King Henry III Plantagenet

King Henry III Plantagenet

Male 1207 - 1272  (65 years)    Has more than 250 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Henry III Plantagenet 
    Prefix King 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 1 Oct 1207  Winchester Castle Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 16 Nov 1272  Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I5991  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 

    Father King John Plantagenet, "Lackland",   b. 24 Dec 1166, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Lincolnshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Mother Isabelle Taillefer,   b. 1188, Angoul├¬me, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May 1246, Fontevrault Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 24 Jun 1200  Bordeaux Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 4 siblings 
    Family ID F2666  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Eleanor de Montfort,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F2652  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Eleonore de Provence,   b. Abt 1217, Aix-en-Provence, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Jun 1291, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 74 years) 
    Married 14 Jan 1236  Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. King Edward Plantagenet, I, "Longshanks",   b. 17 Jun 1239, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jul 1307, Burgh by Sands Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     2. Margaret Plantagenet,   b. 29 Sep 1240,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Beatrice Plantagenet,   b. 25 Jun 1242,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Earl Edmund Plantagenet, 'Crouchback',   b. 16 Jan 1244-1245, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jun 1296, Bayonne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
     5. Richard Plantagenet,   b. Abt 1247,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. John Plantagenet,   b. Abt 1250,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. William Plantagenet,   b. Abt 1252,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. Katharine Plantagenet,   b. 25 Nov 1253,   d. Yes, date unknown
     9. Henry Plantagenet,   b. Aft 1256
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F2653  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    5991.jpg
    5991.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Koning van 1216-1272, door de opstand der baronnen en "Commons" tijdelijk verdrongen door zijn zwager Simon de Montfort, die bij de slag van Evesham wordt gedood.
      Henry III was the first son of John and Isabella of Angouleme, born in 1207. Age nine when he was crowned, Henry's early reign featured two regents: William the Marshall governed until his death in 1219, and Hugh de Burgh until Henry came to the throne in 1232. His education was provided by Peter des Roche, Bishop of Winchester. He married Eleanor of Provence in 1236, who bore him four sons and two daughters. Henry inherited a troubled kingdom: London and most of the southeast was in the hands of the French Dauphin Louis and the northern regions were under control of rebellious barons - only the midland and southwest were loyal to the boy king. The barons, however, soon sided with Henry (their quarrel was with his father, not him), and the old Marshall expelled the French Dauphin from English soil by 1217. Henry was a cultivated man, but a lousy politician. His court was inundated by Frenchmen and Italians who came at the behest of Eleanor, whose relations were handed important Church and state positions. His father and uncle left him an impoverished kingdom; Henry financed costly, fruitless wars with extortionate taxation. Inept diplomacy and failed war led Henry to sell his hereditary claims to all the Angevin possessions in France, save Gascony (which was held as a fief of the French crown) and Calais. Henry's failures incited hostilities among a group of barons led by his brother-in-law, Simon de Montfort. Henry was forced to agree to a wide ranging plan of reforms, the Provisions of Oxford. His later papal absolution from adhering to the Provisions prompted a baronial revolt in 1263, and Henry was summoned to the first Parliament, a gathering of two knights from every shire and county and a forerunner to the modern House of Commons. Parliament insisted that a council be imposed on the king to advise on policy decisions. He was prone to the infamous Plantagenet temper, but could also be sensitive and quite pious - ecclesiastical architecture reached its apex in Henry's reign. The old king, after an extremely long reign of fifty-six years, died in 1272. He found no success in war, but opened up English culture to the cosmopolitanism of the continent. Although viewed as a failure as a politician, his reign defined the English monarchical position until the end of the fifteenth century: kingship limited by law - the repercussions of which influenced the English Civil War in the reign of Charles I , and extended into the nineteenth century queenship of Victoria .


Home Page |  What's New |  Most Wanted |  Surnames |  Photos |  Histories |  Documents |  Cemeteries |  Places |  Dates |  Reports |  Sources