William Tuke

William Tuke

Male 1732 - 1822  (89 years)    Has no ancestors but 14 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name William Tuke 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 24 Mar 1732 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1822 
    Person ID I679557  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 26 Jul 2010 

    Children 
     1. Henry Tuke,   b. 1755,   d. 1814  (Age 59 years)
    Last Modified 26 Jul 2010 
    Family ID F299473  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • English businessman, philanthropist and Quaker. He was instrumental in the development of more humane methods in the custody and care of people with mental disorders, an approach that came to be known as moral treatment.

      Tuke was born in York to a leading Quaker family. He went into the family tea and coffee merchant business that had been started by Mary Tuke in 1725, and she passed it on to him in 1755. It became part of Twinings tea company after the second world war.

      Following the death of Hannah Mills in appalling conditions in a local insane asylum in 1790, Tuke was asked to take the lead in Quaker efforts to develop a more humane alternative. He solicited funds from friends, Quakers, and physicians. He spent two years discussing plans with the local Quaker group (York Monthly Meeting) describing the fundamental principles of the proposed institution. It opened in 1796 as the York Retreat. The approach was widely derided at first, and William Tuke noted that "All men seem to desert me." However, it became famous around the world as a model of more humane and psychologically-based approaches. William's son, Henry Tuke co-founded the treat and continued his work, as did his grandson, Samuel Tuke, who also helped publicize the work and the term, "moral treatment".

      Tuke was one of a few voices in Britain opposing the East India Company for its inhumane impact on other countries

      The Tuke family's ancestry can be traced back to Sir Brian Tuke, who served as an adviser to King Henry VIII of England (replacing Sir Thomas More).


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