25th President William McKinley

25th President William McKinley

Male 1843 - 1901  (58 years)    Has 19 ancestors and 2 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name William McKinley 
    Prefix 25th President 
    Born 29 Jan 1843  Niles, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 14 Sep 1901  Buffalo, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Canton, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I74679  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 3 Feb 2001 

    Father William McKinley,   b. 15 Nov 1807, Wolf Creek, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Nov 1892, Canton Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years) 
    Mother Nancy Campbell Allison,   b. 22 Apr 1809, Columbiana Co, OH, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Dec 1897, Canton Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 88 years) 
    Married 6 Jan 1829  New Lisbon, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 8 siblings 
    Family ID F30359  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Ida Saxton,   b. 8 Jun 1847, Canton, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 May 1907, Canton, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Married 25 Jan 1871  1st Presby Chur., Canton, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Katherine McKinley,   b. 25 Dec 1871, Canton, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jun 1876, Canton, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 4 years)
     2. Ida McKinley,   b. 1 Apr 1872-1873, Canton, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1873, Canton, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F30358  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    President William McKinley
    President William McKinley

  • Notes 
    • - US President No. 25

      Won the 1896 and 1900 elections over William J. Bryan by popular votes of 7,102,246 to 6,492,559 and 7,218,491 to 6,356,734 and electoral votes of 271 to 176 and 292 to 155. Shortly after his second inauguration, he was assassinated by Czolgosz. During his first term Garret A. Hobart served as his vice-president, during his second his successor Theodor Roosevelt.
      At the 1896 Republican Convention, in time of depression, the wealthy Cleveland businessman Marcus Alonzo Hanna ensured the nomination of his friend William McKinley as "the advance agent of prosperity." The Democrats, advocating the "free and unlimited coinage of both silver and gold"--which would have mildly inflated the currency--nominated William Jennings Bryan. While Hanna used large contributions from eastern Republicans frightened by Bryan's views on silver, McKinley met delegations on his front porch in Canton, Ohio. He won by the largest majority of popular votes since 1872. Born in Niles, Ohio, in 1843, McKinley briefly attended Allegheny College, and was teaching in a country school when the Civil War broke out. Enlisting as a private in the Union Army, he was mustered out at the end of the war as a brevet major of volunteers. He studied law, opened an office in Canton, Ohio, and married Ida Saxton, daughter of a local banker. At 34, McKinley won a seat in Congress. His attractive personality, exemplary character, and quick intelligence enabled him to rise rapidly. He was appointed to the powerful Ways and Means Committee. Robert M. La Follette, Sr., who served with him, recalled that he generally "represented the newer view," and "on the great new questions .. was generally on the side of the public and against private interests." During his 14 years in the House, he became the leading Republican tariff expert, giving his name to the measure enacted in 1890. The next year he was elected Governor of Ohio, serving two terms.
      When McKinley became President, the depression of 1893 had almost run its course and with it the extreme agitation over silver. Deferring action on the money question, he called Congress into special session to enact the highest tariff in history. In the friendly atmosphere of the McKinley Administration, industrial combinations developed at an unprecedented pace. Newspapers caricatured McKinley as a little boy led around by "Nursie" Hanna, the representative of the trusts. However, McKinley was not dominated by Hanna; he condemned the trusts as "dangerous conspiracies against the public good." Not prosperity, but foreign policy, dominated McKinley's Administration. Reporting the stalemate between Spanish forces and revolutionaries in Cuba, newspapers screamed that a quarter of the population was dead and the rest suffering acutely. Public indignation brought pressure upon the President for war. Unable to restrain Congress or the American people, McKinley delivered his message of neutral intervention in April 1898. Congress thereupon voted three resolutions tantamount to a declaration of war for the liberation and independence of Cuba. In the 100-day war, the United States destroyed the Spanish fleet outside Santiago harbor in Cuba, seized Manila in the Philippines, and occupied Puerto Rico. "Uncle Joe" Cannon, later Speaker of the House, once said that McKinley kept his ear so close to the ground that it was full of grasshoppers. When McKinley was undecided what to do about Spanish possessions other than Cuba, he toured the country and detected an imperialist sentiment. Thus the United States annexed the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. In 1900, McKinley again campaigned against Bryan. While Bryan inveighed against imperialism, McKinley quietly stood for "the full dinner pail." His second term, which had begun auspiciously, came to a tragic end in September 1901. He was standing in a receiving line at the Buffalo Pan-American Exposition when a deranged anarchist shot him twice. He died eight days later.


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