King Pepin der Franken, III, "the Short"

King Pepin der Franken, III, "the Short"[1, 2]

Male 715 - 768  (53 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Pepin der Franken 
    Prefix King 
    Suffix III, "the Short" 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 715  Jupille Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 24 Sep 768  St. Denis Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I6547  Geneagraphie | Voorouders HW, Ahnen BvS
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 

    Father Prince Karl "Martel" der Franken,   b. 689,   d. 22 Oct 741, Ciersy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Mother Rotrud d' Austrasia,   d. Abt 725 
    Siblings 5 siblings 
    Family ID F2979  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Bertrada de Laon, 'au Grand Pied',   b. 720,   d. 12 Jul 783, Choisy-au-Bac Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Married 740 
     1. Emperor Charlemagne,   b. 4 Feb 742, Ingolheim Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 814, Aachen, Nrh-Wf, D Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)
     2. Redburga der Karolingen,   b. 744,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Adelaide der Karolingen,   b. 746,   d. 12 May
     4. Gertrude der Karolingen,   b. 748,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Karlmann der Karolingen,   b. 751,   d. 4 Dec 771, Samoussy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 20 years)
     6. Gilles der Karolingen,   b. 755,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Pepin der Karolingen,   b. 756,   d. 761  (Age 5 years)
     8. Gisela der Karolingen,   b. 757,   d. 811, Chelles b. Paris Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
     9. Rothaide der Karolingen
     10. Berta der Franken,   b. Abt 765,   d. Yes, date unknown
     11. Bertbelle de France,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F2974  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Pepin III, 'the Short'
    Pepin III, "the Short"

  • Notes 
    • "De jongere/de kleine"; koning der Franken 751 - 768

      This dynasty gets its name from Pepin (or Pippin) the Short, Mayor of the Palace then King of the Franks (751-768). It derived from the union of two aristocratic Frankish families in Austrasia. Members of the family succeeded each other as Mayors of the Palace from the 7th century on, beginning with Pippin of Landen. The rise of the Pippinids coincided with a weakening of the Merovingian monarchy, through Pepin of Heristal, Charles Martel and Pepin the Short.
      Pepin the Short, who was assured of support from the papacy, overthrew the last Merovingian king, Childeric III, in 751 A.D. and had himself declared King of the Franks by an assembly of noblemen. His son, Charlemagne, gave his name to the Carolingian dynasty.

      Pepin the Short was born in Jupille in Austrasia. He was the grandson of Pippin of Heristal and one of the sons of Charles Martel. Both his forebears were Mayors of the Palace of Austrasia under Merovingian kings. When his father died in 741 A.D, he shared power with his brother, Carloman, and became Mayor of the Palace of Neustria and Burgundy. In 742 A.D, the brothers set a Merovingian monarch back on the throne, Childeric III, thereby ending an interregnum that had lasted since 737 and, by the same occasion, putting an end to a revolt. After his brother Carloman's entry into holy orders in 747 A.D, Pepin the Short also became Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia. Having earlier obtained the support and approval of the Pope in return for his work in reorganising the Frankish Church (after a succession of Councils in 743-747 A.D.), Pepin had the last Merovingian king, Childeric III, shut away in an abbey. He then had himself elected king by the kingdom's leading noblemen. He was crowned by the bishops in 751 A.D. The coronation ceremony was repeated in Saint-Denis by Pope Stephen II in 754 A.D, giving the future Carolingian dynasty legitimacy and divine power. It also marked the alliance between the papacy and the Frankish monarchy. The new king, Pepin the Short, immediately strengthened the alliance by organising two expeditions in Italy against the Lombards who were posing a threat to the Pope (754 and 756 A.D). He took the Pentapole from them, as well as the exarchate of Ravenna which he gifted to the Holy See. These territories were to form the basis of the future Papal States. He also waged war against the Saxons, whom he defeated in 758 A.D, brought Bavaria to heel, won Septimania back from the Saracens in 759 A.D, and quelled the revolt in Aquitaine by launching several campaigns between 760 and 768. Pepin the Short died in 758 A.D. and his kingdom was divided between his two sons, Charlemagne and Carloman.

  • Sources 
    1. [S5939] Die Vorfahren von Karl dem Grossen, Houdry, Gilles, ().

    2. [S5731] La Préhistoire des Capétiens Teil 1, Settipani, Christian; Kerrebrouck, Patrick Van, (Nouvelle Histoire Génélogique de l'Auguste Maison de France 1993 ISBN 2-9501509-3-4), Tabelle 4 (Reliability: 3).

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