10th President John Tyler

10th President John Tyler

Male 1790 - 1862  (71 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name John Tyler 
    Prefix 10th President 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 29 Mar 1790  Greenway, Charles City Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 17 Jan 1862  Richmond, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I74373  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 21 Feb 2001 

    Father Gov John Tyler,   b. 28 Feb 1747, Yarmouth, James City Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jan 1813, Greenway Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Mother Mary Mariot Armistead,   b. 1761,   d. Apr 1797  (Age 36 years) 
    Married Jul 1776  Weyanoke, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 7 siblings 
    Family ID F30224  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Letitia Christian,   b. 12 Nov 1790, Cedar Grove, New Kent Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep 1842, White House, Washington, DC Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Married 29 Mar 1813  Cedar Grove, New Kent Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Mary Tyler,   b. 15 Apr 1815, Charles City Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jun 1848, New Kent Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)
     2. Robert Tyler,   b. 9 Sep 1816, Charles City Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Dec 1877, Montgomery, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
     3. John Tyler,   b. 27 Apr 1819,   d. 1896  (Age 76 years)
     4. Letitia Tyler,   b. 11 May 1821,   d. 28 Dec 1907, Baltimore, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years)
     5. Elizabeth Tyler,   b. 11 Jul 1823, Virginia USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jun 1850  (Age 26 years)
     6. Ann Contesse Tyler,   b. 5 Apr 1825,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Alice Tyler,   b. 23 Mar 1827, Greenway, Charles City Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1854, Louisville, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
     8. Dr. Tazewell Tyler,   b. 6 Dec 1830, Charles City Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jan 1874, San Francisco, San Francisco Co., California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)
    Last Modified 21 Feb 2001 
    Family ID F30222  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Julia Gardiner,   b. 4 May 1820, Gardiners Island, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jul 1889, Richmond, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years) 
    Married 26 Jun 1844  Chuch of Ascension, New York City, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. David Gardiner Tyler,   b. 12 Jul 1846, East Hampton, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Sep 1927, Sherwood Forest, Charles City Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
     2. John Alexander Tyler,   b. 7 Apr 1848, Sherwood Forest, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Sep 1883  (Age 35 years)
     3. Julia Gardiner Tyler,   b. 25 Dec 1849, Sherwood Forest, Charles City Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 May 1871  (Age 21 years)
     4. Lachlan Tyler,   b. 2 Dec 1851, Sherwood Forest, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1902  (Age 50 years)
     5. Lyon Gardiner Tyler,   b. 24 Aug 1852, Sherwood Forest, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Feb 1935, Charles City Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
     6. Robert Fitzwalter Tyler,   b. 12 Mar 1856, Sherwood Forest, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1927  (Age 70 years)
     7. Pearl Tyler,   b. 13 Jun 1860, Sherwood Forest, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jun 1947, Elliston, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)
    Last Modified 28 Oct 2002 
    Family ID F30223  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
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  • Notes 
    • - US President No. 10

      Was never elected to office; attained the presidency through the death of his predecessor William Henry Harrison, whose vice-president he was. Samuel L. Southard, president pro tempore of the Senate served as his vice-president.
      Dubbed "His Accidency" by his detractors, John Tyler was the first Vice President to be elevated to the office of President by the death of his predecessor. Born in Virginia in 1790, he was raised believing that the Constitution must be strictly construed. He never wavered from this conviction. He attended the College of William and Mary and studied law. Serving in the House of Representatives from 1816 to 1821, Tyler voted against most nationalist legislation and opposed the Missouri Compromise. After leaving the House he served twice as Governor of Virginia. As a Senator he reluctantly supported Jackson for President as a choice of evils. Tyler soon joined the states' rights Southerners in Congress who banded with Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and their newly formed Whig party opposing President Jackson. The Whigs nominated Tyler for Vice President in 1840, hoping for support from southern states'-righters who could not stomach Jacksonian Democracy. The slogan "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too" implied flagwaving nationalism plus a dash of southern sectionalism. Clay, intending to keep party leadership in his own hands, minimized his nationalist views temporarily; Webster proclaimed himself "a Jeffersonian Democrat." But after the election, both men tried to dominate "Old Tippecanoe." Suddenly President Harrison was dead, and "Tyler too" was in the White House. At first the Whigs were not too disturbed, although Tyler insisted upon assuming the full powers of a duly elected President. He even delivered an Inaugural Address, but it seemed full of good Whig doctrine. Whigs, optimistic that Tyler would accept their program, soon were disillusioned. Tyler was ready to compromise on the banking question, but Clay would not budge. He would not accept Tyler's "exchequer system," and Tyler vetoed Clay's bill to establish a National Bank with branches in several states. A similar bank bill was passed by Congress. But again, on states' rights grounds, Tyler vetoed it. In retaliation, the Whigs expelled Tyler from their party. All the Cabinet resigned but Secretary of State Webster. A year later when Tyler vetoed a tariff bill, the first impeachment resolution against a President was introduced in the House of Representatives. A committee headed by Representative John Quincy Adams reported that the President had misused the veto power, but the resolution failed. Despite their differences, President Tyler and the Whig Congress enacted much positive legislation. The "Log-Cabin" bill enabled a settler to claim 160 acres of land before it was offered publicly for sale, and later pay $1.25 an acre for it In 1842 Tyler did sign a tariff bill protecting northern manufacturers. The Webster-Ashburton treaty ended a Canadian boundary dispute; in 1845 Texas was annexed. The administration of this states'-righter strengthened the Presidency. But it also increased sectional cleavage that led toward civil war. By the end of his term, Tyler had replaced the original Whig Cabinet with southern conservatives. In 1844 Calhoun became Secretary of State. Later these men returned to the Democratic Party, committed to the preservation of states' rights, planter interests, and the institution of slavery. Whigs became more representative of northern business and farming interests. When the first southern states seceded in 1861, Tyler led a compromise movement; failing, he worked to create the Southern Confederacy. He died in 1862, a member of the Confederate House of Representatives.


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