1601 - 1643 (41 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Louis de France |
||XIII, 'the Just' |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||27 Sep 1601
||14 May 1643
||Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France
||9 Oct 2002 |
||Roy Henry de France, IV, b. 13 Dec 1553, Pau, Béarn, Fr , d. 14 May 1610, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr (Age 56 years) |
||Maria di Medici, b. 26 Apr 1573, Firenze, Toscana, Italia , d. 3 Jul 1642, Cologne (Age 69 years) |
||27 Dec 1600
||5 siblings |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Anne Maurice von Österreich, b. 22 Sep 1601, Valladolid , d. 20 Jan 1666, Le Louvre, Paris (Age 64 years) |
||24 Nov 1615
| ||1. Roy Louis de France, XIV, b. 5 Sep 1638, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France , d. 1 Sep 1715, Versailles, Yvelines, Île-de-France, Fr (Age 76 years)|
| ||2. Duc Philippe d' Orléans, I, b. 21 Sep 1640, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France , d. 9 Jun 1701, St Cloud (Age 60 years)|
||29 Aug 2000 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King of France (1610-1643).
Louis, the elder son of Henri lV and Marie de Medici, succeeded his father in 1610 at the age of 9 and his mother acted as Regent. Although he was declared to have come of age in l 614, Louis XIII continued to be strongly influenced by her and by her favourite, Concini, until 1617. The policy implemented by the Regent was contested by the kingdom's leading aristocrats, among them Conde, and they fomented an uprising in 1614-1616. In 1617, Louis XIII showed his authority by having Concini murdered and removing his mother from power. From 1617 to 1621, he left government in the hands of his favourite, Luynes, and after warring against his mother in 1619-1620, the king was reconciled with her. The year 1624 marked the beginning of cooperation between Louis XIII and Richelieu; it was to last until 1642. Although the king was particularly carefully to maintain royal authority and although all decisions were made with his approval, he let the Cardinal govern the country. Richelieu had three major aims - within France, he wanted to ruin the Huguenot party and subject the seditious nobility to the power of the absolute monarchy once and for all; his foreign policy was designed to fight the House of Austria. In religious matters, Richelieu wanted to overturn the privileged political position granted to the Protestants by the Edict of Nantes. The Peace of Montpellier (1622), signed after initial rebellion on the part of the Protestants, placed restrictions on their military potential. The struggle started again in 1625. The most symbolic act was the siege and capture of La Rochelle in 1627-1628, since this was the place through which Protestants received assistance from foreign powers, in particular England. The struggle ended with the Treaty of Ales (1629) confirming the Protestants' right of worship but leading to the destruction of their strongholds and fortresses. As far as the kingdom's leading nobility was concerned, Richelieu repressed any attempt at revolt and punished any obvious failure to comply with royal edicts e.g. after the Chalais plot in 1626, the Montmorency rebellion in 1632 or the conspiracy instigated by Louis XIII's brother, Gaston d'Orleans, in 1642. Richelieu's position came under attack on several occasions but the king never lost his trust in the Cardinal, as was evident in the Day of the Dupes (November 1630). His reign was marked by the institution of a strong, centralised, all-powedul State which intervened in every possible field (promulgation of the Michau Code in 1629, founding of the Academiefrangaise in 1635). In foreign policy areas, the Cardinal re-opened the hostilities against Austria, the country's traditional enemy since the reign of Francis I. Richelieu began by signing an alliance with England against Spain (1625) but domestic difficulties and the threat from Protestants forced him to reverse the alliances in 1627. The problems inherent to the succession in the Duchyof Mantua led to French military intervention in the north of Italy in 1629-1630 and the occupation of Savoy. The Thirty Years' War provided Richelieu with an opportunity to take direct action against the imperial army. France entered the fray in 1635. Although the war began with a string of defeats (Corbie, 1636) and with anti-fiscality revolts in a France crushed by the burden of taxation, it later enabled France to occupy the Artois and Roussillon areas. The war was not quite over when Richelieu died, in 1642, and Louis XIII in 1643. Louis XIII's reign was also marked by the building of a colonial empire in Canada, Africa and the West Indies. He married Anne of Austria in 1615 and had a heir, the future Louis XIV who was born in 1638.
succeeded his father, King Henri IV, as king 14 May 1610; he reigned until his death.