2nd President John Adams

2nd President John Adams

Male 1735 - 1826  (90 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 47 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name John Adams 
    Prefix 2nd President 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 30 Oct 1735  Quincy, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 4 Jul 1826  Quincy, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried United First Parish Church Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I74736  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 7 Feb 2003 

    Father Deacon John Adams,   b. 28 Jan 1690,   d. 1761  (Age 70 years) 
    Mother Susanna Boylston,   b. 1709,   d. 1797  (Age 88 years) 
    Siblings 2 siblings 
    Family ID F30383  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Abigail Smith,   b. 22 Nov 1744, Weymouth, Norfolk, MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Oct 1818, Quincy, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Married 25 Oct 1764  Weymouth, Norfolk, MA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Abigail Adams,   b. 14 Jul 1765, Quincy, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jun 1816, Lebanon, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)
     2. 6th President John Quincy Adams,   b. 11 Jul 1767, Braintree (now Quincy), MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Feb 1848, Speaker's Room, Congress, Washington D.C. Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
     3. Susanna Adams,   b. 28 Dec 1768, Boston, Suffolk, MA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Feb 1770, Boston, Suffolk, MA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     4. Charles Adams,   b. 29 May 1770, Boston, Suffolk, MA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Nov 1800, New York City, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years)
     5. Thomas Boylston Adams,   b. 15 Sep 1772, Quincy, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Mar 1832  (Age 59 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F30382  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    John Adams
    John Adams

  • Notes 
    • Was elected by the narrow margin of 71 to 68 over his vice-president and successor Thomas Jefferson. Presided from 1797 to 1801. Was the first president to live in Washington, D.C. Died on the same day a few hours after Thomas Jefferson. Was responsible for appointing George Washington Commander-in-Chief of the Army. Insisted that Thomas Jefferson write the draft for the declaration of independence.
      Learned and thoughtful, John Adams was more remarkable as a political philosopher than as a politician. "People
      and nations are forged in the fires of adversity," he said, doubtless thinking of his own as well as the American experience. Adams was born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1735. A Harvard-educated lawyer, he early became identified with the patriot cause; a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses, he led in the movement for independence. During the Revolutionary War he served in France and Holland in diplomatic roles, and helped negotiate the treaty of peace. From 1785 to 1788 he was minister to the Court of St. James's, returning to be elected Vice President under George Washington. Adams' two terms as Vice President were frustrating experiences for a man of his vigor, intellect, and vanity. He complained to his wife Abigail, "My country has in its wisdom contrived for me the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived."
      When Adams became President, the war between the French and British was causing great difficulties for the United States on the high seas and intense partisanship among contending factions within the Nation. His administration focused on France, where the Directory, the ruling group, had refused to receive the American envoy and had suspended commercial relations. Adams sent three commissioners to France, but in the spring of 1798 word arrived that the French Foreign Minister Talleyrand and the Directory had refused to negotiate with them unless they would first pay a substantial bribe. Adams reported the insult to Congress, and the Senate printed the correspondence, in which the Frenchmen were referred to only as "X, Y, and Z." The Nation broke out into what Jefferson called "the X. Y. Z. fever," increased in intensity by Adams's exhortations. The populace cheered itself hoarse wherever the President appeared. Never had the Federalists been so popular. Congress appropriated money to complete three new frigates and to build additional ships, and authorized the raising of a provisional army. It also passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, intended to frighten foreign agents out of the country and to stifle the attacks of Republican editors. President Adams did not call for a declaration of war, but hostilities began at sea. At first, American shipping was almost defenseless against French privateers, but by 1800 armed merchantmen and U.S. warships were clearing the sea-lanes Despite several brilliant naval victories, war fever subsided. Word came to Adams that France also had no stomach for war and would receive an envoy with respect. Long negotiations ended the quasi war. Sending a peace mission to France brought the full fury of the Hamiltonians against Adams. In the campaign of 1800 the Republicans were united and effective, the Federalists badly divided. Nevertheless, Adams polled only a few less electoral votes than Jefferson, who became President. On November 1, 1800, just before the election, Adams arrived in the new Capital City to take up his residence in the White House. On his second evening in its damp, unfinished rooms, he wrote his wife, "Before I end my letter, I pray Heaven to bestow the best of Blessings on this House and all that shall hereafter inhabit it. May none but honest and wise Men ever rule under this roof." Adams retired to his farm in Quincy. Here he penned his elaborate letters to Thomas Jefferson. Here on July 4, 1826, he whispered his last words: "Thomas Jefferson survives." But Jefferson had died at Monticello a few hours earlier.


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