Col. Robert  Carter, "King"

Col. Robert Carter, "King"

Male 1663 - 1732  (69 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Robert Carter 
    Prefix Col. 
    Suffix "King" 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 4 Aug 1663  Corotoman, Lancaster, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 4 Aug 1732  Corotoman, Lancaster, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Christ Church, Lancaster, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I74896  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Robert Carter at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 26 Feb 2008 

    Father John Carter,   b. 1620,   d. 10 Jun 1696  (Age 76 years) 
    Mother Sarah Ludlow,   b. 1635,   d. 1668  (Age 33 years) 
    Family ID F30449  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Julia Armistead,   b. 1665, Hesse, Gloucester Co. VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Feb 1699, Corotoman, Lancaster, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years) 
    Married Abt 1688  Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Elizabeth Carter,   b. 1688, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1734, Carter's Creek Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     2. John Carter, II,   b. 1689, Lancaster Co., VA. Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Apr 1742  (Age 53 years)
     3. Judith Carter,   b. 1693, Corotoman, Lancaster, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1757, Rosewell Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     4. Anne Carter,   b. 1696, Corotoman, Lancaster, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1743, Berkeley, Charles City Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years)
    Last Modified 26 Feb 2008 
    Family ID F30448  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elizabeth Landon,   b. Abt 1684,   d. 3 Jul 1719  (Age ~ 35 years) 
    Married Abt 1701  Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Anne Carter,   b. 1702,   d. Abt 1744  (Age 42 years)
     2. Robert Carter, Jr.,   b. 1705, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1732  (Age 27 years)
     3. Betty Carter,   b. Abt 1706,   d. Bef 1719  (Age ~ 13 years)
     4. Charles Carter,   b. 1707,   d. 1764  (Age 57 years)
     5. George Carter,   b. 1709,   d. 1743  (Age 34 years)
     6. Col. Landon Carter,   b. 7 Jun 1710, Corotoman, Lancaster, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Dec 1778, Sabine Hall, Richmond Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     7. Sarah Carter,   b. 1711,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. Mary Carter,   b. 1712,   d. 1736  (Age 24 years)
     9. Ludlow Carter,   b. 1713,   d. Yes, date unknown
     10. Lucy Carter,   b. Abt 1715,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 12 Dec 2001 
    Family ID F31574  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Robert Carter
    Robert Carter

  • Notes 
    • King of Corotoman Plantation, "King Carter"; Colonial Official and landowner. Wealthiest American of his day
      Plantations: Corotoman and other plantations totalling 330'000 acres and over 700 slaves
      Land agent for Lord Thomas Fairfax and his Northern Neck property; Extensive tobacco merchant and also active in the slave trade; copper mining
      Member of the Virginia House of Burgesses (1691-99); Virginia Council of State (1699-1732); Treasurer of Virginia (1699-1705); Colonel and commander-in-chief of Lancaster County militia
      Rector and trustee College of William & Mary; built Christ Church in Lancaster Co

      His abilities in business made him so successful that he eventually became the richest man of Virginia and probably of America too, sharing the latter position with Kilian Van Rensselaer, the 3rd generation heir of Rensselarswyck and largest landowner of New York. Robert Carter started his career as a justice of peace, later becoming a Burgess of Virginia, a Speaker of the House of Burgesses and an active member of the Council. His political offices certainly served his business but not as much as his appointment as agent to Lord Fairfax, then the largest landowner in Virginia. In this function Robert Carter was able to spot the choice land tracts that would make him and his family immensely wealthy. He early understood that since tobacco planting wore out land fast, the industry would only survive through a steady supply of new land. Lord Fairfaxs huge Northern Neck tract in Western Virginia was the land reservoir that could nurture the industry and Robert Carter, as his agent, was the man who controlled this supply. Robert Carter started to buy land in his own name and later got land grants in the name of his children and grandchildren. Until 1724 he had accumulated almost 90'000 acres in this way. His next leap in fortune came after 1726 when he leased a huge land tract from Lord Fairfax for a fixed annual rental. This land he then used for his agricultural pursuits and leased it further to tobacco planters, netting him a far larger income than the rent he paid. Subsequent ventures into copper mining and trading further increased the scope of the Carter family enterprises in which King Carters sons had joined in the meantime.

      When he died, Robert "King" Carter was the richest man in the colony, having accumulated over 300'000 acres of land and a personal estate including 10'000 pounds in cash, thousands of horses and cattle and also one thousand slaves. His estate was essentially shared by four sons,

      Daughters of Robert "King" Carter were provided with the usually ample dowries and married into other prominent families


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