1465 - 1520 (54 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and 92 descendants in this family tree.
||Selim Yavuz |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||10 Oct 1465
||22 Sep 1520
||This person is also Selim I at Wikipedia |
||17 Nov 2009 |
||Hafsa Hatun Sultan, b. 1479, d. 1534 (Age 55 years) |
| ||1. Sultan Sulaiman, I, 'the Magnificent', b. 6 Nov 1494, d. 1566 (Age 71 years)|
| ||2. Hatice, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Fatma, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||4. Hafsa, d. Yes, date unknown|
||15 Nov 2009 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- also known as "the Excellent," "the Brave" or the best translation "the Stern"
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520
Born in Amasya , Selim dethroned his father Bayezid II (1481-1512) in 1512. Bayezid's death followed immediately thereafter. Like his grandfather Mehmed II (1451-81), Selim put his brothers and nephews to death upon his accession in order to eliminate potential pretenders to the throne. This fratricidal policy was motivated by bouts of civil strife that had been sparked by the antagonism between Selim's father Beyazid and his uncle Cem , and between Selim himself and his brother Ahmed.
He married Valide Sultan (1520) Hafsa Hatun Sultan , ( Turkish : Ayse Hafsa Sultan ), who died in 1534, mother of Suleiman I . Selim's mother was Ayse Hatun , from Dulkadir . Selim was described as being tall, having very broad shoulders and a long mustache . He was skilled in politics and was said to be fond of fighting.
For Selim, one of the first challenges as the Sultan was the conflict between his empire and the powerful Safavid Empire of Persia . Shah Ismail was a Persian patron of Shia Islam in the region, a situation which was a threat against the Sunni rulers of the Ottoman Empire. Selim had to eliminate the risk of a westward attack from Iran to Anatolia while he was attacking the Mamluks of Egypt. Therefore, Selim assembled his army and marched to Iran in 1514 and delivered a devastating blow to Safavids and Shah Ismail at the Battle of Chaldiran , a battle of historical significance. The Ottoman army thereafter paraded in the capital of the Safavid Empire, Tabriz .
Then, Selim attacked and destroyed the Mamluk Sultanate first at the Battle of Marj Dabiq and then at the Battle of Ridanieh , which led to the annexation of Syria , Palestine and Egypt . He also extended Ottoman power to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina . Rather than style himself the Hakim ul Haremeyn, or The Ruler of The Two Holy Shrines, he accepted the more pious title Khadim ul Haremeyn, or The Servant of The Two Holy Shrines.
After the conquest of Egypt and the Holy Cities in 1517, Selim induced the vanquished Al-Mutawakkil III (1509-17), the last ruler of the Mamluk Sultanate , to formally surrender the title of Caliph and its emblems, the sword and the mantle of Muhammad . These are kept in the Topkapi Palace Museum at Istanbul, Turkey.
After his return from his Egyptian campaign, Selim began to prepare for an expedition which is believed to be against Rhodes . This campaign was cut short when he was overwhelmed by sickness and subsequently died in the ninth year of his reign. He was about fifty-five years of age. It is said that Selim succumbed to sirpence , a skin infection which he developed during his long campaigns on horseback. (Sirpence was an anthrax infection sometimes seen among leatherworkers and others who worked with livestock). Some historians claim that he was poisoned by the doctor tending to his infection and some historians claim that the disease he suffered from was skin cancer .