12th President Zachary Taylor

12th President Zachary Taylor

Male 1784 - 1850  (65 years)    Has more than 250 ancestors and 14 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Zachary Taylor 
    Prefix 12th President 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 24 Nov 1784  Montebello, Orange Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 9 Jul 1850  White House, Washington, DC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Louisville, Jefferson Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I74520  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 2 Feb 2001 

    Father Richard Lee Taylor,   b. 3 Apr 1744, Orange CO., VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jan 1829, Lexington, KY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years) 
    Mother Sarah Dabney Strother,   b. 14 Oct 1760,   d. 13 Dec 1822  (Age 62 years) 
    Married 20 Aug 1779 
    Siblings 8 siblings 
    Family ID F30292  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret Mackall Smith,   b. 21 Sep 1788, Calvert Co., Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Aug 1852, East Pascagoula, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Married 21 Jun 1810  Jefferson Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Ann Margaret Mackall Taylor,   b. 9 Apr 1811, Jefferson Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Dec 1875, Freiburg, D Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     2. Sarah Knox Taylor,   b. 6 Mar 1814, Vincennes, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Sep 1835, Locust Grove, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 21 years)
     3. Octavia Pannill Taylor,   b. 16 Aug 1816, Jefferson Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1820, Bayou Sara, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 3 years)
     4. Margaret Smith Taylor,   b. 27 Jul 1819, Jefferson Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Oct 1820, Bayou Sara, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     5. Mary Elizabeth Taylor,   b. 20 Apr 1824, Jefferson Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jul 1909, Winchester, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)
     6. Lt. General Richard Taylor,   b. 27 Jan 1826, Nr Louisville, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Apr 1879, New York City, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F30291  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    74520.gif
    74520.gif

  • Notes 
    • - US President No. 12

      Elected in 1848 over Lewis Cass by a popular vote of 1,360,967 to 1,222,342 and an electoral vote of 163 to 127. Chose Millard Fillmore as vice-president. Died in office, while Congress was in session. Was a second cousin of James Madison.
      Northerners and Southerners disputed sharply whether the territories wrested from Mexico should be opened to
      slavery, and some Southerners even threatened secession. Standing firm, Zachary Taylor was prepared to hold the Union together by armed force rather than by compromise. Born in Virginia in 1784, he was taken as an infant to Kentucky and raised on a plantation. He was a career officer in the Army, but his talk was most often of cotton raising. His home was in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and he owned a plantation in Mississippi. But Taylor did not defend slavery or southern sectionalism; 40 years in the Army made him a strong nationalist. He spent a quarter of a century policing the frontiers against Indians. In the Mexican War he won major victories at Monterrey and Buena Vista. President Polk, disturbed by General Taylor's informal habits of command and perhaps his Whiggery as well, kept him in northern Mexico and sent an expedition under Gen. Winfield Scott to capture Mexico City. Taylor, incensed, thought that "the battle of Buena Vista opened the road to the city of Mexico and the halls of Montezuma, that others might revel in them." "Old Rough and Ready's" homespun ways were political assets. His long military record would appeal to northerners; his ownership of 100 slaves would lure southern votes. He had not committed himself on troublesome issues. The Whigs nominated him to run against the Democratic candidate, Lewis Cass, who favored letting the residents of territories decide for themselves whether they wanted slavery. In protest against Taylor the slaveholder and Cass the advocate of "squatter sovereignty," northerners who opposed extension of slavery into territories formed a Free Soil Party and nominated Martin Van Buren. In a close election, the Free Soilers pulled enough votes away from Cass to elect Taylor. Although Taylor had subscribed to Whig principles of legislative leadership, he was not inclined to be a puppet of Whig leaders in Congress. He acted at times as though he were above parties and politics. As disheveled as always, Taylor tried to run his administration in the same rule-of-thumb fashion with which he had fought Indians. Traditionally, people could decide whether they wanted slavery when they drew up new state constitutions. Therefore, to end the dispute over slavery in new areas, Taylor urged settlers in New Mexico and California to draft constitutions and apply for statehood, bypassing the territorial stage. Southerners were furious, since neither state constitution was likely to permit slavery; Members of Congress were dismayed, since they felt the President was usurping their policy-making prerogatives. In addition, Taylor's solution ignored several acute side issues: the northern dislike of the slave market operating in the District of Columbia; and the southern demands for a more stringent fugitive slave law. In February 1850 President Taylor had held a stormy conference with southern leaders who threatened secession. He told them that if necessary to enforce the laws, he personally would lead the Army. Persons "taken in rebellion against the Union, he would hang ... with less reluctance than he had hanged deserters and spies in Mexico." He never wavered. Then events took an unexpected turn. After participating in ceremonies at the Washington Monument on a blistering July 4, Taylor fell ill; within five days he was dead. After his death, the forces of compromise triumphed, but the war Taylor had been willing to face came 11 years later. In it, his only son Richard served as a general in the Confederate Army.


Home Page |  What's New |  Most Wanted |  Surnames |  Photos |  Histories |  Documents |  Cemeteries |  Places |  Dates |  Reports |  Sources