1741 - 1783 (42 years)
Has 16 ancestors and 8 descendants in this family tree.
||Jacobus Cornelis Mattheus Radermacher |
||'s-Gravenhage, ZH, NL
||24 Dec 1783
||11 Jun 2009 |
- als onderkoopman gaat hij naar Indië
1762 richt Radermacher de eerste Indische loge van de Vrijmetselaars op: "La Choisie"
1763 terug in Nederland
1766 promoveerde hij tot doctor in de rechten in Harderwijk
1767 naar Indië
1776 benoemd tot extra-ordinair Raad van Indië
1778 richt hij het 'Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen' op
1781 commissaris over de vloot en het leger, en ordinair Raad van Indië
1783 hij vraagt en krijgt ontslag; als vice-admiraal van de retourvloot gaat hij terug naar Nederland, doch onderweg komt hij om bij een opstand van Chinezen.
botanist and author
He was an officer of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in Batavia ] (Jakarta ) as well as a talented naturalist. Born into an influential Dutch family, his father was Jacob Cornelis Radermacher (1700-1748), who was treasurer-general to the prince. His uncle and his nephew were members of the Board of Directors of the VOC. In 1757, then only sixteen years old, he had traveled to Indonesian to work as a merchant for the VOC. On May 21 , 1761 Jacob married Margaretha Sophia Verijssel. In 1762 Radermacher created a Freemasonic circle in Batavia becoming the first Freemasonic lodge in Asia . In 1763 he returned to Holland to continue his studies, and graduated in law at Harderwijk . After graduation on June 13 , 1766 he established himself as a lawyer in Arnhem . After a short time, Radermacher made the decision to return to Batavia. On December 20 , 1766 with his wife Margaretha and two sons Frans Reinier and Johannes Cornelis, they boarded the ship Tulpenburg bound for Indonesia. His youngest son, Johannes Cornelis, still an infant, died within one month of their departure. By 1776, Radermacher was promoted by the VOC to title of "Extra-Ordinair Council of India".
During his years in Batavia, Radermacher was a staunch promoter of the arts and sciences in the Far East. On April 24 , 1778 he founded the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences ("Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en etenschappen"). He also donated a substantial amount of writings and collections to start the museum. During this time he also catalogued a significant amount of flora and fauna of the islands of Java and Sumatra . The trees of the genus "Radermachera " are named for him.
By 1781 Radermacher was named Commissioner Concerning the Fleet and the Army, and Common Council of India. After the death of his first wife, he married Bataviase Anna Bosch. For health reasons in 1783, he requested permission to return to Holland. However, while enroute home in the Indian Ocean on December 24 , there was a mutiny on board the ship, and Radermacher was murdered.
The standard author abbreviation Raderm. is used to indicate this individual as the author when citing a botanical name