1767 - 1845 (78 years)
Has 6 ancestors and 15 descendants in this family tree.
||Andrew Jackson |
||7th President |
||15 Mar 1767
||Waxhaws, South Carolina
||8 Jun 1845
||Hermitage Garden, Nashville, Tennessee
||1 May 2002 |
||Andrew Jackson, b. Abt 1730, Carrick Fergus, Antrim, Ireland , d. 10 Mar 1767, Lancaster, Waxhaw Settlement, SC (Age ~ 37 years) |
||Elizabeth Hutchinson, b. Abt 1740, Antrim County, Ireland , d. 2 Nov 1781, Charleston, South Carolina, USA (Age ~ 41 years) |
||2 siblings |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Rachel Donelson, b. 15 Jun 1767, Pittsylvania Co., Virginia , d. 22 Dec 1828, The Hermitage, Nr Nashville, Tennessee (Age 61 years) |
| ||1. Emily Donalson, b. Abt 1793, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||2. Andrew Jackson, Jr., b. 1809, Clover Bottom, Davidson, TN , d. Yes, date unknown|
||1 May 2002 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- - US President No. 7
Was elected over John Quincy Adams by a popular vote of 647,286 to 508,064 and an electoral vote of 178 to 83. Was reelected 1832 over Henry Clay by a popular vote of 687,502 to 530,189 and an electoral vote of 219 to 49. During his first term 1829-1832 John C. Calhoun served as vice-president, during his second 1833-1837 his successor Martin Van Buren. Called "Old Hickory".
More nearly than any of his predecessors, Andrew Jackson was elected by popular vote; as President he sought to act as the direct representative of the common man. Born in a backwoods settlement in the Carolinas in 1767, he received sporadic education. But in his late teens he read law for about two years, and he became an outstanding young lawyer in Tennessee. Fiercely jealous of his honor, he engaged in brawls, and in a duel killed a man who cast an unjustified slur on his wife Rachel. Jackson prospered sufficiently to buy slaves and to build a mansion, the Hermitage, near Nashville. He was the first man elected from Tennessee to the House of Representatives, and he served briefly in the Senate. A major general in the War of 1812, Jackson became a national hero when he defeated the British at New Orleans. In 1824 some state political factions rallied around Jackson; by 1828 enough had joined "Old Hickory" to win numerous state elections and control of the Federal administration in Washington. In his first Annual Message to Congress, Jackson recommended eliminating the Electoral College. He also tried to democratize Federal officeholding. Already state machines were being built on patronage, and a New York Senator openly proclaimed "that to the victors belong the spoils. . . . " Jackson took a milder view. Decrying officeholders who seemed to enjoy life tenure, he believed Government duties could be "so plain and simple" that offices should rotate among deserving applicants. As national politics polarized around Jackson and his opposition, two parties grew out of the old Republican Party--the Democratic Republicans, or Democrats, adhering to Jackson; and the National Republicans, or Whigs, opposing him. Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and other Whig leaders proclaimed themselves defenders of popular liberties against the usurpation of Jackson. Hostile cartoonists portrayed him as King Andrew I. Behind their accusations lay the fact that Jackson, unlike previous Presidents, did not defer to Congress in policy-making but used his power of the veto and his party leadership to assume command. The greatest party battle centered around the Second Bank of the United States, a private corporation but virtually a Government-sponsored monopoly. When Jackson appeared hostile toward it, the Bank threw its power against him.
Clay and Webster, who had acted as attorneys for the Bank, led the fight for its recharter in Congress. "The bank," Jackson told Martin Van Buren, "is trying to kill me, but I will kill it!" Jackson, in vetoing the recharter bill, charged the Bank with undue economic privilege. His views won approval from the American electorate; in 1832 he polled more than 56 percent of the popular vote and almost five times as many electoral votes as Clay. Jackson met head-on the challenge of John C. Calhoun, leader of forces trying to rid themselves of a high protective tariff. When South Carolina undertook to nullify the tariff, Jackson ordered armed forces to Charleston and privately threatened to hang Calhoun. Violence seemed imminent until Clay negotiated a compromise: tariffs were lowered and South Carolina dropped nullification. In January of 1832, while the President was dining with friends at the White House, someone whispered to him that the Senate had rejected the nomination of Martin Van Buren as Minister to England. Jackson jumped to his feet and exclaimed, "By the Eternal! I'll smash them!" So he did. His favorite, Van Buren, became Vice President, and succeeded to the Presidency when "Old Hickory" retired to the Hermitage, where he died in June 1845.