Roy Charles de France, IX

Roy Charles de France, IX

Male 1550 - 1574  (24 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 6 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Charles de France 
    Prefix Roy 
    Suffix IX 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 27 Jun 1550  Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 20 Nov 1574  Vincennes Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I7555  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 9 Oct 2002 

    Father Roy Henry de France, II,   b. 31 Mar 1519, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jul 1559, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Mother Catherine di Medici,   b. 13 Apr 1519, Firenze, Toscana, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jan 1589, Blois, Loir-et-Cher Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years) 
    Married 28 Oct 1533  Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 9 siblings 
    Family ID F3413  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Elisabeth von Österreich,   b. 5 Jun 1554, Wien, Österreich Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jan 1592, Wien, Österreich Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Married 26 Nov 1570 
    Children 
     1. Marie Elisabeth de France,   b. 27 Oct 1572,   d. 9 Apr 1578  (Age 5 years)
    Last Modified 4 Dec 2001 
    Family ID F3406  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Marie Touchet,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Duc Charles de Valois,   b. 28 Apr 1573, Château de Fayet-en-Dauphiné Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Sep 1650  (Age 77 years)
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2002 
    Family ID F137721  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    7555.jpg
    7555.jpg

  • Notes 
    • King of France (1560-1574).
      The third son of Henri II and Catherine de Medici succeeded his brother, Francois II, in 1560 at the age of 10. His mother remained Regent until 1563 but was highly influential throughout his reign. With the Chancellor, Michel de I,'Hospital, she instigated a policy of appeasement between Catholics and Protestants. However, the massacre of Protestants at Wassy by the Duc de Guise' followers in March 1562 led to the heart-rending Wars of Religion that were to spread bloodshed throughout France for 36 years. The first war was marked by a number of military campaigns, the alliance between the French Protestants and England (1562) and the assassination of Duc Francis de Guise (1563). It ended with the Peace of Amboise signed in March 1563. Once peace returned, Catherine de Medici set off with King Charles IX on a tour of France that lasted more than two years. Its aim was to unite the kingdom around the king. It was also at this time that the Grand Ordinance of Moulins was promulgated with a view to refor­ming the justice system and extending the monarch's powers (1566). An attempt by the Protestants to kidnap Charles IX in September 1567 re-opened hostilities. The Catholics won the Battle of Saint-Denis and a peace treaty was signed in Longjumeau in March 1568. The dismissal of Michel de L'Hospital in May 1568 resulted in a third wave of warfare. The Protestants were defeated in Jarnac and Moncontour (1569) and the war ended with the Peace of Saint-Germain (1570), an attempt at reconciliation on the part of the king who planned to marry his sis­ter, Marguerite, to Henri of Navarre. Their marriage in August 1572 was one of the causes of the massacre of Protestants on St. Bartholomew's Day which Charles IX was unable to prevent and to which he grudgingly agreed to please his mother. This event re-ignited the war and the Catholics tried, in vain, to capture La Rochelle. The Edict of Boulogne put an end to this fourth war (July 1573). Charles IX died in 1574 just as fighting was about to break out again. His marria­ge with Elisabeth of Austria had produced only one daughter and the crown the­refore passed to his brother, Henri III, the third son of Henri II.
      ****************************************
      His many years left as a minor was to confer all his powers to Queen Catherine. Inspite of the civil war, the Court moved from castle to castle. Chenonceau remained the privileged setting for the most splendid receptions: dances, banquets, mas­querades, joisting over the Cher, fireworks. The damsels of the flying squadron were the nymphs and mermaids of this fairy-like setting.
      In Blois Joan of Albret signed the marriage contract between her son Henry (the future Henry IV) and Margaret of France, sister of Charles IX. This marriage was meant to be the reign of a reconciliation between Cath­olics and Protestants. In fact it was nothing of the kind. Each party played a game full of treachery which led to the worst kinds of insurrection. The Admiral of Coligny became too powerful. He was assasinated during the night of 24th August 1572. The horrible mas­sacre of the Saint Barthelemy was to remain the major event during this sombre period. During the three years which were to follow, the castles of the Loire were abandoned and the weak Charles IX's reign dismally came to an end.


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