1084 - 1153 (69 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||David I of Scotland |
||'the Saint' |
||24 May 1153
||19 Mar 2010 |
||King Malcolm III of Scotland, 'Canmore', b. Abt 1031, Scone Abbey, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland , d. 13 Nov 1093, Alnwick Castle, Northumbria (Age ~ 62 years) |
||St. Margaret of England, b. 1043, Hungary , d. 16 Nov 1093, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Scotland (Age 50 years) |
||Dunfermline Abbey, Fif
||7 siblings |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Matilda of Huntingdon, b. 1072, d. 23 Apr 1131 (Age 59 years) |
| ||1. NN of Scotland, b. 1108, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||2. Malcolm of Scotland, b. 1113, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Earl Henry of Huntingdon, b. 1114, d. 12 Jun 1152 (Age 38 years)|
| ||4. Claricia of Scotland, b. 1116, d. 1135 (Age 19 years)|
| ||5. Hodierna of Scotland, b. 1117, d. 1140 (Age 23 years)|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King of Scotland 1124-1153.
Earl of Huntingdon.
United Alba with Strathclyde.
Earl of Northampton.
Popularly reputed as a Saint.
- He spent his youth at the Court of his brother-in-law Henry I of England and in about 1113-14 married Matilda, daughter of Waltheof, Earl of Huntingdon and widow of Simon de Senlis. As a result of the marriage, he held the Earldom of Northampton and the Honour of Huntingdon, with a legitimate claim to a large part of England.
David succeeded his brother Alexander as King of Scots in 1124. He was by then in his mid-40s, and was famous for his piety. Indeed, he was later criticised as being 'a sair sanct for the croun' [too pious to make a successful monarch] but in fact his generosity to the Church and his foundation of many abbeys including Holyrood, Melrose and Dryburgh, and sees such as Caithness, Dunblane and Aberdeen, had sound practical reasons too. The monks improved the country's economy by engaging in sheep farming, coal working and salt making.
David issued the first Scottish coinage; he also reorganised civil institutions and founded royal burghs (such as Stirling, Perth and Dunfermline). David extended feudal tenure by granting land to Anglo-Normans in return for feudal services, and appointed them as royal officials such as sheriffs and justiciars. David encouraged Anglo-French immigration.
In the 1130s, David met with resistance in Moray and the north; hitherto ruled by an independent dynasty, Moray was annexed and reorganised by David.
When Henry I of England died in 1135, and the succession of his daughter Matilda was disputed by King Stephen, David I invaded England, ostensibly on behalf of his niece Matilda. However, he was also taking advantage of the confusion resulting from the civil war in England, and using the opportunity to try to extend his kingdom southwards. Although he was defeated at the Battle of the Standard, near Northallerton in Yorkshire on 22 August 1138, he continued his campaign until, in 1139, the Treaty of Durham confirmed his possession of Northumberland. In 1149 he persuaded Henry II, Matilda's son, to give him an undertaking that Scotland could retain Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland.
David's surviving son Earl Henry (named after Henry I of England) died in 1152.
He was buried in Dunfermline, where he had extended the church into an abbey in commemoration of his parents. Ailred of Rievaulx wrote 'who can estimate the good done to the world by this gentle, just, chaste and humble ruler, loved for his gentleness, feared for his justice...'
- David was close to England. First, because he was raised there as a member of the Scottish royal family in exile while David's unfriendly halfbrother ruled Scotland. Second, because David's sister, Matilda, married Henry I, King of England, And third, because he married Matilda , daughter of Earl Waltheof of Northampton and Huntingdon, and through that marriage he inherited two wealthy English earldoms.
He ascended to the throne of Scotland in 1124.
David developed an interest in religion and founded monasteries and nine dioceses in the country. Even today much of the religious orientation of Scotland is attributed to his efforts. Despite the fact that he could be pious, he could also be brutal. There are legends about his slaughters and his wasting of whole regions to consolidate his power. Although, he lost some important battles which were setbacks to his position. To enhance his authority he granted valuable fiefdoms to Anglo-Norman and French families. By the end of his reign, much of the southern part of the country was controlled by these non-Scottish foreigners. One of these fiefdoms, the 200,000 acre Annandale,
was granted to Robert Bruce, a Norman who David had met while in exile in England.
David's great-granddaughter, Isabel later married into the Bruce family