1268 - 1314 (46 years)
Has more than 250 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.
||Philippe de France |
||IV, "le Bel" |
||29 Nov 1314
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Reina Juana I de Navarra et Champagne, b. 1271-1272, d. 4 Feb 1304-1305 (Age 33 years) |
| ||1. Marguerite de France|
| ||2. Roy Louis de France, X, "le Hutin", b. 1289, d. 1316 (Age 27 years)|
| ||3. Blanche de France|
| ||4. Isabella de France, "the she-wolf", b. 1292, d. 22 Aug 1358, Hertford Castle (Age 66 years)|
| ||5. Roy Philippe V de France, "le Long", b. Abt 1294, d. 3 Jan 1322 (Age ~ 28 years)|
| ||6. Roy Charles de France, IV, "Le Bel", b. 1295, d. 1328 (Age 33 years)|
| ||7. Robert de France, b. Abt 1297, d. 1308 (Age ~ 11 years)|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King of France (1285- 1314).
Philip IV the Fair, second son of Philip III the Bold and Isabella of Aragon, mounted the throne in 1285 on the death of his father. In 1284, he marred Jeanne of Navarre-Champagne, bringing these two provinces to the Crown. Philip the Fair began by signing the Treaty of Tarascon (1291) in order to end the Aragon crusa?de. He then turned his attention to Flanders and England. In 1294, he confiscated Edward I's lands in France. War was waged in Guyenne, in south-western France, which the French monarch's army conquered in 1296; it ended with the signature of the Treaty of Montreuil in 1299, paving the way for the marriage of Philip the Fair's sister with Edward I and the wedding of the King of France's daughter with the heir to the throne of England. Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, signed in 1303, Philip the Fair returned to Edward I the territories conquered between 1294 and 1297. However, the alliance between England and Flanders moved the figh?ting to the north of France. After the French victory in Fumes in 1297, the French army occupied Flanders in 1300 but a revolt forced the French out of Bruges and Philip the Fair was defeated in Courtrai in 1302. The King of France took his revenge over the Flemings in Mons-en-Pevele in 1304. The Peace of Athis, signed the following year, enabled him to annex Flanders. During his reign, he also took over the Bar and Lyon areas. In order to finance the wars, and overcome a diffi?cult financial situation, Philip the Fair implemented a series of devaluations bet?ween 1290 and 1309. He sought further funding by confiscating property belon?ging to the Lombards and Jews in 1292 then levied the first indirect tax. However, the monarch's main preoccupation was the levying of exceptional taxes on the clergy; this led him into serious conflict with the Pope from 1296 onwards. When, in 1301, Philip the Fair ordered the arrest of Bernard Saisset, Bishop of Pamiers and papal legate, on charges of treason, Pope Boniface VIII convened a council of the Church of France in Rome. The king countered with a meeting of the three orders of the kingdom (April 1302), a forerunner of the future States General. The meeting gave him its support. In the papal bull entitled Unam sanctum, the Pope repeated his theory of papal superiority over soveriegns (1302). The struggle ended with the terrorist attack in Anagni in 1303, an attempt at intimidation but which, in fact, cost the Pope his life. Reconciliation did not occur until the elec?tion of the French Pope, Clement V, in 1305. He transferred the Holy See to Avignon in 1309. Financial difficulties led Philip the Fair into conflict with the Order of the Temple, which was abolished. Its members were arrested, sentenced and put to death; among them was the Grand Master, Jacques de Molay (1307-?1314). The king's domestic policies were aimed at a strengthening of royal pre?rogatives, aided by his legal advisers (Pierre Flote, Enguerrand de Marigny and Guilllaume de Nogaret). This frequently led him to convene meetings of the three orders in order to seek approval for his ideas. The last months of Philip the Fair's reign were marred by the scandal surrounding his sons' wives who were condem?ned for adultery. The monarch was also faced with a revolt on the part of the nobi?lity, discontented with the levying of further taxation. The king died in 1314 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Louis X the Stubborn.