Roy Louis de France, IX, 'the Saint'

Roy Louis de France, IX, 'the Saint'

Male 1214 - 1270  (56 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Louis de France 
    Prefix Roy 
    Suffix IX, 'the Saint' 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 25 Apr 1214  Poissy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 25 Aug 1270  bij Tunis Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I7613  Geneagraphie | Voorouders HW
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 

    Father Roy Louis de France, VIII, "le Lion",   b. 5 Sep 1187, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Montpensier Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Mother Blanche de Castilla,   b. 4 Mar 1188, Palencia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Sep 1252, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Married 23 May 1200  Pont-Audemer, Normandy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 11 siblings 
    Family ID F3433  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaretha de Provence,   b. 1221, St.Maime nr.Forcalquier Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Dec 1295, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 27 May 1234  Sens Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Blanche de France,   b. 1240,   d. 1243  (Age 3 years)
     2. Isabella de France,   b. 1242,   d. 1271  (Age 29 years)
     3. Louis de France,   b. 1244,   d. 1260  (Age 16 years)
     4. Roy Philippe de France, III, "le Hardi",   b. 1 May 1245, Poissy, Yvelines Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1285, Perpignan Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
     5. Jean de France,   b. 1247,   d. 1248  (Age 1 years)
     6. Comte Jean-Tristan de Valois,   b. 1250,   d. 1270  (Age 20 years)
     7. Pierre de France,   b. 1251,   d. 1284  (Age 33 years)
     8. Blanche de France,   b. 1253,   d. 17 Jun 1320  (Age 67 years)
     9. Marguerite de France,   b. 1254,   d. 1271  (Age 17 years)
     10. Comte Robert de Clermont,   b. 1256,   d. 7 Feb 1318  (Age 62 years)
     11. Agnes de France,   b. 1260,   d. 1327  (Age 67 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F3429  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Roy Louis de France, IX, 'the Saint'
    Roy Louis de France, IX, 'the Saint'
    par Le Greco

  • Notes 
    • King of France (1226-1270).
      Louis IX, son of, and successor to, Louis VIII the Lion, mounted the throne of France at the age of twelve. Initially, he reigned under the control of his mother, Blanche of Castile, who was confronted by a coalition of major vassals led by Peter Mauclerc, Count of Brittany. She succeeded in defeating him in 1234 after several campaigns while Louis IX himself put down a revolt on the part of noblemen sup­ported by King Henry III of England in 1230. Under the terms of the Treaty of Meaux (1229), the regent ended that war against the Albigensians and prepared for the annexation of the County of Toulouse to the Crown (through the marriage of her other son, Alphonse, with the heiress to the County of Toulouse in l 241). Louis IX was proclaimed to have reached the age of majority in 1234 but he left his mother to continue governing the country and, that same year, she married him to Margaret of Provence. A further revolt by a leading vassal, Hugh of Lusiganan, in 1241 re-opened hostilities between France and England. Henry III landed on the continent in 1242 but was defeated by Louis IX in Taillebourg and Saintes. A five­year truce was agreed the following year. First and foremost, however, the King of France sought a fair, long-lasting peace with England. He signed the Treaty of Paris with Henry III in 1258. Under it, the monarchs made reciprocal territorial conces­sions (the King of England waived his claims to the lands lost since the reign of Philip Augustus and the King of France gave him the Limousin, Quercy and Perigord regions). In the same vein, Louis IX signed the Treaty of Corbeil with Jaime I of Aragon during the same year. As far as domestic policy was concerned, Louis IX's reign was marked by his desire for order and justice (private warfare and duelling were prohibited, royal investigators were sent out to monitor the affairs of bailiffs, there were numerous ordinances aimed at reforming the kingdom, a par­liament was set up and monetary reform was undertaken). France then became highly influential throughout Europe on an ethical, intellectual and artistic level. All these measures underlined a strengthening of royal power. The monarchy was to be at the service of all since it was often the people's only effective safeguard against the disorders of the feudal system. Louis IX was a sovereign with a fervent Christian faith and, after a serious illness, he made a promise to take part in a cru­sade. He participated in the last two crusades to the Holy Land. During the first one, he was absent from his kingdom for six years, from 1248 to 1254, leaving his mother and, later, his brothers, to govern. It was, though, a failure. He was even held prisoner in Egypt in 1250 before spending several years in Syria organising the fortification of French strongholds. During the second crusade, in 1270, Louis IX did not lead the expeditionary forces very far - he died of plague during an epidemic off Tunis. He was canonised in 1297. He was succeeded by his son, Philip III the Bold, since his elder son, Louis, had died in 1260.

      "de heilige"


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