1293 - 1350 (57 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Philippe de Valois |
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Jeanne de Bourgogne, d. 1348 |
| ||1. Marie de Valois, d. 1333|
| ||2. Roy Jean Capet, II, 'le Bon', b. 1319, d. 9 Apr 1364, London, Middlesex, England (Age 45 years)|
| ||3. Louis de Valois, b. 1328, d. Bef 1330 (Age 2 years)|
| ||4. Louis de Valois, b. 1330, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||5. Jean de Valois, b. 1333, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||6. NN de Valois, b. 1335, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||7. Duc Philippe d' Orléans, b. 1336, d. 1375 (Age 39 years)|
| ||8. Jeanne de Valois, b. 1337, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||9. NN de Valois, b. 1343, d. Yes, date unknown|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- THE DIRECT VALOIS LINE
This branch of the Capetian dynasty mounted the throne of France in 1328 through Philip VI, son of Charles de Valois and nephew of Philip IV the Fair, since the latter's three sons had all died without leaving a male heir. The new king was chosen by leading noblemen in the kingdom in preference to King Edward III of England, despite the fact that he was Philip IV the Fair's grandson through his mother, Isabella.
The Valois dynasty ruled France from 1328 to 1589. Three lines resulted from the dynasty. The direct Valois line (1328-1498) gave France seven kings from Philip VI to Charles VIII, was another l 70-year period of succession from father to son.
This was a very difficult time, marked by the Hundred Years' War, the imprisonment of King John II the Good, the insanity of King Charles VI and the civil war between Armagnacs and Burgundians. However, the second half of the 15th century brought a strengthening of royal authority with King Charles VII (1422-1461) and King Louis XI (1461-14831.
In 1498, Charles VIII died without a male heir and the crown passed to the nearest living prince of the blood, his cousin, the Duke d'Orleans who became King Louis XII.
King of France (1328-1350).
Philip VI, the son of Charles de Valois and Margaret of Anjou and nephew of Philip the Fair, became Regent then, on the death of Charles IV in 1328 without a male heir, he mounted the throne, setting aside the claims of Philippe of Evreux and Edward III of England. He was the founder of the Valois dynasty which was to give France its monarchs until 1589. Philip VI began by launching a campaign in Flanders which was again in the grip of rebellion. He won the Battle of Kassel in 1328. However, his reign was more particularly marked by the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. King Edward III of England agreed to pay homage to Philip VI for his lands in France in 1329 but Philippe's claims to Guyenne and Flanders swiftly led to an outbreak of hostilities. In 1337, the King of France announced the seizure of Guyenne. Edward III claimed the throne of France and allied himself with Flanders then with Brittany; he even proclaimed himself king in 1340. The war began badly for the French who were defeated at sea at the Battle of Sluis in 1340 and on land at Crecy in 1346. The English took Calais in the following year. The terrifying plague epidemic that then swept through Western Europe led to the signature of a truce in 1348, thanks to mediation from the Pope. Philip VI died before war broke out again. In addition to the lands he had held in appanage consisting of the Valois, Anjou and Maine areas, he acquired Champagne, Brie, Dauphine and Montpellier for the Crown. His reign was marked by a strengthening of royal taxation to fund the war, by repeated meetings of the States General and by the definition of the role of the Parliament. When Philip VI de Valois died in 1350, he was succeeded by his eldest son, John II the Good.