23th President Benjamin Harrison

23th President Benjamin Harrison

Male 1833 - 1901  (67 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 8 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Benjamin Harrison 
    Prefix 23th President 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 20 Aug 1833  North Bend, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 13 Mar 1901  Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Crown Hill Cem., Indianapolis, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I74238  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2001 

    Father John Scott Harrison,   b. 4 Oct 1804, Vincennes, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 May 1878, Point Farm, Nr North Bend, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Ramsey Irwin,   b. 18 Jul 1810, Mercersburg, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1850, North Bend, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Married 12 Aug 1831 
    Siblings 9 siblings 
    Family ID F30165  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Caroline Lavinia Scott,   b. 1 Oct 1832, Oxford, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Oct 1892, White House, Washington, DC Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Married 20 Oct 1853  Oxford, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Russell Benjamin Harrison,   b. 12 Aug 1854, Oxford, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Dec 1936, Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
     2. Mary Scott Harrison,   b. 3 Apr 1858, Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Oct 1930, Greenwich, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     3. NN Harrison,   b. 13 Jun 1861,   d. 13 Jun 1861  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F30163  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Mary Scott Dimmick Lord,   b. 30 Apr 1858, Honesdale, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jan 1948, New York City, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 89 years) 
    Married 6 Apr 1896  St Thomas Church, New York City, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Elizabeth Harrison,   b. 21 Feb 1897, Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Dec 1955, New York City, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F30164  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
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  • Notes 
    • - US President No. 23

      Won the 1888 electoral vote by 233 to 168 for his predecessor and successor Grover Cleveland, even though Cleveland had won the popular vote by 5,537,857 to 5,447,129. Lost the 1892 election to Cleveland. Chose Levi P. Morton to be his vice-president.
      Nominated for President on the eighth ballot at the 1888 Republican Convention, Benjamin Harrison conducted one of the first "front-porch" campaigns, delivering short speeches to delegations that visited him in Indianapolis. As he was only 5 feet, 6 inches tall, Democrats called him "Little Ben"; Republicans replied that he was big enough to wear the hat of his grandfather, "Old Tippecanoe." Born in 1833 on a farm by the Ohio River below Cincinnati, Harrison attended Miami University in Ohio and read law in Cincinnati. He moved to Indianapolis, where he practiced law and campaigned for the Republican Party. He married Caroline Lavinia Scott in 1853. After the Civil War--he was Colonel of the 70th Volunteer Infantry--Harrison became a pillar of Indianapolis, enhancing his reputation as a brilliant lawyer. The Democrats defeated him for Governor of Indiana in 1876 by unfairly stigmatizing him as "Kid Gloves" Harrison. In the 1880's he served in the United States Senate, where he championed Indians. homesteaders, and Civil War veterans. In the Presidential election, Harrison received 100,000 fewer popular votes than Cleveland, but carried the Electoral College 233 to 168. Although Harrison had made no political bargains, his supporters had given innumerable pledges upon his behalf. When Boss Matt Quay of Pennsylvania heard that Harrison ascribed his narrow victory to Providence, Quay exclaimed that Harrison would never know "how close a number of men were compelled to approach... the penitentiary to make him President." Harrison was proud of the vigorous foreign policy which he helped shape. The first Pan American Congress met in Washington in 1889, establishing an information center which later became the Pan American Union. At the end of his administration Harrison submitted to the Senate a treaty to annex Hawaii; to his disappointment, President Cleveland later withdrew it. Substantial appropriation bills were signed by Harrison for internal improvements, naval expansion, and subsidies for steamship lines. For the first time except in war, Congress appropriated a billion dollars. When critics attacked "the billion-dollar Congress," Speaker Thomas B. Reed replied, "This is a billion-dollar country." President Harrison also signed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act "to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies," the first Federal act attempting to regulate trusts. The most perplexing domestic problem Harrison faced was the tariff issue. The high tariff rates in effect had created a surplus of money in the Treasury. Low-tariff advocates argued that the surplus was hurting business. Republican leaders in Congress successfully met the challenge. Representative William McKinley and Senator Nelson W. Aldrich framed a still higher tariff bill; some rates were intentionally prohibitive. Harrison tried to make the tariff more acceptable by writing in reciprocity provisions. To cope with the Treasury surplus, the tariff was removed from imported raw sugar; sugar growers within the United States were given two cents a pound bounty on their production. Long before the end of the Harrison Administration, the Treasury surplus had evaporated, and prosperity seemed about to disappear as well. Congressional elections in 1890 went stingingly against the Republicans, and party leaders decided to abandon President Harrison although he had cooperated with Congress on party legislation. Nevertheless, his party renominated him in 1892, but he was defeated by Cleveland. After he left office, Harrison returned to Indianapolis, and married the widowed Mrs. Mary Dimmick in 1896. A dignified elder statesman, he died in 1901.


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