait subjects was broad. In 1893, for example, his subjects included the Bishop of Shrewsbury (Sir Lovelace Stamer), A Glass of Wine with Caesar Borgia , Sir John Lubbock FRS, A N Hornby (Captain of the Lancashire Eleven), A Witch, A Tramp, and the Bishop of Hereford (Dr Atlee).

      His commissioned portrait of King George V as Master of Trinity House in 1901 when Duke of Cornwall and York shows the extent of his fashionable reputation.



      Other subjects included two Lord Chancellors (the Earl of Selborne in 1882 and the Earl of Halsbury in 1898; senior legal figures the Lord Chief Justice Lord Alverstone (1912) and the Master of the Rolls Sir George Jessel (1881); Rudyard Kipling (1891); the painter Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1884); the actors J. L. Toole (1887) and Madge Kendal , Ellen Terry and Herbert Beerbohm Tree (in The Merry Wives of Windsor ) (1904); heads of educational institutions such as the Master of Balliol Edward Caird (1904), the Warden of Wadham G. E. Thorley (1889) and the Provost of Eton (1898); the Speaker of the House of Commons (1898, one of relatively few political subjects); soldiers such as Field Marshal Lord Kitchener of Khartoum (1911) and Field Marshall Sir Frederick Haines (1891); two Indian maharajahs , including the Maharajah of Nepal (1910); and scientists including Charles Darwin (1882), the artist's father-in-law Professor Huxley (1891), William Kingdom Clifford , James Prescott Joule and Michael Foster . Clark reports a total of thirty-two Huxley family portraits during the half-century after his first marriage. [1] (His second wife was also a Huxley.)

      A photocopy of John Collier's Sitters Book (made in 1962 from the original in the possession of the artist's son) can be consulted in the National Portrait Gallery Heinz Archive and Library. This is the artist's own handwritten record of all his portraits, including name of subject, date, fee charged, and details of any major exhibitions of the picture in question.



      Collier was from a talented and successful family. His grandfather, John Collier, was a Quaker merchant who became a Member of Parliament. His father (who was a Member of Parliament, Attorney General and, for many years, a full-time judge of the Privy Council was created the first Lord Monkswell . He was also a member of the Royal Society of British Artists. John Collier's elder brother, the second Lord Monkswell, was Under-Secretary of State for War and Chairman of the London County Council .

      In due course, Collier became an integral part of the family of Thomas Henry Huxley PC , President of the Royal Society . Collier married two of Huxley's daughters and was "on terms of intimate friendship" with his son, the writer Leonard Huxley . Collier's first wife, in 1879, was Marian (Mady) Huxley. She was a painter, who studied, like her husband, at the Slade, and exhibited at the Royal Academy and elsewhere. After the birth of their only child, a daughter, she suffered severe post-natal depression and was taken to Paris for treatment where, however, she contracted pneumonia and died in 1887.

      Collier married in 1889 her younger sister Ethel Huxley. Until the Deceased Wife's Sister's Marriage Act 1907 such a marriage was not possible in England and the ceremony took place in Norway. Collier's daughter by his first marriage, Joyce, was a portrait miniaturist, and a member of the Royal Society of Miniature Painters. By his second wife he had a daughter and a son, Sir Laurence Collier KCMG, who was the British Ambassador to Norway 1941-51.



      Collier died in 1934. His entry in the Dictionary of National Biography (volume for 1931-40, published 1949) compares his work to that of Frank Holl because of its solemnity. This is only true, however, of his many portraits of distinguished old men - his portraits of younger men, women and children, and his so-called " problem pictures ", covering scenes of ordinary life, are often very bright and fresh.

      His entry in the Dictionary of Art (vol. 7, 1996, p. 569), written by Geoffrey Ashton , refers to the invisibility of his brush strokes as a "rather unexciting and flat use of paint" but contrasts that with "Collier's strong and surprising sense of colour" which "created a disconcerting verisimilitude in both mood and appearance".

      The Dictionary of Portrait Painters in Britain up to 1920 (1997) describes his portraits as "painterly works with a fresh use of light and colour".



      Sixteen of John Collier's paintings are now in the collections of the National Portrait Gallery in London, two in the Tate Gallery and one, a self portrait of 1907, in the Uffizi in Florence which presumably commissioned it as part of its celebrated collection of artists' self portraits.

      Four of the National Portrait Gallery paintings are currently (December 1997) on display: John Burns , Sir William Huggins , Thomas Huxley (the artist's father in law) and Charles Darwin (copies of the last two are also prominently displayed at the top of the staircase at the Athenaeum club in London).

      Other pictures may be seen in houses and institutions open to the public: his portrait of the Earl of Onslow (1903), for example, is at Clandon Park , Surrey ( National Trust ) and his portrait of Sir Charles Tertius Mander , first baronet, is at Owlpen Manor , Gloucestershire . A large and striking painting of the murderess Clytemnestra can be found in the Guildhall Gallery of the City of London. Reproductions of many others, from various collections, may be consulted in the John Collier box in the National Portrait Gallery Heinz Archive and Library, and a very good selection is published in The Art of the Honourable John Collier by W H Pollock (1914). The Hon. John Collier's work was also included in the Great Victorian Pictures exhibition mounted by the Arts Council in 1978 (catalogue, p 27).



      Collier's views on religion and ethics are interesting for their comparison with the views of Thomas and Julian Huxley , both of whom gave Romanes lectures on that subject. In The religion of an artist (1926) Collier explains "It [the book] is mostly concerned with ethics apart from religion... I am looking forward to a time when ethics will have taken the place of religion... My religion is really negative. [The benefits of religion] can be attained by other means which are less conducive to strife and which put less strain on upon the reasoning faculties." On secular morality : "My standard is frankly utilitarian . As far as morality is intuitive, I think it may be reduced to an inherent impulse of kindliness towards our fellow citizens." His views on ethics, then, were very close to the agnosticism of T.H. Huxley and the humanism of Julian Huxley.

      On the idea of God : "People may claim without much exaggeration that the belief in God is universal. They omit to add that superstition, often of the most degraded kind, is just as universal." And "An omnipotent Deity who sentences even the vilest of his creatures to eternal torture is infinitely more cruel than the cruellest man." And on the Church: "To me, as to most Englishmen, the triumph of Roman Catholicism would mean an unspeakable disaster to the cause of civilization ." And on non-conformists : "They have a superstitious belief in the actual words of



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