King Henry Plantagenet, II, "Curtmantle"

King Henry Plantagenet, II, "Curtmantle"

Male 1133 - 1189  (56 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Henry Plantagenet  [1, 2
    Prefix King 
    Suffix II, "Curtmantle" 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 5 Mar 1133  Le Mans, Sarthe, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Jul 1189  Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Buried Fontevrault, France. Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I6021  Geneagraphie | Voorouders HW
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 

    Father Count Gottfried d' Anjou, V, "the Fair",   b. 24 Aug 1113, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Sep 1151, Chateau-du-Loir, Eure-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Mother Queen Matilda of England,   b. 5 Aug 1102, Winchester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep 1169, Notre Dame, Rouen, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Married 22 May 1127  Le Mans Cathedral Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 3 siblings 
    Family ID F2692  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
     1. NN of England,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F17153  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Eleanore d' Aquitaine,   b. Abt 1122, Chateau de Belin, Guinne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1204, l'Abbaye de Fontevraul, Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 82 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152  Poitiers Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. William Plantagenet,   b. 17 Aug 1152,   d. 1156  (Age 3 years)
     2. King Henry Plantagenet,   b. 28 Feb 1155, Bermondsey Palace, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Jun 1183, Martel Castle, Turenne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years)
     3. Mathilde Plantagenet,   b. Jun 1156, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jun 1189, Brunswick, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years)
     4. King Richard Plantagenet,   b. 8 Sep 1157, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Apr 1199, Chalus, Limousin, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years)
     5. Gottfried Plantagenet,   b. 23 Sep 1158,   d. 19 Aug 1186, Parijs Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
     6. Philipp Plantagenet,   b. Abt 1160,   d. 1160-1162  (Age ~ 2 years)
     7. Eleanor Plantagenet,   b. 13 Oct 1162, Domfront castle, Normandie Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1214, Burgos, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
     8. Joanna Plantagenet,   b. Oct 1165, Angers Castle, Anjou Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Sep 1199, Fontevrault Abbey, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years)
    +9. King John Plantagenet, "Lackland",   b. 24 Dec 1166, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Lincolnshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F2674  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Ykenai,   b. 1131, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1151-1159 
    Children 
     1. Archbishop Geoffrey Plantagenet,   b. 1151-1159, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Dec 1212, Notre Dame du Parc, Seine-Maritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
     2. Archdeacon Peter Plantagenet,   b. 1159,   d. 1217-1218  (Age 59 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F17151  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Rosamond de Clifford,   b. 1143-1153, Clifford, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1176, Nunnery at Godstow, (near) Woodstock, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 23 years) 
    Married Y  [3, 4, 5
    Children 
     1. Archbishop Geoffrey Plantagenet,   b. 1151-1159, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Dec 1212, Notre Dame du Parc, Seine-Maritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
     2. Archdeacon Peter Plantagenet,   b. 1159,   d. 1217-1218  (Age 59 years)
     3. William Plantagenet, "Longsword",   b. 1160,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 20 Aug 2004 
    Family ID F2678  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 Nesta Bloet,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 1168 
    Children 
     1. Morgan Plantagenet,   b. 1168, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1217, Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    Last Modified 20 Aug 2004 
    Family ID F2676  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 6 Alice de Porhoët,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 1168 
    Children 
     1. Bishop Hugh of Wells,   d. 1235
     2. Richard Plantagenet
     3. NN Plantagenet,   b. 1168,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F2675  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 7 Annabel de Baliol,   b. 1153, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1204  (Age 51 years) 
    Married 1166-1176 
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F17157  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 8 Alisa Capet,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1166-1176 
    Children 
     1. NN Plantagenet,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. NN Plantagenet,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. NN Plantagenet,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. NN Plantagenet,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F2677  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 9 Ida Plantagenet,   b. 1154, Norfolk Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 1176 
    Children 
     1. Earl William Longespée,   b. 1176, Woodstock Manor Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1225-1226, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F17150  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    6021.jpg
    6021.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Eerste heerser over het zgn. Angevenische rijk, van Schotland tot de Pyreneen. (Erfrecht via vader, moeder en echtgenote) Stierf in het gevecht tegen zijn zonen. Koning van Engeland 1154-1189.

