Monarchs of Poland

Siemowit: Duke 9th century

legendary, son of Piast

Lestek: Duke 9th-10th century

legendary, son of Siemowit

Siemomysł: Duke 10th century

legendary, son of Lestko

Mieszko I: Duke 960?-992 -

son of Siemomysł, first Christian monarch

Bolesław I the Brave (Boleslas I): Duke 992-1025, King 1025

son of Mieszko, first to be crowned King

Mieszko II Lambert: King 1025-1031 -

son of Boleslas I

Bezprym: Duke 1031-1032 -

son of Boleslas I

Otto Bolesławowic: Duke 1032

son of Boleslas I

Thiedric: Duke 1032

Mieszko I's grandson

Mieszko II Lambert: Duke 1032-1034

restored

Kazimierz I the Restorer (Casimir I): Duke 1039-1058

son of Mieszko II

Bolesław II the Bold (Boleslas II): Duke 1058-1076, King 1076-1079 -

son of Casimir I

Władysław I Herman (Ladislas I): Duke 1079-1102 -

son of Casimir I

Zbigniew: Duke 1102 -1107

son of Ladislas I, first jointly with Boleslas III

Bolesław III Wrymouth (Boleslas III): Duke 1102-1138

son of Ladislas I, first jointly with Zbigniew, introduced senioral principle

Władysław II the Exile, (Ladislas II): High Duke 1138-1146

son of Boleslas III, also Duke of Silesia, exiled by his brothers

Bolesław IV the Curly (Boleslas IV): High Duke 1146-1173 -

son of Boleslas III, also Duke of Masovia

Mieszko III the Old: High Duke 1173-1177

son of Boleslas III, also Duke of Greater Poland

Kazimierz II the Just (Casimir II): High Duke 1177-1190

son of Boleslas III, also Duke of Wiślica and Sandomierz

Mieszko III the Old: High Duke 1190

restored

Kazimierz II the Just (Casimir II): High Duke 1190-1194

restored

Leszek I the White: High Duke 1194-1198

son of Casimir II, also Duke of Sandomierz

Mieszko III the Old: High Duke 1198-1199

restored

Leszek I the White: High Duke 1199-1202

restored

Mieszko III the Old: High Duke 1202

restored

Władysław III Spindleshanks (Ladislas III): High Duke 1202-1206

son of Mieszko III, also Duke of Greater Poland

Leszek I the White: High Duke 1206-1210

restored

Mieszko I Tanglefoot: High Duke 1210-1211

son of Ladislas II, also Duke of Wrocław

Leszek I the White: High Duke 1211-1227

restored, assassinated

Władysław III Spindleshanks (Ladislas III): High Duke 1227-1229

restored

Konrad I of Masovia: High Duke 1229-1232

son of Casimir II, also Duke of Masovia

Henryk I the Bearded (Henry I): High Duke 1232-1238

grandson of Ladislas II, also Duke of Silesia

Henryk II the Pious (Henry II): High Duke 1238-1241

son of Henry I, also Duke of Wroclaw and Greater Poland, fell at Legnica

Konrad I of Masovia: High Duke 1241-1243

restored

Bolesław V the Chaste (Boleslas V): High Duke 1243-1279

son of Leszek the White

Leszek II the Black: High Duke 1279-1288

paternal grandson of Konrad I, maternal grandson of Henry II

Henryk IV Probus (Henry IV): High Duke 1288-1290

pat. grandson of Henry II, mat. grandson of Konrad I, also Duke of Lower Silesia

Przemysł II (Premyslas II): High Duke 1290-1295, King 1295-1296

grandson of Henry II, also Duke of Poznań, Greater Poland and Pomerania

Václav II (Wenceslas II): High Duke 1296-1300, King 1300-1305

married Premyslas II's daughter, Duke of Lesser Poland since 1291

Václav III (Wenceslas III): King 1305-1306

son of Wenceslaus III, uncrowned, assassinated

Władysław I the Elbow-high (Ladislas IV/I): High Duke 1306-1320, King 1320-1333

grandson of Konrad I, re-united the Kingdom of Poland

Kazimierz III The Great (Casimir III): King 1333-1370

