Stadhouder Willem I  von Nassau, "de Zwijger"

Stadhouder Willem I von Nassau, "de Zwijger"

Male 1533 - 1584  (51 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Willem I von Nassau 
    Prefix Stadhouder 
    Suffix "de Zwijger" 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 25 Apr 1533  Schloss Dillenburg Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 4 May 1533 
    Gender Male 
    Died 10 Jul 1584  Delft, ZH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Vermoord door Balthasar Gerards, een fanatieke katholiek.
    Buried Nieuwe Kerk, Delft, ZH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I9974  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 17 Jun 2013 

    Father Graf Wilhelm von Nassau-Dillenburg, 'The Rich',   b. 10 Apr 1487, Dillenburg Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Oct 1559, Dillenburg Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years) 
    Mother Gräfin Juliana von Stolberg-Wernigerode,   b. 15 Feb 1506, Stolberg Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jun 1580, Dillenburg Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 20 Sep 1531 
    Siblings 11 siblings 
    Family ID F4095  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Anna van Egmond,   c. Mar 1533, Grave, NBr, NL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Mar 1558, Breda, NBr, NL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 25 years) 
    Married 8 Jul 1551  Buren Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Maria von Nassau,   b. 1553,   d. 1554  (Age 1 years)
     2. Filips Willem von Nassau,   b. 19 Dec 1554,   d. 20 Feb 1618  (Age 63 years)
     3. Maria von Nassau,   b. 7 Feb 1556, Breda, NBr, NL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Oct 1616, Buren Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F3580  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Barbara,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 16 Mar 2003 
    Family ID F173826  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Eva Elinx,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Justinus van Nassau,   b. 1559,   d. 26 Jun 1631, Leiden, ZH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
    Last Modified 16 Mar 2003 
    Family ID F21358  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Anna von Sachsen,   b. 1544,   d. 1577  (Age 33 years) 
    Married 1561 
    Type: annulment 
    Children 
     1. NN von Nassau,   b. 1 Nov 1562, Bruxelles, B Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Anna von Nassau,   b. 5 Nov 1563, Breda, NBr, NL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jun 1588, Franeker, Friesland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 24 years)
     3. Maurits August Philips von Nassau,   b. 18 Dec 1564, Bruxelles, B Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Dec 1566, Breda, NBr, NL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     4. Stadhouder Maurits von Nassau,   b. 14 Nov 1567, Dillenburg Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Apr 1625, 's-Gravenhage, ZH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years)
     5. Emilia von Nassau,   b. 10 Apr 1569, Köln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, D Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1629, Genève, CH Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F4096  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 Charlotte de Bourbon,   b. 1546,   d. 5 May 1582  (Age 36 years) 
    Married 1575  Den Briel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Louise Juliana von Nassau,   b. 31 Mar 1576, Dordrecht, ZH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Mar 1644, Königsberg, Preußen Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
     2. Elisabeth Flandrika von Nassau,   b. 1577,   d. 1642  (Age 65 years)
     3. Katharina Belgica von Nassau-Oranien,   b. 31 Jul 1578,   d. 12 Apr 1648  (Age 69 years)
     4. Charlotte Flandria von Nassau,   b. 1579,   d. 1640  (Age 61 years)
     5. Charlotte Brabantine von Nassau,   b. 1580,   d. 1631  (Age 51 years)
     6. Emilia II Antwerpiana von Nassau,   b. 1581,   d. 1657  (Age 76 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F3254  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 6 Anneken Cools,   d. Cir 1630 
    Married Type: Relationship 
    Children 
     1. Hendrik Goudt,   b. 1583, 's-Gravenhage, ZH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Dec 1648, Utrecht, Ut, NL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F1303832  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 7 Louise de Coligny,   b. 23 Sep 1555,   d. 9 Oct 1620, Fontainebleau Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Married 1583 
    Children 
     1. Stadhouder Frederik Hendrik von Nassau,   b. 29 Jan 1584,   d. 14 Mar 1647  (Age 63 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F3488  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsDied - 10 Jul 1584 - Delft, ZH, NL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Nieuwe Kerk, Delft, ZH, NL Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    9974.jpg
    9974.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Prince of Orange 1544,
      count of Nassau, Vianden and Dietz,
      viscount of Antwerp,
      baron of Breda,
      stadholder of Holland, Zealand and Utrecht 1559, Brabant 1577 and Friesland 1580.
      Stadhouder van Nederland 1580-1584.
    • Heir of Rene von Nassau 'de Chalon' (the principality Orange). He was allowed to accept the inherritance under the condition that he was raised at the Catholic court of emperor Karl V in Brussels.
