1519 - 1559 (40 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Henry de France |
||31 Mar 1519
||Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France
||10 Jul 1559
||Paris, Île-de-France, Fr
||9 Oct 2002 |
||Catherine di Medici, b. 13 Apr 1519, Firenze, Toscana, Italia , d. 15 Jan 1589, Blois, Loir-et-Cher (Age 69 years) |
||28 Oct 1533
||Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, France
| ||1. Roy Francois II de France, b. 19 Jan 1544, Fontainebleau , d. 5 Dec 1560, Orleans (Age 16 years)|
| ||2. Elisabeth de Valois, b. 2 Apr 1545, Fontainebleau , d. 3 Oct 1568, Aranjuez (Age 23 years)|
| ||3. Claude de France, b. 1547, d. 1575 (Age 28 years)|
| ||4. Louise de France, b. 1549, d. 1550 (Age 1 years)|
| ||5. Roy Charles de France, IX, b. 27 Jun 1550, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France , d. 20 Nov 1574, Vincennes (Age 24 years)|
| ||6. Roy Henry de France, III, b. 19 Sep 1551, Fontainebleau , d. 2 Aug 1589, Saint-Cloud, Hauts-de-Seine (Age 37 years)|
| ||7. Marguerite de Valois, b. 14 May 1553, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France , d. 27 Mar 1615, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr (Age 61 years)|
| ||8. Duc Francois Hercule d' Alencon, b. 1554, d. 1 Jun 1584 (Age 30 years)|
| ||9. Victoiree de France, b. 1556, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||10. Jeanne de France, b. 1556, d. Yes, date unknown|
||4 Dec 2001 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King of France (1547-1559).
Henri II, the second son of Francis I and Claude of France, became heir to the throne after the death of his elder brother in 1536. In 1533, he married Catherine de Medici. In 1547, he succeeded his father and continued the latter's policies which aimed to counter the House of Austria. Having negotiated with England to buy back Boulogne (1550), Henri II then contacted the Lutheran German princes, strengthened his alliance with Turkey and waged war against Charles V in 1552 by occupying the three bishoprics of Metz, Tout and Verdun. The imperial army besieged Metz in 1552 but failed to take the town. It also failed in its attempt to take over the Artois area in 1554. The French, for their part, capitulated in Sienna in Italy in 1555 and, eventually, a truce was signed in Vaucelles in 1556. It was to be short-lived for Henri II began to wage war again in the following year, against the son and successor of Charles V, Philip II. The latter was allied with England, having married Queen Mary Tudor. The war began badly for France, which was defeated in Saint Quentin in 1557 and launched an expedition against Naples that proved to be a total failure. In 1558, however, Francois de Guise took Calais from the English. The two monarchs, tired of war and worried about the spread of Protestantism in their two countries, entered negotiations which led to the Treaty of Cateau Cambresis (1559). Henri II retained Calais and the three bishoprics but waived his claims to the Milan area, and this marked the end of the Italian Campaign. The King of France could then devote himself to the struggle against Protestantism. At the very beginning of his reign, influenced by his mistress, Diane of Poitiers, he promulgated the Edict of Chateaubriant which instigated sweeping repression. The Edict of Ecouen (1559) was even more stringent. Henri II's reign was also marked by the introduction of the "presidial", an intermediate Court, and of Secretaries of State. This was an indication of the strengthening of royal power. The financial situation, however, worsened and the government had to live on contingencies. Henri II died in 1559 after being wounded in the eye during a tournament arranged to celebrate the marriage of his daughter, Elisabeth, with Philip II of Spain. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Francois II and his wife, Mary, Queen of Scots.
Queen Mary of Scotland and France assumes the title Queen of England also
The glamourous memory of Francis I conduced to erase the fact that the Renaissance as regards literature, arts, architecture and furniture was going to reach its true height under Henry II's reign. It was during his reign that the famous encounter between Ronsard and du Bellay caused the progress of the important poetical movement of the Pleiade. Diane of Poitiers, beautiful and eternally young just like the goddess whose name she bore, was the uncrowned queen of this court where the happy days of the former reign had become established. In his sober black and white suit, the favourite colours of his loved one, Henry II's one and only thought was to please her ... He gave his wife, Catherine la Florentine, ten children, but he was a man who only had one love ... an affair which was to last twenty years. Skilful, ambitious, covetous, aware of her power, Diane accepted the most valuable gifts, above all Chenonceau and the Crown jewels. In Chenonceau she ordered the bridge from Philibert Delorme, a bridge which linked the castle with the right bank of the Cher and filled its gardens with rare plants. FIer residence luxuriously rivalled the royal palaces. She held celebrations here, was a patron to the arts of the Renaissance and played queen, right up to the day in 1559 when the king fell mortally wounded in a tournament. Queen Catherine, who had had to tolerate her for so long and who envied her happiness, chased her from Chenonceau ... The proud favourite had to stand aside ... but her beauty, immortalised in the marble and idealized by the most famous artists of that time, had already taken its place in history.