1462 - Bef 1515 (53 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Louis de France |
||Bef Mar 1515
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Anna de Bretagne, b. 1476, d. 9 Jan 1514, Blois (Age 38 years) |
||8 Jan 1499
| ||1. Duchesse Claude de Bretagne, b. 13 Oct 1499, d. 20 Jul 1524, Blois (Age 24 years)|
| ||2. NN Capet, b. 1503, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Duchesse Renée de Chartres, b. 25 Oct 1510, d. 12 Jun 1575 (Age 64 years)|
| ||4. NN Capet, b. 1512, d. Yes, date unknown|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Mary Tudor, b. 18 Mar 1496, Richmond , d. 25 Jun 1533, Westhorpe, Suffolk. (Age 37 years) |
||9 Oct 1514
||6 Oct 2002 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- THE VALOIS-ORLEANS DYNASTY / THE VALOI£-ANGOULEME LINE
The Valois-Orleans line (1498- 1515) had only one representative on the throne of France in the person of Louis XII. The line descended from Louis, Duke of Orleans, brother of Charles VI the Insane.
Louis XII died without leaving a male heir in 1515 and the crown passed to his son-in-law, Francis I, who was also a descendent of Louis, Duke of Orleans, through his father, Charles of Angouleme.
The Valois-Angouleme dynasty reigned over France from 1515 to 1589, giving the country five kings from Francois I to Henri III.
After the reigns of Francois I (1515-1547) and his son, Henri II (1547- 1559), which marked the "fine 16th century", the monarchy became weaker and had to deal with the Wars of Religion. Henri II's three sons succeeded each other on the throne of France but were unable to put a halt to the civil war. Moreover, they all died without a male heir.
In 1589, the death of Henri III gave the crown to the King of Navarre, Henri, the closest heir to the throne. He founded the Bourbon dynasty.
King of France (1498- 1515).
Louis, who became Duke of Orleans following the death of his father Charles, in 1465, married Jeanne of France, daughter of Louis XI, in 1476. He was one of the leaders of the "insane war" against the government of the Beaujeu couple who acted as regents until Charles VIII came of age. He was taken prisoner in 1488 and spent three years in detention before reconciling his differences with the king. He led a French army during the first Italian campaign in 1494-1495. When Charles VIII died without leaving an heir in 1498, he became King of France under the title of Louis XII. His first act was to annul his marriage with Jeanne of France and, in 1499, to marry Anne of Brittany, the widow of the previous monarch. He also launched an Italian campaign, following in his predecessor's footsteps and laying claim to the Milan area on the grounds that he was the grandson of Valentine Visconti. In 1499/1500, he seized the duchy then allied himself with Aragon in order to conquer the kingdom of Naples. However, following his success in the venture in 1501, a dispute broke out between the French and the Spaniards. The French were defeated and chased out of the area three years later. Under the terms of the Treaty of Blois (1504), Louis XII sought an alliance with Austria by promising his daughter, Claude, to the future Charles V. However, in the following year, the king changed his mind, annulled the intended marriage and promised his daughter to his cousin, Francois of Angouleme. A further expedition launched by Louis XII against Italy led to the capture of Genoa in 1507 and France joined the Cambrai League against Venice. After French victory at Agnadello (May 1509), the Pope turned against the French and set up the Holy League (1511) between Spain, Switzerland and England. The French army was victorious in Ravenna in 1512 but defeated in Novare in 1513 and Louis XII again lost the Milan area. At the same time, the monarch had to contend with an English landing in the north of France and his army was defeated in Guinegatte (1513). Eventually, in 1514, Louis XII made peace with England and negotiated his remarriage (Anne of Brittany having died) with Mary of England, the sister of King Henry VIII, hoping for the heir that he still did not have. Despite this final failure, the wars had no ill effects on the kingdom's prosperity, indeed, the French gained a great deal of wealth from Italy. Louis XII brought calm and peace back to the kingdom. He also ensured that government bodies operated efficiently by restructuring the Grand Council (1498), promulgating the Grand Ordinance of Blois (1499) and ensuring better management of taxation (1508 ordinance). He died without an heir in 1515 and was succeeded by his cousin and son-in-law, Francois of Angouleme.
The Duke who had been banished to Blois after a riotous youth as conspirer.
As early as 1499, he summoned an assembly of eminent people to the castle of Blois in order to work to reform the administrative system. His " statute of Blois " which was meant to abolish corrupt practices was to earn him the appellation of "father of the people".
The memory of Charles VIII left its trace on Amboise. Since the end of the XIVth century Blois had been the stately home of the Orleans' branch. Charles of Orleans, the poet prince and prisoner of Azincourt, had pleasantly spent his last few years here. Louis XII wanted to transform his father's castle into the seat of his government and the Court. He gave orders for important work to be carried out there. The King and Queen were very fond of the arts and also appreciated comfort. Beautiful pieces of furniture, extravagant tapestry work, gold and silver table services were brought from Nantes and Amboise. The most elaborate dishes were served at their table. Their gardens were admired by visitors ... in the colourful flower beds were lilies and ermines.