828 - 868 (40 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and 2 descendants in this family tree.
||Ali al-Hadi |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||5 Mar 828
||27 Jun 868
||18 Nov 2009 |
- He was eight years old when his father died, and when he was appointed with Im During the remaining years of the Caliphate of al-Mu'tasim and the five year Caliphate of al-Wathiq , al-H and the Sh community of Mad lived in relative peace, with al-H mostly engaged in teaching.[ citation needed ]
In 848 during the caliphate of Al-Mutawakkil , he was summoned to Baghdad and put under house arrest in Samarra , along with his son Hasan al-Askari . His time in prison was a time of great persecution against the Shia. The quarter of the city where al-Hadi lived was known as al-Askar since it was chiefly occupied by the army (askar) and, therefore, al-Hadi and his son Hasan are both referred to as 'Askari or together as al-'Askariyy ("the two 'Askariyy"). According to Twelvers , al-Mutawakkil attempted to kill al-Hadi at least once but was frustrated by a miracle.
In Twelverism, he is described as being endowed with the knowledge of the languages of the Persians , Slavs , Indians and Nabataeans in addition to foreknowing unexpected storms and as accurately prophesying deaths and other events. He is reported to have correctly predicted al-Mutawakkil's death within three days after the Caliph had either humiliated him or had him imprisoned. In the presence of al-Mutawakkil, he unmasked a woman falsely claiming to be Zaynab , daughter of Ali , by descending into a lions' den in order to prove that lions do not harm true descendants of Ali (a similar miracle is also attributed to his grandfather, Ali al-Rida ). A theological treatise on human free will and some other short texts and statements ascribed to al-Hadi are quoted by Ab Mu al- ibn ibn al- ibn Shu al-Harr
He would live out his life under house arrest, until the orders of al-Mu'taz had 'Al al-H poisoned. Thereafter, al-H was buried at his house in Samarra by his son, who was also the only person to attend his funeral. His burial spot is now the al-'Askari Mosque , one of the holiest Shi'ah shrines.
On February 22, 2006 , a bomb attack in Iraq badly damaged the shrine of Askari, the burial place of al-Hadi and his son Hasan al-'Askari , another attack was executed on 13 June 2007 which led to the destruction of the two minarets of the shrine, both attacks were made by Wahabi/Sunni extremists .
His direct descendants are called Naqvi 's (also spelled as Naqhavi or Naqavi in Iran and the Arab world respectively). They primarily reside in Pakistan as well as a small but prominent minority in India .