      Karl V had leaned on the arm of William of Orange in the ceremony of handing over his power to his son, Philip II of Spain. Philip had immediately appointed Spanish stadholders in stead of Dutch ones. His reforms and religious persecutions resulted in social unrest. When William was send to France to assist in arranging the terms of a treaty, the French king thought William was Philips' confident and talked to him about Philips' plans to exterminate Dutch Protestantism. William, who supported freedom of religion, gave no sign and listened carefully, thus earning his nickname 'the silent'. In 1567, when Philip send the notorious duke of Alba with an army to the Low Countries, William of Orange and his family left the country with all his belongings and moved into his brother's castle at Dillenburg in Germany. In 1568 William's eldest son, Philip William, was abducted to Spain never to see his father again and the counts of Egmont and Hornes were treacherously beheaded by Alba. These executions started the Eighty Years War between Spain and the Low Countries. William the silent and his brothers set about recruiting troops, selling William's jewels and plate to raise the necessary money. In the first years of the war William lost most of his battles and his brothers Adolph and Louis were killed.
    • The Dutch National Anthem The Dutch national anthem, the "Wilhelmus", has 15 eight-line verses. It was written about 1568, possibly by the poet and diplomat Philip van Marnix, Seigneur of Sint Aldegonde (1540-1598) an ardent supporter of Prince William of Orange. The first and sixth verses are usually sung at national events. In the first verse, Prince William vows that he will remain true to his country unto death; in the sixth, he prays to God for strength to rid the land of tyranny. In periods of oppression especially, these verses have had a strong appeal for the people of the Netherlands. The "Wilhelmus" has been the official Dutch national anthem since 1932. Origin In 1567, Prince William fled the Netherlands with thousands of other opponents of Spanish rule. The following year, Prince William tried in vain to free his country from tyranny and religious persecution. But his three invasions with mercenaries from the Holy Roman Empire failed completely. In the "Wilhelmus", the composer depicts the Prince addressing the oppressed people of the Netherlands in this terrible and dramatic situation. In his elevated speech interrupted by a prayer in verses six and seven, the Prince bears witness to his sincerity and determination, and expounds his innermost motives for rising against the King of Spain. Prince William comforts his followers, but at the same time exhorts them to join in the struggle. He also reminds them of their duty to obey God. In what might be called a psalm of defiance, the poet compares Prince William with David, who had to flee from Saul, the first King of Israel, before himself becoming King. He commends the Prince to the people as the chosen leader of the revolt against Philip of Spain. Melody The tune of the "Wilhelmus" is based on a French soldier's song, which was popular around 1568 and alternates between three/four and four/four time. It probably originated at the time of the siege of Chartres. The melody was further developed by Adriaen Valerius (approx. 1575-1625). The oldest copy of the "Wilhelmus" is to be found in Deuchdelijke Solutien (Antwerp, 1574). Since 1626, it has been included in Valerius's Gedenckclanck, a wellknown collection of national songs. Structure The song's style resembles that of the work of the Rederijkers ("rhetoricians"), sixteenth-century companies of poets. For example, the first letters of the 15 verses spell the name "Willem van Nassov". The text is also thematically symmetrical, in that verses one and 15 resemble on another in meaning, as do verses two and 14, three and 13, etc., until they converge in the eighth verse, the heart of the song: "Oh David, thou soughtest shelter/From King Saul's tyranny". The sober language and deep feelings that inspired "Wilhelmus" make it far superior to the fashionable works of its period. History On 10 May 1932, it was decreed that on all official occasions requiring the performance of the national anthem, the "Wilhelmus" was to be sung to the by Valerius. The need for an official national anthem was first proclaimed at the time of the foundation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815. A contest was held, and a poem by Hendrik Tollens (1780-1856), Wiens Neerlands Bloed ("Whose Dutch Blood") was chosen. The music was by the composer J.W. Wilms. Although Wiens Neerlands Bloed was gradually replaced by the "Wilhelmus" during the late l9th century, regulations in the Royal Netherlands Navy and the National Police Force continued to require that both anthems be honored until 1939. The "Wilhelmus" has been sung on many official occasions and at many important events since 1568. Important events have included the siege of Haarlem in 1573 and the ceremonial entry of the Prince of Orange into Brussels on 18 September 1578. Trumpets sounded the "Wilhelmus" at the visit of Prince Maurice to Breda, and again when he was received in state in Amsterdam in May 1618. When William V arrived in Schoonhoven in 1787, after the authority of the stadtholders had been restored, the church bells played the "Wilhelmus" continuously. By then, it had come to be called the "Princes' March", having been banned during the rule of the Patriot party. At the celebrations marking the birth of the child who would later be King William II on 16 December 1792, it was sung after High Mass in the Catholic church in Venlo. Following the surrender of 's-Hertogenbosch to the French on 9 October 1794, the garrison withdrew with full military honors to the sound of the "Wilhelmus". Once the rule of the Patriots had ended and the Netherlands had been liberated from the French in 1813, the "Wilhelmus" ceased to be the anthem of one Dutch party. It again came to symbolize freedom and independence. During the struggle between the Northern and Southern Netherlands, around 1830, the "Wilhelmus" became particularly popular. It was even played at the unveiling of the Plein 1813 independence memorial in The Hague 1869, and again at the inauguration of Queen Wilhelmina in 1898

