14th President Franklin Pierce

14th President Franklin Pierce

Male 1804 - 1869  (64 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 3 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Franklin Pierce 
    Prefix 14th President 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 23 Nov 1804  Hillsboro, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 8 Oct 1869  Concord, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried North Cemetery, Concord, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I74569  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 25 Jan 2002 

    Father General Benjamin Pierce,   b. 25 Dec 1757,   d. 8 Oct 1839  (Age 81 years) 
    Mother Anna Kenrick,   b. 30 Oct 1768,   d. 7 Dec 1838  (Age 70 years) 
    Married 1 Feb 1790 
    Siblings 7 siblings 
    Family ID F30313  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Jane Means Appleton,   b. 12 Mar 1806, Hampton, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Dec 1863, Andover, Essex Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Married 10 Nov 1834  Amherst, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Franklin Pierce,   b. 2 Feb 1836, Hillsborough, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Feb 1836  (Age 0 years)
     2. Frank Robert Pierce,   b. 27 Aug 1839, Concord, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Nov 1843, Concord, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 4 years)
     3. Benjamin Pierce,   b. 13 Apr 1841, Concord, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jan 1853, Near Andover, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 11 years)
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2004 
    Family ID F30312  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
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  • Notes 
    • Won the 1852 election over Winfield Scott by a popular vote of 1,601,117 to 1,385,453 and an electoral vote of 254 to 42. William R. King was his vice-president. Was the only president to complete his term without making any changes in his Cabinet.
      Franklin Pierce became President at a time of apparent tranquillity. The United States, by virtue of the Compromise of 1850, seemed to have weathered its sectional storm. By pursuing the recommendations of southern advisers, Pierce--a New Englander--hoped to prevent still another outbreak of that storm. But his policies, far from preserving calm, hastened the disruption of the Union. Born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire, in 1804, Pierce attended Bowdoin College. After graduation he studied law, then entered politics. At 24 he was elected to the New Hampshire legislature; two years later he became its Speaker. During the 1830's he went to Washington, first as a Representative, then as a Senator. Pierce, after serving in the Mexican War, was proposed by New Hampshire friends for the Presidential nomination in 1852. At the Democratic Convention, the delegates agreed easily enough upon a platform pledging undeviating support of the Compromise of 1850 and hostility to any efforts to agitate the slavery question. But they balloted 48 times and eliminated all the well-known candidates before nominating Pierce, a true "dark horse." Probably because the Democrats stood more firmly for the Compromise than the Whigs, and because Whig candidate Gen. Winfield Scott was suspect in the South, Pierce won with a narrow margin of popular votes. Two months before he took office, he and his wife saw their eleven-year-old son killed when their train was wrecked. Grief-stricken, Pierce entered the Presidency nervously exhausted. In his Inaugural he proclaimed an era of peace and prosperity at home, and vigor in relations with other nations. The United States might have to acquire additional possessions for the sake of its own security, he pointed out, and would not be deterred by "any timid forebodings of evil." Pierce had only to make gestures toward expansion to excite the wrath of northerners, who accused him of acting as a cat's-paw of Southerners eager to extend slavery into other areas. Therefore he aroused apprehension when he pressured Great Britain to relinquish its special interests along part of the Central American coast, and even more when he tried to persuade Spain to sell Cuba. But the most violent renewal of the storm stemmed from the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and reopened the question of slavery in the West. This measure, the handiwork of Senator Stephen A. Douglas, grew in part out of his desire to promote a railroad from Chicago to California through Nebraska. Already Secretary of War Jefferson Davis, advocate of a southern transcontinental route, had persuaded Pierce to send James Gadsden to Mexico to buy land for a southern railroad. He purchased the area now comprising southern Arizona and part of southern New Mexico for
      $10,000,000. Douglas's proposal, to organize western territories through which a railroad might run, caused extreme trouble. Douglas provided in his bills that the residents of the new territories could decide the slavery question for themselves. The result was a rush into Kansas, as southerners and northerners vied for control of the territory. Shooting broke out, and "bleeding Kansas" became a prelude to the Civil War. By the end of his administration, Pierce could claim "a peaceful condition of things in Kansas." But, to his disappointment, the Democrats refused to renominate him, turning to the less controversial Buchanan. Pierce returned to New Hampshire, leaving his successor to face the rising fury of the sectional whirlwind. He died in 1869.


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