1457 - 1509 (52 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Henry VII Tudor |
||28 Jan 1457
||Pembroke Castle, Wales
||22 Apr 1509
||10 May 1509
||Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Queen Elisabeth of York, b. Feb 1466, d. 10 Feb 1503 (Age ~ 36 years) |
||16 Jan 1486
||Westminster, London, Middlesex, England
| ||1. Prince Arthur Tudor, b. 20 Sep 1486, d. 2 Apr 1502 (Age 15 years)|
| ||2. Princess Margaret Tudor, b. 28 Nov 1489, Westminster Palace, London, England , d. 18 Oct 1541, Methven Castle. (Age 51 years)|
| ||3. King Henry VIII Tudor, b. 28 Jun 1491, Greenwich , d. 28 Jan 1547, Westminster (Age 55 years)|
| ||4. Elizabeth Tudor, b. 2 Jul 1492, d. 14 Sep 1495, Eltham Palace (Age 3 years)|
| ||5. Mary Tudor, b. 18 Mar 1496, Richmond , d. 25 Jun 1533, Westhorpe, Suffolk. (Age 37 years)|
| ||6. Edmund Tudor, b. 22 Feb 1499, Greenwich Palace , d. 19 Jun 1500, Hatfield (Age 1 years)|
| ||7. Edward Tudor, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||8. Katherine Tudor, b. 10 Feb 1503, d. Feb 1503 (Age 0 years)|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
by an artist of the French school Musee Calvet
- 22 Aug 1485 Henry Tudor wins battle of Bosworth and becomes Henry VII
Eerste Tudor koning(1485-1509), Graaf van Richmond, versloeg Richard II bij Bosworth 1485 en probeerde zijn koningschap legitimeren door met Elisabeth te trouwen. Zijn uitgavenpolitiek en het herstel van oude machtorde voerde tot rust en orde.
Henry VII Reigned 1485-1509; had no valid claim to the throne (having descended from the Beaufort illegitimacy) but seized it anyway by force (at Bosworth, 1485, from the House of York) and then cemented it by marrying one of the two legitimate claimants and executing the other (Earl of Warwick executed 1499).
"The battle was over. On a stretch of high ground in the midland heart of the kingdom twenty thousand men had met in fierce, clumsy combat, and the day had ended in the decisive defeat of the stonger army. Its leader, the King, had been killed fighting heroically, and men had seen his naked corpse slung across his horse's back and borne away to an obscure grave. His captains were dead, captured, or in flight, his troops broken and demoralized. But in the victor's army all was rejoicing. In following the claimant to the throne his supporters had chosen the winning side, and when they saw the golden circlet which had fallen from the King's head placed upon their leader's, their lingering doubts fled before the conviction that God had blessed his cause, and they hailed him joyously as their sovereign. The day was 22 August 1485; the battlefield was to be named after the small neighboring town of Market Bosworth; the fallen King was the third and ablest of English monarchs who bore the name Richard; and the man whom the battle made a king was to be the seventh and perhaps the greatest of those who bore the name Henry." - S.T. Bindoff Tudor England PROLOGUE: 1485
The very fact that Henry Tudor became King of England at all is somewhat of a miracle. His claim to the English throne was tenuous at best. His father was Edmund Tudor, a Welshman of Welsh royal lineage, but that was not too important as far as his claim to the English throne went. What was important though was his heritage through his mother, Margaret Beaufort, a descendant of Edward III. This descent from King Edward was through his third son, John of Guant. John's third wife, Catherine Swynford had born him several children as his mistress before he married her. The children born before the marriage were later legitmized, but barred from the succession. Margaret Beaufort was descended from one of the children born before the marriage of John and Catherine. By 1485 the War of the Roses had been raging in England for many years between the Houses of York and Lancaster. The Lancastrian Henry later took for his bride Elizabeth of York thereby uniting the houses. The real matter was decided on the battlefield, at the Battle of Bosworth Field. It was here that Henry and his forces met with Richard III and Henry won the crown. (see quotation above) It was truly through the defeat of Richard and the 'right of conquest' that Henry claimed the throne. It was solidified however, by his marriage to Elizabeth of York, the eldest child of the
late King Edward IV. The main problem facing Henry was restoring faith and strength in the monarchy. He also had to deal with other claimants, with some of them having a far stronger claim than his own. To deal with this, Henry strengthened the government and his own power, at the expense of the nobles. Henry also had to deal with a treasury that was nearly bankrupt. The English monarchy had never been one of the wealthiest of Europe and even more so after the War of the Roses. Through his monetary strategy, Henry managed to steadily accumulate wealth during his reign, so that by the time he died, he left a considerable fortune to his son, Henry VIII. It could be debated whether or not Henry VII was a great king, but he was clearly a successful king. He had several goals that he had accomplished by the end of his reign. He had established a new dynasty after 30 years of struggle, he had strengthened the judicial system as well as the treasury and had successfully denied all the other claimants to his throne. The monarch that he left to his son was a fairly secure one and most definitely a wealthy one. Henry had seven children by Elizabeth of York, four of whom survived infancy: Arthur, who died shortly after his marriage to
Catherine of Aragon (a point of some importance during "The Divorce"), Henry, Margaret and Mary.