1198 - 1249 (50 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Alexander II of Scotland |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||24 Aug 1198
||Haddington, East Lothian
||6 Jul 1249
||Isle of Kerrara, Bay of Oban, Scotland
||Melrose Abbey, Roxburghshire
||19 Mar 2010 |
- Acceded 6 December 1214, Scone Abbey, Perthshire
Alexander was the only son of William the Lion and his wife Ermengarde. Born at Haddington, East Lothian on 24 August 1198, he was knighted by King John of England on 4 March 1212. Two years later, he succeeded his father. Although Alexander backed the barons who forced John to sign the Magna Carta, in 1221 he married John's eldest daughter Joan in York. She had no children, and died in 1238. The following year at Roxburgh, he married Marie, daughter of Enguerand, Baron de Coucy in Picardy - an alliance which raised English fears of a Franco-Scottish alliance.
The long-standing dispute between Scotland and England over the Border was settled in 1237 when, by the Treaty of York, Alexander renounced Scotland's claims to the three northern counties of England in exchange for the honour of Tynedale and the manor of Penrith. The border between Scotland and England was now fixed almost exactly on its present line from the lower Tweed in the east to the Solway Firth in the west. Alexander died whilst preparing to take the Hebrides from Norway.