1157 - 1199 (41 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Richard Plantagenet |
||8 Sep 1157
||Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England
||6 Apr 1199
||Chalus, Limousin, France
||Fontevraud Abbey, France
||19 Mar 2010 |
||King Henry Plantagenet, II, "Curtmantle", b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, France , d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France (Age 56 years) |
||Eleanore d' Aquitaine, b. Abt 1122, Chateau de Belin, Guinne, France , d. 1 Apr 1204, l'Abbaye de Fontevraul, Maine-et-Loire, France (Age ~ 82 years) |
||18 May 1152
||8 siblings |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Berengaria de Navarra, b. 1163, Pamplona , d. Aft 1230, L'Epau Abbey, Near le Mans, Anjou (Age 68 years) |
||12 May 1191
||Chapel of St George, Limasol, Cyprus
||25 Mar 2008 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- "Leeuwenhart". Koning van Engeland 1189-1192. Ging met Philipp II August van Frankrijk en Friedrich Barbarossa op kruistocht (3e) en werd op de terugreis gevangen genomen door Hertog Leopold V van Oostenrijk die hij had beledigd (Burg Dörnstein). Deze gaf hem aan keizer Heinrich VI. Hij moest zich vrijkopen door de laatste land te belenen en een bedrag van 100.000 Zilvermark te betalen. Keerde 1194 in Engeland terug. Stierf bij het beleg van Chalus.
Richard I, the Lion-hearted, the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitane, was born in 1157, and spent much of his youth in his mother's court at Poitiers. He was betrothed to Philip II's daughter, Alice, but the match never came to fruition; his mother brought him an alternative bride, Berengaria of Navarre, who bore him no children (Richard did have a son, Philip, but he was illegitimate and therefore ineligible for succession). Richard cared much more for the continental possessions of his mother than for England - he also cared much more for his mother than for his father. Family considerations influenced much of his life: he fought along side of his brothers Prince Henry and Geoffrey in their rebellion of 1173-4; he fought for his father against his brothers when they supported an 1183 revolt in Aquitane; he joined Philip II of France against his father in 1188, defeating Henry in 1189. Richard spent but six months of his ten year reign in England. He acted upon a promise of his father to join the Third Crusade; he set off for the Holy Land in 1190 with his partner-rival Philip II. He conquered Cyprus en route, in 1191, and performed admirably against Saladin, nearly taking Jerusalem twice. Philip II, in the meantime, returned to France and plotted with Richard's brother John . The Crusader failed in its primary objective, liberating the Holy Land from Moslem Turks, but did have a positive result - easier access to the region for Christian pilgrims through a truce with Saladin. Richard received word of John's treachery, and decided to return home; he was captured by Leopold V of Austria and imprisoned by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI. The administrative developments of Henry II insured the continuance of royal authority, for Richard was unable to return to his realm until 1194. Richard, upon his return, crushed a coup attempt by John, and regained lands lost to Philip II during the German captivity. Richard's war with Philip continued sporadically until the French were finally defeated near Gisors in 1198. Richard died April 6, 1199, from a wound received in a skirmish at the castle of Chalus in the Limousin. Near his death, Richard finally reconciled his position with his late father, as evidenced by Sir Richard Baker in A Chronicle of the Kings of England : "The remorse for his undutifulness towards his father, was living in him till he died; for at his death he remembered it with bewailing, and desired to be buried as near him as might be, perhaps as thinking they should meet the sooner, that he might ask him forgiveness in another world." Richard's prowess and courage in battle earned him the nickname Coeur De Lion ("heart of the lion"), but his youthful training in his mother's court, known for emphasis on chivalry and courtly love, turns up in a verse written during the captivity:
No one will tell me the cause of my sorrow
Why they have made me a prisoner here.
Wherefore with dolour I now make my moan;
Friends had I many but help have I none.
Shameful it is that they leave me to ransom,
To languish here two winters long.