1319 - 1364 (45 years)
Has more than 250 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.
||Jean Capet |
||II, 'le Bon' |
||9 Apr 1364
||London, Middlesex, England
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Jutta von Böhmen-Luxemburg, b. 1315, d. 1349 (Age 34 years) |
| ||1. Roy Charles Capet, V, 'le Sage', b. 1338, Vincennes, Fr , d. 1380, Nogent-Sur-Marne, Val-de Marne, France (Age 42 years)|
| ||2. Re Lodovico I di Napoli, b. 23 Jul 1339, d. 22 Sep 1384 (Age 45 years)|
|+||3. Prince Jean I de Berry, "le Magnifique", b. 30 Nov 1340, d. 15 Jun 1416 (Age 75 years)|
| ||4. Duc Philippe de Bourgogne, II, 'the Bold', b. 17 Jan 1342, Pontoise , d. 27 Apr 1404, Halle a. d. Saale (Age 62 years)|
|+||5. Jeanne de France, b. 24 Jun 1343, d. 3 Nov 1373 (Age 30 years)|
|+||6. Marie de France, b. 18 Sep 1344, d. 15 Oct 1404 (Age 60 years)|
| ||7. Agnes Capet, b. 1345, d. 1349 (Age 4 years)|
| ||8. Marguerite Capet, b. 1347, d. 1352 (Age 5 years)|
| ||9. Isabella de France, b. 1 Oct 1348, Vincennes, Fr , d. 11 Sep 1372, Pavia, Lombardia, Italia (Age 23 years)|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King of France (1350-1364).
John II the Good was the eldest son of Philip VI de Valois and Jeanne of Burgundy; he succeeded his father in 1350. He was a man of limited intelligence, a good horseman but a mediocre politician who was poorly counselled and his reign remains a fairly disastrous period for France. The disorder resulting from the king's struggle against Charles the Bad, King of Navarre, led to another outbreak of war against the English in 1355. The Black Prince swept through Guyenne and Languedoc, spreading terror in his wake. King John II the Good lacked funds for the war so he convened the States General in order to obtain more. The States General, however, agreed to supply funds only if they had control over the way in which it was spent. In 1356, the French army was routed by the English at Poitiers and the King of France was taken prisoner. He was taken to London. During his four years in detention, John the Good lived a carefree life of luxury, leaving his son, Charles, to cope with the most serious crisis the French monarchy had ever known. The States General tried to impose on the Regent, Charles, extensive reform of the system of government including a supervisory role for them. This was the Grand Ordinance of 1357 and it would have meant a parliamentary monarchy. In 1358, Charles was also faced with a rebellion in Paris led by Etienne Marcel, Provost of Merchants,
and with a peasant revolt called the "Jacquerie". He succeeded in quelling both uprisings. The two treaties signed in London in 1358 and 1359 led to the liberation of King John II the Good, who returned to France in July 1360, but under draconian conditions. The entire Atlantic seaboard of the kingdom was given to Edward Ill of England, a huge ransom was demanded, and hostages were taken, including two of the king's sons. They were to be released only in return for full and final settlement of the ransom. Since the conditions were refused by the States General, war broke out again until the signature of the Treaty of Calais in 1360. In 136l, the Duke of Burgundy died without leaving an heir and John the Good annexed the duchy to the Crown then granted it, in appanage, to his youngest son, Philip the Bold. In 1363, one of the hostages handed over to the English in return for the release of King John the Good succeeded in escaping. It was the monarch's own son, the Duke of Anjou. The King, oblivious to all but his own code of chivalry and the laws of honour, returned to London and gave himself up in place of his son at the beginning of 1364. He died there a few months later and was succeeded by his eldest son, Charles V.