King Malcolm III of Scotland, 'Canmore'

King Malcolm III of Scotland, 'Canmore'

Male Abt 1031 - 1093  (~ 62 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All

  • Name Malcolm III of Scotland  [1, 2
    Prefix King 
    Suffix 'Canmore' 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born Abt 1031  Scone Abbey, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Died 13 Nov 1093  Alnwick Castle, Northumbria Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried Holy Trinity Church, Dumferline, Fifeshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I6068  Geneagraphie | Voorouders HW
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 

    Father King Duncan I of Scotland, 'the Gracious',   b. Abt 1001, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Aug 1040, Bothganowan, Elgin Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 39 years) 
    Mother Aelflaed FitzSiward,   b. 1009,   d. 1040  (Age 31 years) 
    Married 1030 
    Siblings 5 siblings 
    Family ID F5060  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 St. Margaret of England,   b. 1043, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1093, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Married 1068  Dunfermline Abbey, Fif Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Mary of Scotland,   b. Abt 1084,   d. 31 May 1116  (Age ~ 32 years)
     2. Edward of Scotland,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. King Edmund I of Scotland,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Edgar of Scotland,   b. 1074,   d. 8 Jan 1107, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)
     5. King Alexander I of Scotland,   b. 1077-1078, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Apr 1124, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     6. Queen Edith (Mathilda) of Scotland,   b. Oct 1079, Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 May 1118, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 38 years)
     7. King David I of Scotland, 'the Saint',   b. 1084,   d. 24 May 1153, Carlisle, Cumbria Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
    +8. Beatrix of Scotland,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F2708  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Ingebiorg Finnsdottir, "Earl's Daughter",   b. 1021, Osteraat, Irje, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1069, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years) 
    Married 1059  [4
    Children 
     1. Malcolm de Ros,   b. Abt 1064,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Donald of Scotland,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Duncan II of Scotland,   b. 1060,   d. 12 Nov 1094, battle of Monthechin Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)
    +4. Earl Ethelred of Scotland,   b. Abt 1062, Morayshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1098, Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 36 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F2709  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Crowned at Scone, 17 March 1057/8.
      Slew Macbeth (who slew Malcolm's father) August 1057.
      Provided assistance to English resistance against the Normans until he too had to acknowledge William the Conqueror as overlord in 1072. [5]
    • Caennmor of Scotland 1058-1093, King of Scotland. Slew Macbeth 1057. King of Strathclyde.
      Macbeth siezed the throne of Scotland in 1040 after defeating and killing Duncan I near elgin. He based his claim to the crown on his wife's royal descent (Duncan's former wife Sybal). Malcolm III, son of Duncan I, and Earl Siward of Northumberland defeated Macbeth at Dunsinane in 1054, but they did not dethrone him. Three years later, Malcolm III killed Macbeth at Lumphanan. Macbeth's stepson Lulach reigned for a few months, and then Malcolm III succeeded him as king.

      William Shakespeare based his play, Macbeth, one of his greatest tragedies, upon a distorted version of these events which he found in Raphael Holinshed's 'Chronicle of Scottish History.' The only kernel of historical truth in the play is Duncan's death at the hand of Macbeth. From this fact, Shakespeare drew his portrait of ambition leading to a violent and tragic end.

      Source: 'The World Book Encyclopedia', 1968, p M4. 'Ancestrial Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England between 1623 and 1650', 1969, Frederick Lewis Weis, p 111.

      Source: 'Ancestrial Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England between 1623 and 1650', 1969, Frederick Lewis Weis, p 111. 'Royalty for Commoners', Roderick W. Stuart, 1993, p 2.
    • At his father's ascension to the throne in 1034, Malcolm was made King of Strathclyde, although only three years of age. When his father was murdered he was still just a young boy and was quickly carried away to England for protection and lived in the royal court there. After he reached adulthood, and with the aid of England, he raised an army and returned to claim his heritage. He defeated and killed Macbeth in 1057 and ascended to the throne. To consolidate his power, Malcolm, of course, had to eliminate several of Macbeth's family who might prove to be a threat.
      Malcolm became king and, despite the fact he owed a great debt to England for their assistance
      in aiding him regain his crown, he attempted to invade England several times. Those invasions had to be halted, however, when William the Conqueror invaded from Normandy and forced Malcolm to submit and aid William?s
      own cause.
      Malcolm married twice. First to Ingibjorg, and then to the English Princess Margaret who was later canonized as a saint Of these two marriages, four sons, including David , became kings of Scotland, several of whom met with untimely deaths.
      After Malcolm married Margaret and was influenced by her saintly characteristics, he truly became a kindly king -- pious towards his god and compassionate to the poor. Nevertheless,
      even pious and compassionate kings sometimes must take warlike actions. One such action was
      when a rival family captured his castle of Alnwick. Malcolm and his two sons led an army to
      lay siege to the castle in order to recapture it.
      As the army approached the castle, a single knight emerged from it carrying only his lance upon which hung the heavy keys of the castle stronghold. " I come to surrender", he cried, " Let your King come forward to receive at our hands the keys of his fortress". Malcolm rode forward alone, visor up, to accept the offer of surrender, but as he advanced, the knight spurred on his horse and with a sudden swift movement, lowered his lance and drove its point straight into the eye of the King, piercing his brain and killing him. A battle ensued in which one of Malcolm's sons was also killed, and his army forced to retreat. His wife, Saint Margaret, died of grief upon hearing the news of the death of her husband and son.

  • Sources 
    1. [S25] Lineage & Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, Gerald Paget, (Skilton, Edinburgh 1977 ,), Vol I p 56 (Reliability: 0).

    2. [S10] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760, Frederick Lewis Weis, (7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992 , , Repository: J.H. Garner), line 170 p 147 (Reliability: 0).

    3. [S10] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760, Frederick Lewis Weis, (7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992 , , Repository: J.H. Garner), line 1 pp 1-4, line 170 p 147 (Reliability: 0).

    4. [S10] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760, Frederick Lewis Weis, (7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992 , , Repository: J.H. Garner), line 170 p 147, line 171 p 149 (Reliability: 0).

    5. [S484] References and Sources for Genealogy, CharlesB. Dorsett,.


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