1423 - 1483 (60 years)
Has more than 250 ancestors and 37 descendants in this family tree.
||Louis Capet |
||3 Jul 1423
||30 Aug 1483
||9 Oct 2002 |
||Roy Charles Capet, VII, 'the Victorious', b. 22 Feb 1403, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr , d. 21 Jul 1461, Mehun-sur-Yèvre, Cher (Age 58 years) |
||Maria di Napoli, b. 14 Oct 1404, Angers, Maine-et-Loire , d. 29 Nov 1463 (Age 59 years) |
||18 Dec 1422
||12 siblings |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Charlotte di Savoya, b. Abt 1445, d. 1 Dec 1483 (Age ~ 38 years) |
||14 Feb 1451
| ||1. Joachim Capet, b. 1459, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||2. Louise Capet, b. 1460, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Anna de France, b. 1461, d. 1522 (Age 61 years)|
| ||4. Jeanne Capet, b. 1464, d. 1505 (Age 41 years)|
| ||5. François Capet, b. 1466, d. Bef 1472 (Age 6 years)|
| ||6. Roy Charles Capet, VIII, b. 30 Jun 1470, Amboise, Indre-et-Loire , d. 8 Apr 1498, Amboise, Indre-et-Loire (Age 27 years)|
| ||7. François Capet, b. 1472, d. 1473 (Age 1 years)|
||2 Dec 2002 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King of France (1461-1483).
Louis, the eldest son of Charles VIl and Mary of Anjou, spent his father's reign plotting against him (in 1440 during the "Praguerie" and again in 1456 when he was forced to seek refuge at the Duke of Burgundy's court). In 1447, Charles VII granted him the government of Dauphine. Once he became king, on his father's death in 1461, he was able to take advantage of the order brought to the kingdom and he continued his father's work in the financial and legal spheres. By doing so, he was able to continue the territorial reconstruction of France, the main achievement of his reign, by fighting the last great noblemen' in particular the Duke of Burgundy. In 1465, Louis XI was faced with a revolt on the part of the princes who had joined forces in the League of the Public Weal. After the indecisive Battle of Montlhery, he signed the Treaties of Conflans and Saint-Maur-des-Fosses. A further feudal revolt led by Charles the Bold, who had been Duke of Burgundy since 1467, led to the meeting in Peronne at which Louis Xl, believing he could outwit his adversary, was taken prisoner by Charles and only released under humiliating conditions (1468). From then on, Charles the Bold was the monarch's main enemy throughout his reign, an enemy whose power had to removed. The struggle between the two men lasted until 1477. Louis XI gradually isolated him, giving his own brother, Charles, the Duchy of Guyenne in 1469 then signing the Treaty of Picquigny with Edward IV of England in 1475. Charles the Bold's claims led to a rebellion on the part of the Swiss and Alsatians. Charles was defeated in Grandson and Morat (1476) and killed at the Siege of Nancy in 1477. Burgundy and Picardy were annexed to the crown; the remainder of the Burgundian possessions passed to the House of Austria (Treaty of Arras in 1482 signed with Maximilian of Austria). Louis XI then acquired Anjou, Maine and Provence in 1480-1481 when the House of Anjou died out. He encouraged an economic boom through tax exemptions, improvements to the transport system and incentives for the creation of fairs. He was succeeded by his only living son, Charles, in 1483.
Louis XI had been brought up in Loches. However he made a state prison out of this castle where his father had led an ostentatious life. If one believes in ghosts, this was the place where one would expect to find them, even if the sinister "Fillettes" - wooden cages covered with iron - were above all meant to carry prisoners.
When he succeeded Charles VII, King Louis came to live at Amboise with his wife Charlotte of Savoy and his children. From this palace which still had the defensive characteristics from previous centuries, he meditated about his important plans, set his traps, hatched plots, and only showed signs of splendour at the weddings of princes or important ceremonies such as the creation of the Order of Saint Michel whose statutes he himself decreed. Later on, he preferred the sad Plessis les Tours to Amboise, a hunting ground and an even safer retreat. Haunted by death, but << always covetous of life >>, he besieged his doctor Coictier with requests, sent the Cardinal Labalue to receive numerous relics from the Pope, sent for Saint Francis de Paul in Italy in the hope of a miracle. To amuse himself he received adventure story tellers and gypsy women with their intelligent animals and to make his enemies believe he was still gallant, he sent messengers out with the task of buying him dogs, falcons and deer.
Up to his very last day, Louis XI continued to exercise his authoritative power.
Chinon, Loches, Amboise and Plessis les Tours, still recalled the feudal architecture but soon the transalpine wars were going to make residences inspired by Italian art fashionable.