715 - 768 (53 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Pepin der Franken |
||III, "the Short" |
||24 Sep 768
||Geneagraphie | Voorouders HW, Ahnen BvS
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Bertrada de Laon, 'au Grand Pied', b. 720, d. 12 Jul 783, Choisy-au-Bac (Age 63 years) |
| ||1. Emperor Charlemagne, b. 4 Feb 742, Ingolheim , d. 28 Jan 814, Aachen, Nrh-Wf, D (Age 71 years)|
| ||2. Redburga der Karolingen, b. 744, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Adelaide der Karolingen, b. 746, d. 12 May|
| ||4. Gertrude der Karolingen, b. 748, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||5. Karlmann der Karolingen, b. 751, d. 4 Dec 771, Samoussy (Age 20 years)|
| ||6. Gilles der Karolingen, b. 755, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||7. Pepin der Karolingen, b. 756, d. 761 (Age 5 years)|
| ||8. Gisela der Karolingen, b. 757, d. 811, Chelles b. Paris (Age 54 years)|
| ||9. Rothaide der Karolingen|
| ||10. Berta der Franken, b. Abt 765, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||11. Bertbelle de France, d. Yes, date unknown|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- "De jongere/de kleine"; koning der Franken 751 - 768
This dynasty gets its name from Pepin (or Pippin) the Short, Mayor of the Palace then King of the Franks (751-768). It derived from the union of two aristocratic Frankish families in Austrasia. Members of the family succeeded each other as Mayors of the Palace from the 7th century on, beginning with Pippin of Landen. The rise of the Pippinids coincided with a weakening of the Merovingian monarchy, through Pepin of Heristal, Charles Martel and Pepin the Short.
Pepin the Short, who was assured of support from the papacy, overthrew the last Merovingian king, Childeric III, in 751 A.D. and had himself declared King of the Franks by an assembly of noblemen. His son, Charlemagne, gave his name to the Carolingian dynasty.
Pepin the Short was born in Jupille in Austrasia. He was the grandson of Pippin of Heristal and one of the sons of Charles Martel. Both his forebears were Mayors of the Palace of Austrasia under Merovingian kings. When his father died in 741 A.D, he shared power with his brother, Carloman, and became Mayor of the Palace of Neustria and Burgundy. In 742 A.D, the brothers set a Merovingian monarch back on the throne, Childeric III, thereby ending an interregnum that had lasted since 737 and, by the same occasion, putting an end to a revolt. After his brother Carloman's entry into holy orders in 747 A.D, Pepin the Short also became Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia. Having earlier obtained the support and approval of the Pope in return for his work in reorganising the Frankish Church (after a succession of Councils in 743-747 A.D.), Pepin had the last Merovingian king, Childeric III, shut away in an abbey. He then had himself elected king by the kingdom's leading noblemen. He was crowned by the bishops in 751 A.D. The coronation ceremony was repeated in Saint-Denis by Pope Stephen II in 754 A.D, giving the future Carolingian dynasty legitimacy and divine power. It also marked the alliance between the papacy and the Frankish monarchy. The new king, Pepin the Short, immediately strengthened the alliance by organising two expeditions in Italy against the Lombards who were posing a threat to the Pope (754 and 756 A.D). He took the Pentapole from them, as well as the exarchate of Ravenna which he gifted to the Holy See. These territories were to form the basis of the future Papal States. He also waged war against the Saxons, whom he defeated in 758 A.D, brought Bavaria to heel, won Septimania back from the Saracens in 759 A.D, and quelled the revolt in Aquitaine by launching several campaigns between 760 and 768. Pepin the Short died in 758 A.D. and his kingdom was divided between his two sons, Charlemagne and Carloman.
- [S5939] Die Vorfahren von Karl dem Grossen, Houdry, Gilles, ().
- [S5731] La Préhistoire des Capétiens Teil 1, Settipani, Christian; Kerrebrouck, Patrick Van, (Nouvelle Histoire Génélogique de l'Auguste Maison de France 1993 ISBN 2-9501509-3-4), Tabelle 4 (Reliability: 3).