1430 - 1481 (51 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||II, 'the Conqueror' |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||15 Nov 2009 |
- Sultan of the Ottoman Empire 1448-81
The Last Days in Constaninople 1453
The Young Sultan Mehmed II, by now in his twenty secound year and possessed of unusual vigour, had no sooner ascended the throne in Adrianople for the secound time (1451) than he planned to crown the achievements of his ancestors by making an end of the miserable remnant of the Byzantine Empire, which now consisted merely of the Imperial city on the Bosphorus.
When all his preparation were made , Sultan Mehmed, began to close in on Constintinople by land and sea at the beginning of April 1453. The passage of ships into the city's harbour was blocked by a chain throws across the mouth of the Goldern Horn.
But during the night of 21 to 22nd of April , the turks hauled a great number of their ships overland from the Bosphorus, across the height of pera and landed them inside the Goldern Horn before the terrified gaze of the besieged inhabitants.
On 24 May 1453, the assault on the city began, and on the 29th May , the turks forced an entrance through the breaches made in the wall by the artillery. The Last of the East Roman Emperors , Constantine IX, fell fighting COURAGEOUSLY
The conquered city was sacked and pillaged for three days. Then Sultan Mehmed "the Conqueror" entered the city and performed the friday prayers in St Sophia, the church of the holy wisdom, built by the Emperor Justinian.
Innumerable treasures, MasterPieces, Icons, and Priceless church Jewels, unique works of art, and irreplaceable manusripts were destroyed. The Byzantine Empire had ceased to Exist.
The Principality of Mistra in Southern Greece and the Empire of Trebizond survived the Fall of Constantinople for a few years . But their Subjection created no special problem for the turks. In 1460 the greek Principality of Morea was overrun , Thomas Paleologo, Emperor in Exile, Despot of Morea, fled to Italy, while his Brother the anti-Latin Demetruis join the courts of the sultan.
In 1461, the empire of trebizond also fell, bringing the last remnants of the greek territory under Turkish rule. Before the end of the Century, all the Balkans lands had been annexed by the ottomans.
Once more an Empire Stood , reaching from Mesoptamia to the Adriatic and having Constantinople as its Capital. The Empire of the Ottoman rose from the Ruins of the East Roman Empire.