      William of Nassau, scion
      Of a Dutch and ancient line,
      I dedicate undying
      Faith to this land of mine.
      A prince I am, undaunted,
      Of Orange, ever free,
      To the king of Spain I've granted
      A lifelong loyalty.

      I 've ever tried to live in
      The fear of God's command
      And therefore I've been driven,
      From people, home, and land,
      But God, I trust, will rate me
      His willing instrument
      And one day reinstate me
      Into my government.

      Let no despair betray you,
      My subjects true and good.
      The Lord will surely stay you
      Though now you are pursued.
      He who would live devoutly
      Must pray God day and night
      To throw His power about me
      As champion of your right.

      Life and my all for others
      I sacrificed, for you!
      And my illustrious brothers
      Proved their devotion too.
      Count Adolf, more's the pity,
      Fell in the Frisian fray,
      And in the eternal city
      Awaits the judgement day.

      I, nobly born, descended
      From an imperial stock.
      An empire's prince, defended
      (Braving the battle's shock
      Heroically and fearless
      As pious Christian ought)
      With my life's blood the peerless
      Gospel of God our Lord.

      A shield and my reliance,
      O God, Thou ever wert.
      I'll trust unto Thy guidance.
      O leave me not ungirt.
      That I may stay a pious
      Servant of Thine for aye
      And drive the plagues that try us
      And tyranny away.

      My God, I pray thee, save me
      From all who do pursue
      And threaten to enslave me,
      Thy trusted servant true.
      O Father, do not sanction
      Their wicked, foul design,
      Don't let them wash their hands in
      This guiltless blood of mine.

      O David, thou soughtest shelter
      From King Saul's tyranny.
      Even so I fled this welter
      And many a lord with me.
      But God the Lord did save me
      From exile and its hell
      And, in His mercy, gave him
      A realm in Israel.

      Fear not 't will rain sans ceasing
      The clouds are bound to part.
      I bide that sight so pleasing
      Unto my princely heart,
      Which is that I with honor
      Encounter death in war,
      And meet in heaven my Donor,
      His faithful warrior.

      Nothing so moves my pity
      As seeing through these lands,
      Field, village, town and city
      Pillaged by roving hands.
      O that the Spaniards rape thee,
      My Netherlands so sweet,
      The thought of that does grip me
      Causing my heart to bleed.

      A stride on steed of mettle
      I've waited with my host
      The tyrant's call to battle,
      Who durst not do his boast.
      For, near Maastricht ensconced,
      He feared the force I wield.
      My horsemen saw one bounce it
      Bravely across the field.

      Surely, if God had willed it,
      When that fierce tempest blew,
      My power would have stilled it,
      Or turned its blast from you
      But He who dwells in heaven,
      Whence all our blessings flow,
      For which aye praise be given,
      Did not desire it so.

      Steadfast my heart remaineth
      In my adversity
      My princely courage straineth
      All nerves to live and be.
      I've prayed the Lord my Master
      With fervid heart and tense
      To save me from disaster
      And prove my innocence.

      Alas! my flock. To sever
      Is hard on us. Farewell.
      Your Shepherd wakes, wherever
      Dispersed you may dwell,
      Pray God that He may ease you.
      His Gospel be your cure.
      Walk in the steps of Jesu
      This life will not endure.

      Unto the Lord His power
      I do not confession make
      That ne'er at any hour
      Ill of the King I spake.
      But unto God, the greatest
      Of Majesties I owe
      Obedience first and latest,
      For Justice wills it so.
    • Buitenechtelijke kinderen


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