Jose I Emanuel de Bragança

Jose I Emanuel de Bragança

Male 1714 - 1777  (62 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Jose I Emanuel de Bragança 
    Born 6 Jun 1714  Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 24 Feb 1777  Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I6247  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 

    Father Joao V de Bragança,   b. 22 Oct 1689, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Jul 1750, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Mother Maria Ana Josefa von Österreich,   b. 7 Sep 1683,   d. 14 Aug 1754  (Age 70 years) 
    Married 27 Oct 1708 
    Siblings 2 siblings 
    Family ID F2796  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Maria Ana Vitoria de Bourbon,   b. 31 Mar 1718, Madrid, España Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jan 1781, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Married 19 Jan 1729  Elvas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Queen Maria I Francisca de Bragança,   b. 17 Dec 1734, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Mar 1816, Río de Janeiro, Brasil Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
     2. Maria Francisca Benedita de Bragança,   b. 25 Jul 1746, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Aug 1829, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F2797  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Koning van Portugal
      After his father's death he busied himself with hunting and playing cards, while Portugal was governed by Sebastiao José de Carvalho e Melo (1699-1782), who received the title of marquis of Pombal in 1770.
      Despite his enlightened reform, Pombal's reign was a reign of terror, arousing social discontent.
      An earthquake, followed by a tidal wave, hit Lisbon in 1755 and 30.000 persons were killed. Although the royal family was in Belém at the time of the earthquake, for a long time Joseph I refused to enter any of his surviving palaces, preferring to live in a tent. One evening in September 1758 Joseph returned to Belém and his coachmen, finding a gate jammed, took a side road. Suddenly, three mounted men appeared under the darkness of an arch and fired several shots at the royal carriage. The king was hit in the arm and ordered the coachman to drive straight to his surgeon at Junqueira. He thus avoided a second ambush. Joseph was treated for bullet-wounds in his arm, shoulder and chest. Rumours circulated that he had been ambushed by the Távora family. The marquis of Távora was an enemy of Pombal and his daughter-in-law was one of Joseph's mistresses. Nothing more was heard of the affair until December, when the Távoras, the duke of Aveiro, a few other nobles and a number of Jesuits were arrested. Confessions were produced under torture and later retracted, but the marquis and his second son withstood the torture and revealed nothing. On a public scaffold the elder marchioness of Távora and her two sons were beheaded. The old marquis and the duke of Aveiro had their bones broken and the whole scaffold was set alight. Thus Pombal removed all resistance to his rule, while the king remained passive and idle. In 1775 a statue of Joseph mounted on a horse was inaugurated on a great square in rebuild Lisbon. The next year Joseph suffered from a stroke that deprived him of speech and his wife assumed the regency.
      Before his death he married Maria's eldest son, 16-year-old Joseph, to Maria's younger sister, 30-year-old Benedita .Mercifully this incestuous marriage was barren.


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