Roy Louis Stanislas Xavier de France, XVIII

Roy Louis Stanislas Xavier de France, XVIII

Male 1755 - 1824  (68 years)    Has more than 250 ancestors but no descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Louis Stanislas Xavier de France 
    Prefix Roy 
    Suffix XVIII 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 17 Nov 1755  Versailles, Yvelines, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 16 Sep 1824  Tuileries Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I5890  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 16 Jul 2007 

    Father Dauphin Louis de France,   b. 4 Sep 1729, Versailles, Yvelines, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1765, Fontainebleau Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years) 
    Mother Marie Josephe Caroline von Sachsen,   b. 4 Nov 1731, Dresden, Sachsen, DE Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Mar 1767, Versailles, Yvelines, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years) 
    Married 9 Feb 1747  Versailles, Yvelines, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 7 siblings 
    Family ID F2580  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Maria Guiseppina di Savoya,   b. 2 Sep 1753, Turino, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Nov 1810, Bucks, UK Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Married 21 Apr 1771  Turino, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 7 Oct 2002 
    Family ID F2584  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 17 Nov 1755 - Versailles, Yvelines, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 21 Apr 1771 - Turino, Italia Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Louis XVIII Stanislas Xavier de France
    Louis XVIII Stanislas Xavier de France

  • Notes 
    • King of France (1814-1815 and 1815-1824).
      Louis XVIII, grandson of Louis XV and younger brother of Louis XVI, was initially known as Count of Provence. He emigrated in 1791, at the beginning of the French Revolution then took the title of "King" on the death of his nephew (Louis XVII) in the Temple Prison in 1795. He worked for the restoration of the monarchy but the military victories of the revolutionary troops, Bonaparte's rise to power and the proclamation of the Empire in 1804 removed him from the public eye. He had to wait for Napoleon's first defeats before beginning his diplomatic activity again. He finally mounted the throne after Napoleon's abdication in April 1814. This was the first period of restoration of the monarchy. On 4th June, he pro-mulgated a charter instituting a constitutional monarchy and confirming the main political and social advantages of the Revolution. Napoleon's return to France in March 1815 forced him to flee to Ghent where he spent the period known as the "Hundred Days". Once Napoleon had been defeated at Waterloo and forced to abdicate for the second time (July 1815), Louis returned to power. Under the terms of the second Treaty of Paris (November 1815), the Allies set French borders back where they had been in 1790 and decided to implement military occupation (it las-ted until 1818). The second Restoration, with the election of an assembly that had an ultra-royalist majority (known as the "Unavailable Chamber") in August 1815, reflected a violent royalist reaction called the "White Terror", but Louis XVIII suc-ceeded in containing it by dissolving the Chamber in September 1816 and sup-porting the moderate policies of ministers Richelieu and Decazes. Wide-sweeping liberal laws were passed. After the assassination of the Duke de Berry, the king's nephew, in 1820, more royalist reaction was felt, leading to the nomination of Minister Villele (1821). Laws restricting individual liberties and the electoral body and re-establishing censorship were passed in 1820-1822. Louis XVIII died in 1824 without leaving an heir and the crown passed to his brother, Charles X.


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