1403 - 1461 (58 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Charles Capet |
||VII, 'the Victorious' |
||22 Feb 1403
||Paris, Île-de-France, Fr
||21 Jul 1461
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Roy Charles Capet, VI, 'the Mad', b. 1368, d. 1422 (Age 54 years) |
||Elizabeth von Bayern, b. 1369-1371, d. 30 Sep 1435, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr (Age 64 years) |
||17 Jul 1385
||Amiens, Somme, Picardie, France
||11 siblings |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Maria di Napoli, b. 14 Oct 1404, Angers, Maine-et-Loire , d. 29 Nov 1463 (Age 59 years) |
||18 Dec 1422
| ||1. Roy Louis Capet, XI, b. 3 Jul 1423, Bourges, Cher , d. 30 Aug 1483, Plessis-lez-Tours (Age 60 years)|
| ||2. Jean Capet, b. 1425, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Radegund Capet, b. Abt 1428, d. 1444 (Age ~ 16 years)|
| ||4. Catharina Capet, b. Abt 1428, d. 1446 (Age ~ 18 years)|
| ||5. Jacques Capet, b. 1432, d. 1437 (Age 5 years)|
| ||6. Yolande Capet, b. 1434, d. 1478 (Age 44 years)|
| ||7. Jeanne de France, b. Abt 1435, d. 4 May 1482 (Age ~ 47 years)|
| ||8. Philippe Capet, b. 1436, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||9. Marguerite Capet, b. 1437, d. 1438 (Age 1 years)|
| ||10. Marie Capet, b. 1438, d. 1439 (Age 1 years)|
| ||11. Jeanne Capet, b. 1438, d. 1446 (Age 8 years)|
| ||12. Madeleine de France, b. 1 Dec 1443, d. Bef 24 Jan 1495 (Age 51 years)|
| ||13. Charles Capet, b. 1446, d. 1472 (Age 26 years)|
||18 Oct 2004 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King of France (1422-1461).
Charles was the fifth son of Charles VI and Isabella of Bavaria. He became heir apparent (or "dauphin") in 1417, on the death of his elder brothers. In 1418, he had to flee Paris which was occupied by the Burgundians; he sought refuge in Bourges. Disinherited by his father under the terms of the Treaty of Troyes in 1420) in favour of King Henry V of England, the death of Charles VI in 1422 made him a monarch whose legitimacy was controversial and whose authority was limited to an area south of the Loire River. He was known as the "King of Bourges". His main task was to reconquer his kingdom. The early years were difficult. The royal army was defeated at Cravant in 1423 then in Verneuil-sur-Avre in 1424 by the English and Burgundians who went on to besiege Orleans in 1428. Gradually, though, a feeling of national resistance began to grow, embodied by Joan of Arc from 1429 onwards. Having obtained English agreement to lift the Siege of Orleans, she took King Charles VII to Reims where he was crowned in July 1429. This gave him the legitimacy that he had previously lacked. Joan of Arc's capture in Compiegne in 1430 followed by her trial and death in 1431 did not prevent the situation turning in favour of Charles VII who then enjoyed support from courageous warriors such as La Hire, Xaintrailles or the Constable de Richemont. In 1435, he put an end to the Anglo-Burgundian alliance by signing the Peace of Arras with the Duke of Burgundy, this enabled him to retake Paris and officially enter the town in 1437. Despite rebellion against royal authority on the part of princes in l 440 (the "Praguerie"), he continued to reconquer his kingdom, taking land back from the English. In 1144, the English agreed to the signature of a five year truce which Charles VII put to effect by reorganising the army (ordinances of 1445 and 1448 creating ordinance and archery companies). He also reorganised royal finances (since 1439, the tithe had been a permanent tax). A further outbreak of war in 1449 marked the final stages of Charles VIl's reconquest of the kingdom. The English lost Normandy in 1450 after their defeat in Formigny and Guyenne after the French victory at Castillon-la-Bataille. Bordeaux was retaken in 1453. The Hundred Years' War was at an end and the only English possession left in France was Calais. The French monarchy emerged from these struggles in a stronger position thanks to the institutions set up by Charles VII. Of all the leading vassals, only one retained his power and influence - the Duke of Burgundy. The king had also shown his authority over the Church by the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges (]438) which limited papal power over French bishops. The end of his reign was a period of revival, a foretaste of the "fine 16th century". On his death in 1461, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Louis XI.
In 1428, Chinon was one of Charles VII's last fortresses. He took refuge behind these impregnatable walls, for the circumstances could hardly be called reassuring. The Regent Bedford wanted to force a way over the Loire. Orleans, besieged by the English army, seemed lost. On 6th March, 1429, Joan of Arc was accepted into the grand hall of the castle in Chinon by he whom she called " the gentil Dauphin". He listened to her attentively and sent her to his theologians. Alain Chartier, the Court poet, was to be one of the first to think that "this young girl was sent from the heavens". In Chinon France's destiny and the future of the dynasty was at stake, and it was in Loches that the heroine incited the king to leave for Rheims.
After the astonishing epopee and sacrifice of Joan, Charles VII showed a partiality for his residence in Loches. Here he spent his happiest years with the ravishing Agnes Sorel.
Charles VII, was inconsistent, capricious, irresponsible, suspicious, fearful of assassination attempts and very insecure. He had a phobia for bridges since John the fearless had been murdered on a bridge in his presence. Some weeks before his death Charles VII had a psychotic reaction, refusing all food.