Duke Charles Lennox

Duke Charles Lennox

Male 1764 - 1819  (54 years)    Has more than 250 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Charles Lennox 
    Prefix Duke 
    Born 9 Sep 1764  Lennox, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 28 Aug 1819  Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I84182  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 8 Sep 2010 

    Father George Henry Lennox,   b. 1742,   d. 25 Mar 1805  (Age 63 years) 
    Mother Louisa Mary Kerr,   b. 1739,   d. 25 Dec 1830  (Age 91 years) 
    Siblings 2 siblings 
    Family ID F34524  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Charlotte Gordon,   b. 20 Sep 1768, Castle Gordon, Banffshire & Morayshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 May 1842, Upper Grosvenor St., London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Married 9 Sep 1789  Castle Gordon, Banffshire & Morayshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Mary Gordon-Lennox,   b. 15 Aug 1790,   d. 7 Dec 1847  (Age 57 years)
     2. Duke Charles Gordon-Lennox,   b. 3 Aug 1791, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1860, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
     3. John Lennox,   b. 3 Oct 1793,   d. 10 Nov 1873  (Age 80 years)
     4. Sarah Lennox,   b. Abt 1794,   d. 8 Sep 1873  (Age ~ 79 years)
     5. Georgianna Lennox,   b. 30 Sep 1795, Molecombe, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Dec 1891, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 96 years)
     6. Jane Lennox,   b. 5 Sep 1798,   d. 27 Mar 1861  (Age 62 years)
     7. Charlotte Lennox,   b. Abt 1804,   d. 20 Aug 1833  (Age ~ 29 years)
     8. Arthur Lennox,   b. 2 Oct 1806,   d. 15 Jan 1864  (Age 57 years)
    Last Modified 13 Feb 2013 
    Family ID F34525  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • 4th Duke of Richmond & Lennox

      a British soldier and politician and Governor General of British North America.

      Richmond was a keen cricketer. He was an accomplished right-hand bat and a noted wicket-keeper. He was a founder member of the Marylebone Cricket Club. In 1786, together with the Earl of Winchilsea, Richmond offered Thomas Lord a guarantee against any losses Lord might suffer on starting a new cricket ground. This led to Lord opening his first cricket ground in 1787. Although Lord's Cricket Ground has since moved twice, Lennox' and Winchilsea's guarantee provided the genesis of the best-known cricket ground in the world, a ground known as the Home of Cricket. Nearly always listed as the Hon. Colonel Charles Lennox in contemporary scorecards, Lennox had 55 recorded first-class appearances from 1784 to 1800 and played a few more games after that.

      Richmond became a British Army captain in at the age of 23 in 1787. On 17 May 1789, while a colonel in the Duke of York's regiment, he was involved in a duel with Frederick, Duke of York, who had expressed the opinion that "Colonel Lennox had heard words spoken to him at Daughbigny's, to which no gentleman ought to have submitted", effectively an accusation of failing to respond to an insult in the way that a gentleman should. At Wimbledon Common, Lennox fired, but his ball "grazed his Royal Highness's curl"; the Duke did not fire. Colonel Lennox shortly after exchanged his company for the commission of Lieutenant-Colonel in the 35th Regiment of Foot. On July 1 of the same year, he was involved in another duel, with Theophilus Swift, Esq., in consequence of a pamphlet criticising Lennox's character published under Swift's name. They met in a field near the Uxbridge Road, where Swift was wounded in the body, but recovered. Later in the year he married Lady Charlotte Gordon, daughter of the 4th Duke of Gordon. In 1794 and 1795 he participated in naval engagements against the French in the West Indies and Gibraltar, but was sent home when he came into conflict with his superiors. He was also MP for Sussex, succeeding his father, from 1790 until he succeeded to the dukedom.

      He became the 4th Duke of Richmond on 29 December 1806, after the death of his uncle, Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond. In April 1807 he became Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He remained in that post until 1813, with Arthur Wellesley (the later Duke of Wellington) as his secretary. He participated in the Napoleonic Wars and in 1815 he was in command of a reserve force in Brussels, which was protecting that city in case Napoleon won the Battle of Waterloo. On 15 June, the night before the Battle of Quatre Bras, his wife held a ball for his fellow officers. Although he observed the battle the next day, as well as Waterloo on 18 June, he did not participate in either. In the 1970 movie Waterloo, his wife is played by Virginia McKenna, and his daughter Sarah and brother-in-law are also portrayed.

      In 1818 he was appointed Governor General of Upper Canada. While visiting the territory in 1819, he was bitten by a pet fox, and died of rabies on 28 August of that year. The night before his death, he slept at the "Masonic Arms" a tavern in Richmond, Ontario owned by Andrew Hill (former Sgt. Maj. of the 100th Regiment of Foot) and Maria Hill, his wife and heroine of the War of 1812. After the Duke of Richmond?s death, Maria prepared his body to be sent back to Quebec City for burial and Hill?s tavern was renamed the ?Duke of Richmond Arms? to commemorate the visit. Lennox's title was inherited by his son, Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond. Lennox was given a state funeral in Quebec City, and he is buried in the city's Anglican Holy Trinity Cathedral


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