33rd President Harry S. Truman

33rd President Harry S. Truman

Male 1884 - 1972  (88 years)    Has 56 ancestors and 5 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Harry S. Truman 
    Prefix 33rd President 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 8 May 1884  Lamar, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 26 Dec 1972  Kansas City, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Truman Library, Independence, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I74449  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 30 Nov 2000 

    Father John Anderson Truman,   b. 1851,   d. 1914  (Age 63 years) 
    Mother Martha Ellen Young,   b. 1852,   d. 1947  (Age 95 years) 
    Siblings 3 siblings 
    Family ID F30261  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth Virginia Wallace,   b. 13 Feb 1885, Independence, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Oct 1982, Independence, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 97 years) 
    Married 28 Jun 1919  Independence, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Living
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F30260  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Harry S. Truman
    Harry S. Truman

  • Notes 
    • - US President No. 33

      Succeeded to the presidency upon the sudden death of Franklin D. Roosevelt on April 12, 1945. Was reelected in 1948 over Thomas E. Dewey, Strom Thurmond, and Henry A. Wallace by a popular vote of 24,179,345 to 21,991,291, 1,176,125, and 1,157,326, and an electoral vote of 303 to 189, 39, and 0. Was sometimes called "Give-'em-hell-Harry". Coined the phrases "If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen." and "The buck stops here." Gave the order to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
      During his few weeks as Vice President, Harry S Truman scarcely saw President Roosevelt, and received no briefing on the development of the atomic bomb or the unfolding difficulties with Soviet Russia. Suddenly these and a host of other wartime problems became Truman's to solve when, on April 12, 1945, he became President. He told reporters, "I felt like the moon, the stars, and all the planets had fallen on me." Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, in 1884. He grew up in Independence, and for 12 years prospered as a Missouri farmer. He went to France during World War I as a captain in the Field Artillery. Returning, he married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace, and opened a haberdashery in Kansas City. Active in the Democratic Party, Truman was elected a judge of the Jackson County Court (an administrative position) in 1922. He became a Senator in 1934. During World War II he headed the Senate war investigating committee, checking into waste and corruption and saving perhaps as much as 15 billion dollars. As President, Truman made some of the most crucial decisions in history. Soon after V-E Day, the war against Japan had reached its final stage. An urgent plea to Japan to surrender was rejected. Truman, after consultations with his advisers, ordered atomic bombs dropped on cities devoted to war work. Two were Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japanese surrender quickly followed. In June 1945 Truman witnessed the signing of the charter of the United Nations, hopefully established to preserve peace. Thus far, he had followed his predecessor's policies, but he soon developed his own. He presented to Congress a 21-point program, proposing the expansion of Social Security, a full-employment program, a permanent Fair Employment Practices Act, and public housing and slum clearance. The program, Truman wrote, "symbolizes for me my assumption of the office of President in my own right." It became known as the Fair Deal. Dangers and crises marked the foreign scene as Truman campaigned successfully in 1948. In foreign affairs he was already providing his most effective leadership. In 1947 as the Soviet Union pressured Turkey and, through guerrillas, threatened to take over Greece, he asked Congress to aid the two countries, enunciating the program that bears his name--the Truman Doctrine. The Marshall Plan, named for his Secretary of State, stimulated spectacular economic recovery in war-torn western Europe. When the Russians blockaded the western sectors of Berlin in 1948, Truman created a massive airlift to supply Berliners until the Russians backed down. Meanwhile, he was negotiating a military alliance to protect Western nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, established in 1949. In June 1950, when the Communist government of North Korea attacked South Korea, Truman conferred promptly with his military advisers. There was, he wrote, "complete, almost unspoken acceptance on the part of everyone that whatever had to be done to meet this aggression had to be done. There was no suggestion from anyone that either the United Nations or the United States could back away from it." A long, discouraging struggle ensued as U.N. forces held a line above the old boundary of South Korea. Truman kept the war a limited one, rather than risk a major conflict with China and perhaps Russia. Deciding not to run again, he retired to Independence; at age 88, he died December 26, 1972, after a stubborn fight for life.


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