1470 - 1498 (27 years)
Has more than 250 ancestors and 4 descendants in this family tree.
||Charles Capet |
||30 Jun 1470
||8 Apr 1498
||9 Oct 2002 |
||Anna de Bretagne, b. 1476, d. 9 Jan 1514, Blois (Age 38 years) |
||6 Dec 1491
||Castle d'Langeais, Indre-et-Loire
||9 Oct 2002 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King of France (1483-1498).
Charles VIII was Louis XI's only living male heir and he became king at the age of 13 when his father died, in 1483. Initially, he reigned under the control of his sister, Anne, and her husband, Pierre de Beaujeu. They were faced with the "insane war", a revolt on the part of Breton noblemen and the Duke d'Orleans. It was ended by the victory of the royal troops at Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier and the signature of the Treaty of Le Verger in 1488. The question of Breton succession turned to the King of France's advantage when he married Anne, the heiress to the Duchy, in 1491. This paved the way for the region's future annexation to the crown of France (however, it had required negotiations with England leading to the signature of the Treaty of Etaples in 1492, then with Maximilian of Austria to whom Anne had been betrothed and the signature of the Treaty of Senlis in 1493). Charles VIII put an end to the regency in 1491 and decided to govern on his own. The main event in his reign was the beginning of the Italian Campaign. He sent a favourable response to the Pope in the latter's struggle against the King of Naples and, claiming that he held rights inherited from the House of Anjou, launched an expedition in 1494. It began victoriously with a rapid sweep through the peninsula and the capture of Naples in February 1495. The conquest then led to an uprising and the setting up of an anti-French league. Charles VIII abandoned the kingdom of Naples and found it difficult to make his way back to France although he was victorious at the Battle of Fornova in July 1495. His failure marked the end of the King of France's Italian dream. Charles VIII died in 1498 while preparing to take revenge. He left no living heir, since the three sons he had had by Anne of Brittany all died young, and the crown passed to his cousin, the Duke d'Orleans, who reigned under the title Louis XII. Thus 1498 marked the end of the direct Valois line and the accession of the Valois-Orleans dynasty.
In the castle of Langeais the son of Louis XI married the duchess Ann of Brittany. The prerenaissance was conceived with Charles and Anne.
Charles, who had spent his childhood in Amboise remained very attached to this royal residence. He took pleasure in making it more attractive and did his utmost to make his wife's stay more pleasant. In the course of several years, the old warlike fortress was skilfully transformed. The best architects and the most renowned craftsmen constructed the gothic residence and the Saint-Hubert chapel.
On his return from his Neapolitan campaign, the king brought back from Italy furniture, paintings, valuable articles ...
From his expedition he especially brought back painters, stone-cutters, woodworkers, Italian whose services were generously remunerated. Everything was set under way to make Amboise the most beautiful palace in France and the enchanted setting for magnificient celebrations...
The Court of Amboise with the poets and artists whom Charles and Ann took delight in surrounding themselves with, was already showing signs of how grand it was to become. However the accidental death of the young king was going to cast gloom over the court.
- (Medical):knocked his forehead against the lintel of a door in the Haquelebac gallery