      11th Duke of Normandy Count of Anjou & Aquitaine.
      Henry II was born in 1133, the son of Geoffrey Plantagenet , Count of Anjou, and Matilda, daughter of Henry I . He grew up in Anjou, but visited England as early as 1142 to defend his mother's claim to the disputed throne of Stephen ; educated by famous scholars, he had a true love of reading and intellectual discussion. Geoffrey of Anjou died in September 1151, leaving Normandy and Anjou to Henry. Henry's continental possessions more than doubled with his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitane, ex-wife of King Louis VII of France. After a succession agreement between Stephen and Matilda in 1153, he was crowned Henry II in October 1154. Eleanor bore Henry five sons and three daughters between 1153 and 1167; the relationship between Henry, Eleanor, and their sons Henry, Richard, and John proved to be tumultuous and treacherous. The empire ruled by Henry and his sons was considerably larger than the lone English island - the French Angevin positions extended from Normandy southward to the Pyrenees, covering the counties of Brittany, Maine, Poitou, Touraine, and Gascony, as well as Anjou, Aquitane, and Normandy. Henry was extremely energetic, and traveled quickly and extensively within the borders of his kingdom.
      Henry revitalized the English Exchequer, issuing receipts for tax payments and keeping written accounts on rolled parchment. He replaced incompetent sheriffs, expanding the authority of royal courts, which brought more funds into his coffers. A body of common law emerged to replace feudal and county courts, which varied from place to place. Jury trials were initiated to end the old Germanic customary trials by ordeal or battle. Henry's systematic approach to law provided a common basis for development of royal institutions throughout the entire realm.
      The process of strengthening the royal courts, however, yielded an unexpected controversy. Church courts, instituted by William the Conqueror , became a safe haven for criminals of varying degree and ability, for one in fifty of the English population qualified as clerics. Henry wished to transfer such cases to the royal courts, as the only punishment open to the Church courts was demotion of the cleric. Thomas Beckett, Henry's close friend and chancellor since 1155, was named Archbishop of Canterbury in June 1162. In an attempt to discredit claims that he was too closely tied to the king, he vehemently opposed the weakening of Church courts. Henry drove Beckett into exile from 1164-1170, when the Archbishop returned to England and greatly angered Henry over opposition to the coronation of Prince Henry. Exasperated, Henry publicly announced a half-hearted desire to be rid off Beckett - four ambitious knights took the king at his word and murdered Beckett in his own cathedral on December 29, 1170. Henry is perhaps best remembered for Beckett's murder, but, in fact, the realm was better off without the contentious Archbishop. Henry endured a rather limited storm of protest over the incident, but the real threat to his power came from within his own family.
      Beat rebellious Barons (culminating in the great revolt of 1173-74).
      Henry's sons - Henry the Young King, Richard, Geoffrey, and John - were never satisfied with any of their father's plans for dividing his lands and titles upon his death. The sons, at the encouragement (and sometimes because of the treatment) of their mother, rebelled against the king several times. Prince Henry, the only man ever to be crowned while his father still lived, wanted more than a royal title. Thus from 1193 to the end of his reign henry was plagued by his rebellious sons, who always found a willing partner in Louis VII of France. The death of Henry the Young King in 1183, and that of Geoffrey in 1186, gave no respite from his children's rebellion - Richard, with the assistance of Louis VII, attacked and defeated Henry, forcing him to accept a humiliating peace on July 4, 1189.
      Henry II died two days later, on July 6, 1189. A few quotes from historic manuscripts shed a unique light on Henry , Eleanor, and their sons.
      From Sir Winston Churchill Kt, 1675 : "Henry II Plantagenet, the very first of that name and race, and the very greatest King that England ever knew, but withal the most unfortunate ... his death being imputed to those only to whom himself had given life, his ungracious sons..."
      From Sir Richard Baker, A Chronicle of the Kings of England : Concerning endowments of mind, he was of a spirit in the highest degree generous ... His custom was to be always in action; for which cause, if he had no real wars, he would have feigned ... To his children he was both indulgent and hard; for out of indulgence he caused his son henry to be crowned King in his own time; and out of hardness he caused his younger sons to rebel against him ... He married Eleanor, daughter of William Duke of Guienne, late wife of Lewis the Seventh of France. Some say King Lewis carried her into the Holy Land, where she carried herself not very holily, but led a licentious life; and, which is the worst kind of licentiousness, in carnal familiarity with a Turk."

  • Sources 
    1. [S10] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760, Frederick Lewis Weis, (7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992 , , Repository: J.H. Garner), line 1 pp 1-4 (Reliability: 0).

    2. [S20] Washington Ancestry & Records of McClain, Johnson & Forty Other Colonial American Families, (Chart: The Ancestry of Mourning Adams Garner, pp 54-55, Vol I , , Repository: 3 volume set).

    3. [S14] University of Hull Royal Database (England), Brian Tompsett, (copyright 1994, 1995, 1996 , , Repository: WWW, University of Hull, Hull, UK HU6 7RX bct@tardis.ed.ac.uk).

    4. [S10] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760, Frederick Lewis Weis, (7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992 , , Repository: J.H. Garner), p 3 (Reliability: 0).

    5. [S21] There be Dragons, Sharon Kay Penman.


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