son of Ladislas IV/I, regarded as one of the greatest Polish monarchs

Ludwik (Louis I): King 1370-1382

nephew of Casimir III

Jadwiga (Hedwig): Queen 1382-1399

daughter of Louis I, reigned jointly with her husband, Ladislas II since 1386

Kings of Poland and Grand Dukes of Lithuania

Jagiellon Dynasty

Władysław II Jagiełło (Ladislas II): 4 March 1386 - 1 June 1434

reigned jointly with his wife Jadwigauntil 1399, the longest reigning king of Poland

Władysław III (Ladislas III): 25 July 1434 - 10 November 1444

son of Ladislas II Also king of Hungary fell at Varna, therefore surnamed "of Varna"

Kazimierz IV (Casimir IV) - 25 June 1447 - 7 June 1492

son of Ladislas II

Jan I Olbracht (John I Albert): 23 September 1492 - 16 June 1501

son of Casimir IV

Aleksander (Alexander): 12 December 1501 - 19 August 1506

son of Casimir IV

Zygmunt I the Old (Sigismund I): 8 December 1506 - 1 April 1548

son of Casimir IV, forced Prussian Homage in 1525, annexed Duchy of Masovia in 1526, entered alliance with Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor

Zygmunt II August I, (Sigismund II August I) - 1 April 1548 - 7 July 1572

son of Sigismund I, replaced the personal union of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with a real union and an elective monarchy

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Henryk Walezy (Henry III): 21 February 1574 - 12 May 1575

abandoned the Polish-Lithuanian throne three moths after his coronation in order to become King of France

Maksymilian II (Maximilian I): 1575 - 1575

election contested after four days

Anna: King 15 December 1575 - 12 December 1586

daughter of Sigismund I, reigned together with her husband Stephen Báthory

Stefan I Batory (Stephen I Báthory): 15 December 1575 - 12 December 1586 - reigned together with his wife Anna, regarded as one of the greatest kings of Poland

Maksymilian III (Maximilian II): 1587 - 1587

son of Maximilian II, defeated by Zygmunt Vasa

Zygmunt III (Sigismund III ): 18 September 1587 - 19 April 1632

grandson of Sigismund I, Also King of Sweden 1592-1599, titular King 1599-1632

Władysław IV (Ladislas IV): 8 November 1632 - 20 May 1648

son of Sigismund III, Titular King of Sweden 1632-1648

Jan II Kazimierz (John II Casimir): 20 November 1648 - 16 September 1668

son of Sigismund III, Titular King of Sweden 1648-1660, abdicated

Michał Korybut (Michael I): 19 June 1669 - 10 November 1673

son of a successful but controversial military commander, Jeremi Wiśniowiecki

Jan III Sobieski (John III): 21 May 1674 - 17 June 1696

saved Vienna from the Turks in 1683

August II Mocny (Augustus II the Strong): 15 September 1697 - 16 February 1704 (deposed), 24 September 1706 (abdicates)

Elector of Saxony as Frederick Augustus I, 1694-1733

Stanisław I Leszczyński (Stanislas I): 4 October 1705 - 8 August 1709

yielded to Augustus II

August II Mocny (Augustus II the Strong): 8 August 1709 - 1 February 1733

restored

Stanisław I Leszczyński (Stanislas I): 12 September 1733 - 30 June 1734 (deposed), 27 January 1736 (abdicates)

restored, defeated in War of the Polish Succession, became Duke of Lorraine until his death

August III Sas (Augustus III): 17 January 1734 (in opposition), 30 June 1734 (effectively) - 5 October 1763

son of Augustus II

Stanisław II August Poniatowski (Stanislas II August) - 25 November 1764 - 7 January 1795

forced to abdicate when the Commonwealth ceased to exist

End